Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich

Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich
Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich book. Happy reading Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich Pocket Guide.

mta-sts.mail.ecolearning.org.uk/qu-comprare-solfato-di.php Looks like a half-starved shrew. But keen I tell you, incredibly keen. He has a motorbike. He is under way the whole day - from one farm to another - from one village to the next. Since I've had him our weapons have really been put into shape. I tell you, he's a perfect arms-NCO. He visits all the secret depots. Himmler served as secretary to Gregor Strasser and was a member of the socialist wing of the party. During this period he met Ernst Hanfstaengel who later wrote about him in his book, Hitler: The Missing Years : "He had a pale, round, expressionless face, almost Mongolian, and a completely inoffensive air.

Nor in his early years did I ever hear him advocate the race theories of what he was to become the most notorious executive. He studied to become a veterinary surgeon, although I doubt if he had ever become fully qualified. It was probably only part of the course he had taken as an agricultural administrator, but, for all I know, treating defenceless animals may have tended to develop that indifference to suffering which was to become his most frightening characteristic. He also served as propaganda leader of the Nazi Party. He immediately saw her as his ideal woman.

His brother, Gebhard Himmler, claimed he was particularly attracted to her blonde hair and her blue eyes. If you are enjoying this article, please feel free to share. It has been claimed by Hugh Thomas that Himmler had great difficulty in finding girlfriends: "The simple truth was that despite the moral bluster of the diaries, he lacked confidence.

His timidity was probably largely based on his awareness of his looks. However, any potential sense of inadequacy was translated into contempt for those who did not share his limitations Rather than consider his want of sexual success as undermining his masculinity, he grandly assumed the role of heroic defender of both men's and women's purity.

The girls are so far gone they no longer know what they are doing. It is the hot unconscious longing for the whole individual, for the satisfaction of a really powerful natural urge. For this reason it is also dangerous for the man, and involves so much responsibility. Depraved as they are of their will power, one could do anything with these girls and, at the same time one has to struggle with oneself.

Otto Strasser claims that Marga, aged thirty-four, and therefore eight years older than Himmler, seduced him. Himmler told Strasser that she was the first woman with whom he had sexual relations. They married in July Margarete sold her share of the clinic and used the proceeds to buy a plot of land in Waldtrudering , near Munich , where they put up a prefabricated house. Peter Padfield has pointed out: "Margarete ran a clinic she had opened with her father's money in Berlin.

Apparently she distrusted conventional medicine; she was more interested in homeopathy, hypnosis, the old herbal remedies of the country. Despite having set herself up in Berlin, a sink of decadence according to his ideas, she apparently shared all his views of the good life of the land, so much so that she was prepared to sell her clinic and buy a smallholding to work with him. She was named after a character in a novel written by Himmler's favourite writer, Werner Jansen. Heinrich Himmler was a devout follower of Adolf Hitler and believed that he was the Messiah that was destined to lead Germany to greatness.

Hitler, who was always vulnerable to flattery, decided in January, , that Himmler should become the new leader of his personal bodyguard, the Schutzstaffel SS. At that time it consisted of men. Himmler personally vetted all applicants to make sure that all were good "Aryan" types. Himmler later remembered that: "In those days we assembled the most magnificent Aryan manhood in the SS-Verfugungstruppe.

We even turned down a man if he had one tooth filled. I was considerably taller than him and had already been awarded the Iron Cross first and second class, and I had been an officer in one of the best and oldest regiments of the German Army - the Hessian Lifeguard Infantry Regiment in Darmstadt. On the other hand Himmler had no war decorations and had nothing in common with the front soldier; his whole bearing was rather sly and unmilitary, but he was very well read and tried to engage our interest with his acquired knowledge, and to enthuse us with the tasks of the SS.

It has been claimed that the reason for this was that Himmler wanted to please senior officers in the German Army. Others have suggested that it was his links with bankers and industrialists that was important. Walter Dornberger also met him during this period. Under a brow of average height, two grey-blue eyes looked at me, behind glittering pince-nez, with an air of peaceful interrogation.

The trimmed moustache below the straight, well-shaped nose traced a dark line on his unhealthy, pale features. The lips were colourless and very thin. Only the conspicuous receding chin surprised me. The skin of his neck was flaccid and wrinkled. With a broadening of his constant set smile, faintly mocking and sometimes contemptuous about the corners of the mouth, two rows of excellent white teeth appeared between the thin lips.

His slender, pale, almost girlishly soft hands, covered with veins, lay motionless on the table throughout our conversation Himmler possessed the rare gift of attentive listening. Sitting back with legs crossed, he wore throughout the same amiable expression. His questions showed that he unerringly grasped what the technicians told him out of the wealth of their knowledge. The talk turned to war and the important questions in all our minds. He answered calmly and candidly. It was only at rare moments that, sitting with his elbows resting on the arms of the chair, he emphasised his words by tapping the tips of his fingers together.

He was a man of quiet unemotional gestures. A man without words. Hugh Thomas has argued: "The pattern of a lifetime was established. He was a man of no outstanding intellectual gifts other than his memory, and no physical attraction, who set out to dominate the lives and minds of others. He was goaded by an unpleasant combination of ambition and officiousness that he disguised as high moral purpose. That he succeeded so well, then in a modest way, but later on a scale which brought disaster to mankind, must be attributed partly to hereditary make-up, and partly to the indoctrination of his father, which left him with exaggerated ideas of his own importance.

It has been claimed that he was impressed by Heydrich's "Nordic" appearance. The Nazi Party decided to have its own intelligence and security body and so Himmler was asked to create the SD Sicherheitsdienst. On 1st August, , Heydrich became the head of the organization and it was kept distinct from the uniformed SS Schutzstaffel. It has been claimed that Heydrich got the job because of his experience in Naval intelligence. However, Mark M. Boatner III has argued that Himmler had made his decision "not realizing he had been in signals, not naval intelligence.

Himmler established the Security Service to investigate the claims. At first Heydrich had few resources to carry out his work. According to Andrew Mollo , the author of To The Death's Head: The Story of the SS : "On a kitchen table, with a borrowed typewriter, a pot of glue, scissors and some files, Heydrich, now leader of the Security Service Leiter des Sicherheitsdienstes , aided by his landlady and some out-of-work SS men, began to gather information on what the Nazis referred to as the 'radical opposition'.

Top of the list were the political churches, Freemasons, Jews and Marxists. A titillating side-line was homosexuality and 'mattress affairs' both inside and out of the Nazi Party. Heydrich then toured the SS regional commands throughout Germany, and on his return began to recruit men of his own age and background into the SD.

In contrast to the typical Nazi 'Lumpenpack' Heydrich sought bright young university graduates whose career prospects had been dimmed by depression. It was these young intellectuals from good families who were to give the SD its peculiar character. Several writers have tried to explain the relationship between Heydrich and Himmler.

Both men were too complicated to conform to such simple analysis. Both were driven characters with deep-seated childhood complexes of inadequacy and they operated within a shifting minefield of power rivalries; neither was what he seemed Himmler and Heydrich were a partnership and after more than a decade of success that virtually moulded the Nazi revolution they knew each other's strengths and weaknesses and each his position vis-a-vis the other as intimately as the partners in a marriage; as in a marriage no doubt the relationship changed and shifted subtly from time to time.

Michael Burleigh , the author of The Third Reich: A New History claimed that the SS was "Himmler's mind projected on an institutional canvas, while the operational style largely derived from Heydrich Himmler's more outre obsessions should not distract from his manifestly astute grasp of how this highly chaotic and protean political system worked.

Routinely out-manoeuvring his foes, his empire spread between the interstices of state, Party and army, throughout Germany, and then across the whole of occupied Europe. His manner may have been distracted and unassuming, but the coldness, moralising, prying and suspicion kept him in absolute control of subordinates, whose own utter ruthlessness was accompanied by human frailties which Himmler lacked. Richard Evans argues that Heydrich "became perhaps more universally and cordially feared and disliked than any other leading figure in the Nazi regime" and had the qualities that Himmler needed: "Unsentimental, cold, efficient, power-hungry and utterly convinced that the end justified the means, he soon won Himmler over to his ambitious vision of the SS and its Security Service as the core of a comprehensive new system of policing and control They went on to take over the political police service in one federated state after another, with the backing of the centralizing Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick.

Walter Schellenberg who was able to observe both men at work has pointed out that Heydrich was the "hidden pivot around which the Nazi regime revolved He was far superior to all his political colleagues and controlled them as he controlled the vast intelligence machine of the SD. Even with me he expressed no kind word, no word of tenderness". Himmler was subordinate to the Sturm Abteilung SA. This brought him into conflict with the Ernst Roehm. Himmler continued to build up his power base by establishing his own secret civilian security organization, the Sicherheitsdienst SD and placed Reinhard Heydrich at its head.

In Himmler sold the house and poultry farm in Waldtrudering and moved into a flat close to Hitler's apartment. He also purchased a large villa at Gmund on the Tegernsee , a lake south-east of Munich enclosed by mountains. Marga Himmler established herself there with Gudrun, whom they called "Puppi". The following year they adopted a boy named Gerhard von Ahe.

On 27th February, , someone set fire to the Reichstag. Several people were arrested including a leading, Georgi Dimitrov , general secretary of the Comintern , the international communist organization. Dimitrov was eventually acquitted but a young man from the Netherlands, Marianus van der Lubbe , was eventually executed for the crime. As a teenager Lubbe had been a communist and Hermann Goering used this information to claim that the Reichstag Fire was part of a KPD plot to overthrow the government.

Adolf Hitler gave orders that all leaders of the German Communist Party should "be hanged that very night. KPD candidates in the election were arrested and Goering announced that the Nazi Party planned "to exterminate" German communists. Himmler was placed in charge of the operation, whereas Theodor Eicke became commandant of the first camp and eventually took overall control of the system.

He appointed Rudolf Diels as his deputy. The Gestapo The purge was complete, not only in the police but also in the magistrature and among the State officials. A law was passed that The organization was gradually enlarged and reorganzed so that it could "deal with political police tasks in parallel with or instead of normal police authorities". Now the whole police apparatus was firmly in SS hands. In May , Himmler met Oswald Pohl and told him he was looking for an officer to take over the administrative and financial side of the SS. At first Pohl rejected the offer as he was happy in the navy and headed a staff of over hundred men at Kiel.

Pohl later wrote: "Himmler became very insistent and wrote me one letter after another urging that I take over the administrative organisation of the SS. In December and January , he invited me to Berlin and Munich, and showed me the whole SS administrative set-up and the many complex problems that were involved. It was only in February , after I saw what a big job was in store for me, that I finally accepted. Pohl joined Himmler's personal staff as chief of the administrative section.

I started by installing administrative commands in various key cities, and I selected personnel who would be fit for their jobs. I inaugurated schools that taught these administrative officials for a few weeks before they were dispatched to take over my branch offices all over Germany. I achieved a sound administration in the SS, with orderly bookkeeping and financial sections. Adrian Weale , the author of The SS: A New History : "Before January , much of the SS's funding had come from membership dues, with occasional subsidies from party headquarters for special projects, but as it began to take over state functions, it increasingly became eligible for state funding.

It was in this area that Pohl really made his mark. Despite the supposedly revolutionary nature of the National Socialist government, expenditure still had to be justified, budgets formulated and fiscal probity maintained to the satisfaction of both the civil service and the party. Pohl, drawing on his long experience in naval administration, succeeded in achieving all of this. In addition, he established relationships between his office and the various departments and ministries on whom the SS depended for its budget: the party treasury, the Finance Ministry, the Ministry of the Interior; the Army Ministry and so forth.

By Adolf Hitler appeared to have complete control over Germany, but like most dictators, he constantly feared that he might be ousted by others who wanted his power. Albert Speer pointed out in his book, Inside the Third Reich : "After there quickly formed various rival factions that held divergent views, spied on each other, and held each other in contempt. A mixture of scorn and dislike became the prevailing mood within the party. Each new dignitary rapidly gathered a circle of intimates around him.

Thus Himmler associated almost exclusively with his SS following, from whom he could count on unqualified respect As an intellectual Goebbels looked down on the crude philistines of the leading group in Munich, who for their part made fun of the conceited academic's literary ambitions. Goering considered neither the Munich philistines nor Goebbels sufficiently aristocratic for him and therefore avoided all social relations with them; whereas Himmler, filled with the elitist missionary zeal of the SS felt far superior to all the others.

One of the consequences of this policy was that these men developed a dislike for each other. Roehm was particularly hated because as leader of the Sturm Abteilung SA he had tremendous power and had the potential to remove any one of his competitors. Himmler asked Reinhard Heydrich to assemble a dossier on Roehm. Industrialists such as Albert Voegler , Gustav Krupp , Alfried Krupp , Fritz Thyssen and Emile Kirdorf , who had provided the funds for the Nazi victory, were unhappy with Roehm's socialistic views on the economy and his claims that the real revolution had still to take place.

Adolf Hitler was also aware that Roehm and the SA had the power to remove him. Hermann Goering and Heinrich Himmler played on this fear by constantly feeding him with new information on Roehm's proposed coup. Their masterstroke was to claim that Gregor Strasser , whom Hitler hated, was part of the planned conspiracy against him. Himmler along with his loyal assistants, Reinhard Heydrich , Kurt Daluege and Walter Schellenberg , drew up a list of people outside the SA that they wanted killed.

Snyder argues: "Hitler later alleged that his trusted friend Roehm had entered a conspiracy to take over political power. On June, Hitler came to his final decision to eliminate the socialist element in the party. A list of hundreds of victims was prepared. On 29th June, During the next 24 hours other senior SA officers were arrested on the way to the meeting. Behind him were two detectives with pistols at the ready. I hear Lutze putting in a good word for him with Hitler.

Then Hitler walks up to him, greets him, shakes hand with his wife and asks them to leave the hotel, it isn't a pleasant place for them to stay in, that day. Now the bus arrives. He walks past Hitler with his head bowed, completely apathetic. Himmler ordered Theodor Eicke to carry out the task. According to Paul R. Maracin , The author of The Night of the Long Knives: Forty-Eight Hours that Changed the History of the World : "Ten minutes later, SS officers Michael Lippert and Theodor Eicke appeared, and as the embittered, scar-faced veteran of verdun defiantly stood in the middle of the cell stripped to the waist, the two SS officers riddled his body with revolver bullets.

According to Louis L. He described Hitler's sense of shock at the moral degeneracy of his oldest comrades.

As a result of this purge the SS was now the principal instrument of internal rule in Germany. Now that Himmler was leader of his own independent SS, he could expand the organization. By the end of it had , members. Eventually, Himmler came to the conclusion that the mass recruitment which had taken place was very damaging to the elite status of the SS and so in over , SS men were discharged on moral, racial and physical grounds.

Himmler now introduced a complex five year enrolment procedure. Having been declared physically and racially suitable for SS membership, an eighteen-year-old youth became an applicant bewerber. At the end of his probationary period he swore the oath of alliance to Adolf Hitler. At twenty-one he became liable for military service which lasted two years. It was only on his return to civilian life that he became a full SS man. The typical part-time member of the SS gave up one evening a week for ideological work and training.

One afternoon, usually Wednesday or Saturday, was set aside for physical training and sport. One weekend in each month an SS man had to spend Saturday afternoon and Sunday on military training, important elements of which were drill, crowd control and shooting. This smart and disciplined para-military force enabled the Nazi Party to maintain a large auxiliary police force at nominal cost. The SS could be called out at short notice in case of a national emergency such as an anti-Nazi putsch, a demonstration or a trade union dispute.

The SS were also used to help the police with crowd control and security arrangements for a visit by Hitler or any other prominent member of the Nazi Party. SS headquarters in Berlin would summon SS men to duty with a printed postcard. An SS man's employee was forbidden by law to prevent or hinder his employee from responding to such a summons. On 17th June, , Hitler designated Himmler as head of the unified police system of the Third Reich. He was also put in charge of the Gestapo. As Nazi power spread so did the fearsome reputation of the Gestapo.

Backed by the system of concentration camps and by his right under the law to extract confessions by beating, the Gestapo man in the leather overcoat and dark, snap-brim hat became a figure of terror. The strict hierarchy was progressively modeled on that of the S. The partitioning of powers was reinforced by the protection of secrecy. Discretion was one of the basic principles of S. It constituted one of the essential bases of the Gestapo which Himmler, as he had done with the S. Himmler was in overall control of the concentration camps in Germany.

Hermann Langbein , the author of Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps has pointed out: "National Socialism replaced democratic institutions with a system of command and obedience, the so-called Fuhrer principle, and it was this system that the Nazis installed in their concentration camps. It goes without saying that any command by a member of the SS had to be unconditionally carried out by all prisoners.

Refusal or hesitation was liable to lead to a cruel death. The camp administration not only saw to it that every command was carried out, but also held inmates assigned to certain jobs responsible for completing them. In this way it facilitated its own work and was also able to play one prisoner off against another Each unit housing prisoners, whether a barrack or a brick building, was called a block. The camp administration held a senior block inmate Blockdltester responsible for enforcing discipline, keeping order, and carrying out all commands.

If a dwelling unit was divided into rooms, a senior block inmate was assisted by senior barracks inmates and their staff. A senior camp inmate Lageraltester was responsible for the operation of the entire camp, and it was he who proposed the appointment of senior block inmates to the officer-in-charge. Langbein, who was an inmate in Dachau , explained that each work group was headed by a capo trusty. Capos, senior block inmates, and senior camp inmates were identified by an armband with the appropriate inscription.

These armband wearers, as they were generally called, were under the protection of the camp administration, often enjoyed extensive privileges, and as a rule had unlimited power over those under them. This is to be taken literally, for if an armband wearer killed an underling, he did not with a few exceptions have to answer to anyone, provided a timely report of the death was made and the roll call was corrected.

An ordinary prisoner was completely at the mercy of his capo and senior block inmate. Heinrich Himmler argued that: "These approximately 40, German political and professional criminals We have appointed so-called capos here; one of these is the supervisor responsible for thirty, forty, or a hundred other prisoners.

  • Himmler the Evil Genius of the Third Reich by Willi Frischauer - AbeBooks?
  • Memoirs of a WAAF.
  • Publisher Description!
  • Lets Look at a Bulldozer!;
  • Cash on Delivery: A New Approach to Foreign Aid.

The moment he is made a capo, he no longer sleeps where they do. He is responsible for getting the work done, for making sure that there is no sabotage, that people are clean and the beds are of good construction So he has to spur his men on. The minute we're dissatisfied with him, he is no longer a capo and bunks with his men again. He knows that they will then kill him during the first night. Inmates had to wear a coloured symbol to indicate their category. This included political prisoners red , convicts greens , Jews yellow , homosexuals pink , Jehovah's Witnesses violet and what the Nazis described as anti-socials black.

The anti-social group included gypsies and prostitutes. The Schutzstaffel SS preferred those with a criminal record to be capos. As Hermann Langbein has pointed out: "As a rule the SS bestowed armbands on prisoners they could expect to be willing tools in return for their privileged status. As soon as German convicts arrived in the camps the SS preferred them to morally stable men. Himmler spent very little time with his wife.

Lina Heydrich suggested that Himmler was embarrassed by her appearance: "Size 50 knickers, that's all there was to her. In Heinrich Himmler began an affair with his young secretary, Hedwig Potthast. When he was just two years old he suffered a serious lung infection and his mother took him to a mountain village where the air was pure. He was frequently ill and it has been claimed that as a result he was "overindulged". According to his first biographer, Willi Frischauer , the author of Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich , in the evenings after dinner in the Himmler home, Professor Himmler would read to the boys from books on German history.

By the time he entered secondary school he could recite the names and dates of all the famous battles and rivalled his teachers in knowledge of Germany's military past. George Wolfgang Hallgarten recalls that while at school Himmler "was of scarcely average size, but downright podgy, with an uncommonly milk-white complexion, fairly short hair, and already wearing gold-rimmed glasses on his rather sharp nose; not infreqently he showed a half-embarrassed, half-sardonic smile either to excuse his short-sightedness or to stress a certain superiority.

Peter Padfield , the author of Himmler: Reichsfuhrer S. The tone was set by the Prussian military which had unified and now ruled the empire. The ideal was the warrior-hero of spartan simplicity In such a society more than most, Himmler must have despised himself for his short sight, awkward, unathletic body, constitutional weakness and physical ineptitude, perhaps even have despised his father for being a civilian or one or other of his parents for handing him down his hateful qualities; and the periods of torture at Haggenmuller's hands must have driven these feelings of inferiority deep.

Heinrich attended his father's school and it was not long before he was being bullied by the other students. For a boy brought up by his father on tales of historic battles, he was fascinated by the outbreak of the First World War. Bavarian troops were very brave in the rough battle The French and Belgians scarcely thought they would be chopped up so fast. The following month he was writing: "Now it's going along famously. I'm pleased about these victories, the more so because the French and especially the English are angry about them and the anger is not exactly insignificant.

Falk his friend at school and I would like best of all to be fighting it out with them. Just look how the Germans An English cavalry brigade has been thrashed I'm glad! In Himmler joined the Jugendwehr Youth Defence which provided instruction in military subjects. He also started a daily regime of dumbbell exercises to strengthen his muscles. He also started a collection of newspaper cuttings about the war. Himmler was desperate to become involved in the war effort and on 6th October, the day before his seventeenth birthday, he left school to work at the War Welfare Office.

Two months later he joined the 11th Bavarian Infantry Regiment. Himmler's hopes of being a German officer on the Western Front ended with the defeat of the country in November Himmler returned to Regensburg where he joined the recently formed Bayerische Volkspartei BVP , a right-wing nationalist organization setup to rally the conservative forces of the middle class and the rural workers against the communists and socialists.

Himmler wrote to his father and advised him to join the BVP as it was the "only hope" for the country. I don't know how it is in Landshut. Don't let mother go out alone at night. Not without protection. Be careful in your letters. You can't be sure. The leadership of the KPD was determined to avoid any repetition of the events in the capital when January, when its leaders, Karl Liebknecht , Rosa Luxemburg and Leo Jogiches , were murdered by the authorities.

Levine was instructed that "any occasion for military action by government troops must be strictly avoided". He reported back to Berlin that he had about 3, members of the KPD under his control. On hearing the news, Heinrich Himmler returned home and joined the Freikorps Landshut and became aide to the commanding officer. However, before he could see action, Friedrich Ebert , the president of Germany , arranged for 30, Freikorps, under the command of General Burghard von Oven , to take Munich. On 1st May, , the Freikorps entered the city and over the next two days Oven's troops easily defeated the Red Guards.

Once again Himmler was denied the active service he craved. In he began studying agriculture at Munich Technical College. The following year he spent time working on a farm at Fridolfing. During this time he took a vow of chastity. In a diary entry he contrasted two types of people, "the melancholic, stern, among which I include myself", and the easy-going, hot-blooded sort who followed their desires without too much thought or sense of responsibility. Himmler did find himself attracted to one woman, named Inge Barco.

He was horrified when he discovered she was Jewish. Like many people in Germany at the time, he held strong anti-Semitic views: "She is a quiet girl, not vain or toffee-nosed, places some value on good manners. No one would know she was a dancer. She is Viennese, but a Jewess, has however absolutely nothing of the Jew in her manner, at least so far as one can judge. At first I made several remarks about Jews, I ruled her out as one She is no longer innocent as she freely admits.

But she has given her body only from love. With the other leaders in prison, Gregor Strasser became the most significant figure in the Nazi Party. He joined forces with his brother, Otto Strasser , to establish the Berliner Arbeiter Zeitung , a left-wing newspaper, that advocated world revolution. It also supported Lenin and the Bolshevik government in the Soviet Union. Later that year, Strasser was elected to the Bavarian Legislature. Louis L. Snyder , has argued: "In this capacity he proved to be an able organizer, an indefatigable if weak speaker, a shrewd politician, and a lover of action Using his parliamentary immunity to protect him from libel suits and holding a free railway pass, he turned his energy to seeking the highest post in the National Socialist Party.

He would push Hitler aside and replace him. Strasser regarded himself as a proud intellectual who had far more to offer the party than the emotional and unstable Hitler. In July, , Himmler became Strasser's secretary. Himmler not only shared his own passionate convictions, enjoying immersing himself in paperwork and bringing order to files, as he had at the student organisation, but he had learned to type after a fashion on a machine the family used at home, and he had his motorbike which enabled him to visit the remoter branches of the district.

Otto Strasser later described his first impressions of Himmler: "A remarkable fellow. Comes from a strong Catholic family, but does not want to know anything from the Church. Looks like a half-starved shrew. But keen I tell you, incredibly keen.

Character Information

He has a motorbike. He is under way the whole day - from one farm to another - from one village to the next. Since I've had him our weapons have really been put into shape. I tell you, he's a perfect arms-NCO. He visits all the secret depots. Himmler served as secretary to Gregor Strasser and was a member of the socialist wing of the party.

During this period he met Ernst Hanfstaengel who later wrote about him in his book, Hitler: The Missing Years : "He had a pale, round, expressionless face, almost Mongolian, and a completely inoffensive air. Nor in his early years did I ever hear him advocate the race theories of what he was to become the most notorious executive. He studied to become a veterinary surgeon, although I doubt if he had ever become fully qualified.

It was probably only part of the course he had taken as an agricultural administrator, but, for all I know, treating defenceless animals may have tended to develop that indifference to suffering which was to become his most frightening characteristic. He also served as propaganda leader of the Nazi Party. He immediately saw her as his ideal woman. His brother, Gebhard Himmler, claimed he was particularly attracted to her blonde hair and her blue eyes.

Spartacus Educational

If you are enjoying this article, please feel free to share. It has been claimed by Hugh Thomas that Himmler had great difficulty in finding girlfriends: "The simple truth was that despite the moral bluster of the diaries, he lacked confidence. His timidity was probably largely based on his awareness of his looks. However, any potential sense of inadequacy was translated into contempt for those who did not share his limitations Rather than consider his want of sexual success as undermining his masculinity, he grandly assumed the role of heroic defender of both men's and women's purity.

The girls are so far gone they no longer know what they are doing. It is the hot unconscious longing for the whole individual, for the satisfaction of a really powerful natural urge. For this reason it is also dangerous for the man, and involves so much responsibility. Depraved as they are of their will power, one could do anything with these girls and, at the same time one has to struggle with oneself.

  1. Nataraja Theory.
  2. Galaxy Riff!
  3. Chanson damour!

Otto Strasser claims that Marga, aged thirty-four, and therefore eight years older than Himmler, seduced him. Himmler told Strasser that she was the first woman with whom he had sexual relations. They married in July Margarete sold her share of the clinic and used the proceeds to buy a plot of land in Waldtrudering , near Munich , where they put up a prefabricated house. Peter Padfield has pointed out: "Margarete ran a clinic she had opened with her father's money in Berlin. Apparently she distrusted conventional medicine; she was more interested in homeopathy, hypnosis, the old herbal remedies of the country.

Despite having set herself up in Berlin, a sink of decadence according to his ideas, she apparently shared all his views of the good life of the land, so much so that she was prepared to sell her clinic and buy a smallholding to work with him. She was named after a character in a novel written by Himmler's favourite writer, Werner Jansen. Heinrich Himmler was a devout follower of Adolf Hitler and believed that he was the Messiah that was destined to lead Germany to greatness.

Hitler, who was always vulnerable to flattery, decided in January, , that Himmler should become the new leader of his personal bodyguard, the Schutzstaffel SS. At that time it consisted of men. Himmler personally vetted all applicants to make sure that all were good "Aryan" types. Himmler later remembered that: "In those days we assembled the most magnificent Aryan manhood in the SS-Verfugungstruppe. We even turned down a man if he had one tooth filled.

I was considerably taller than him and had already been awarded the Iron Cross first and second class, and I had been an officer in one of the best and oldest regiments of the German Army - the Hessian Lifeguard Infantry Regiment in Darmstadt. On the other hand Himmler had no war decorations and had nothing in common with the front soldier; his whole bearing was rather sly and unmilitary, but he was very well read and tried to engage our interest with his acquired knowledge, and to enthuse us with the tasks of the SS.

It has been claimed that the reason for this was that Himmler wanted to please senior officers in the German Army. Others have suggested that it was his links with bankers and industrialists that was important. Walter Dornberger also met him during this period. Under a brow of average height, two grey-blue eyes looked at me, behind glittering pince-nez, with an air of peaceful interrogation. The trimmed moustache below the straight, well-shaped nose traced a dark line on his unhealthy, pale features. The lips were colourless and very thin. Only the conspicuous receding chin surprised me.

The skin of his neck was flaccid and wrinkled. With a broadening of his constant set smile, faintly mocking and sometimes contemptuous about the corners of the mouth, two rows of excellent white teeth appeared between the thin lips. His slender, pale, almost girlishly soft hands, covered with veins, lay motionless on the table throughout our conversation Himmler possessed the rare gift of attentive listening.

Sitting back with legs crossed, he wore throughout the same amiable expression. His questions showed that he unerringly grasped what the technicians told him out of the wealth of their knowledge. The talk turned to war and the important questions in all our minds. He answered calmly and candidly. It was only at rare moments that, sitting with his elbows resting on the arms of the chair, he emphasised his words by tapping the tips of his fingers together. He was a man of quiet unemotional gestures. A man without words.

Hugh Thomas has argued: "The pattern of a lifetime was established.

  • The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich?
  • Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich - Willi Frischauer - Google книги!
  • Heinrich Himmler.
  • Gene Pool: Unnatural Selection.
  • Two Mommas: Bedtime Stories I.
  • Bestselling Series.

He was a man of no outstanding intellectual gifts other than his memory, and no physical attraction, who set out to dominate the lives and minds of others. He was goaded by an unpleasant combination of ambition and officiousness that he disguised as high moral purpose. That he succeeded so well, then in a modest way, but later on a scale which brought disaster to mankind, must be attributed partly to hereditary make-up, and partly to the indoctrination of his father, which left him with exaggerated ideas of his own importance.

It has been claimed that he was impressed by Heydrich's "Nordic" appearance.

Hitler's Supernatural Rise to Power? - National Geographic

The Nazi Party decided to have its own intelligence and security body and so Himmler was asked to create the SD Sicherheitsdienst. On 1st August, , Heydrich became the head of the organization and it was kept distinct from the uniformed SS Schutzstaffel. It has been claimed that Heydrich got the job because of his experience in Naval intelligence.

Himmler: The Evil Genius of the Third Reich

However, Mark M. Boatner III has argued that Himmler had made his decision "not realizing he had been in signals, not naval intelligence. Himmler established the Security Service to investigate the claims. At first Heydrich had few resources to carry out his work. According to Andrew Mollo , the author of To The Death's Head: The Story of the SS : "On a kitchen table, with a borrowed typewriter, a pot of glue, scissors and some files, Heydrich, now leader of the Security Service Leiter des Sicherheitsdienstes , aided by his landlady and some out-of-work SS men, began to gather information on what the Nazis referred to as the 'radical opposition'.

Top of the list were the political churches, Freemasons, Jews and Marxists. A titillating side-line was homosexuality and 'mattress affairs' both inside and out of the Nazi Party. Heydrich then toured the SS regional commands throughout Germany, and on his return began to recruit men of his own age and background into the SD.

In contrast to the typical Nazi 'Lumpenpack' Heydrich sought bright young university graduates whose career prospects had been dimmed by depression. It was these young intellectuals from good families who were to give the SD its peculiar character. Several writers have tried to explain the relationship between Heydrich and Himmler. Both men were too complicated to conform to such simple analysis.

Both were driven characters with deep-seated childhood complexes of inadequacy and they operated within a shifting minefield of power rivalries; neither was what he seemed Himmler and Heydrich were a partnership and after more than a decade of success that virtually moulded the Nazi revolution they knew each other's strengths and weaknesses and each his position vis-a-vis the other as intimately as the partners in a marriage; as in a marriage no doubt the relationship changed and shifted subtly from time to time.

Michael Burleigh , the author of The Third Reich: A New History claimed that the SS was "Himmler's mind projected on an institutional canvas, while the operational style largely derived from Heydrich Himmler's more outre obsessions should not distract from his manifestly astute grasp of how this highly chaotic and protean political system worked.

Routinely out-manoeuvring his foes, his empire spread between the interstices of state, Party and army, throughout Germany, and then across the whole of occupied Europe. His manner may have been distracted and unassuming, but the coldness, moralising, prying and suspicion kept him in absolute control of subordinates, whose own utter ruthlessness was accompanied by human frailties which Himmler lacked. Richard Evans argues that Heydrich "became perhaps more universally and cordially feared and disliked than any other leading figure in the Nazi regime" and had the qualities that Himmler needed: "Unsentimental, cold, efficient, power-hungry and utterly convinced that the end justified the means, he soon won Himmler over to his ambitious vision of the SS and its Security Service as the core of a comprehensive new system of policing and control They went on to take over the political police service in one federated state after another, with the backing of the centralizing Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick.

Walter Schellenberg who was able to observe both men at work has pointed out that Heydrich was the "hidden pivot around which the Nazi regime revolved He was far superior to all his political colleagues and controlled them as he controlled the vast intelligence machine of the SD. Even with me he expressed no kind word, no word of tenderness". Himmler was subordinate to the Sturm Abteilung SA. This brought him into conflict with the Ernst Roehm. Himmler continued to build up his power base by establishing his own secret civilian security organization, the Sicherheitsdienst SD and placed Reinhard Heydrich at its head.

In Himmler sold the house and poultry farm in Waldtrudering and moved into a flat close to Hitler's apartment. He also purchased a large villa at Gmund on the Tegernsee , a lake south-east of Munich enclosed by mountains. Marga Himmler established herself there with Gudrun, whom they called "Puppi". The following year they adopted a boy named Gerhard von Ahe. On 27th February, , someone set fire to the Reichstag. Several people were arrested including a leading, Georgi Dimitrov , general secretary of the Comintern , the international communist organization. Dimitrov was eventually acquitted but a young man from the Netherlands, Marianus van der Lubbe , was eventually executed for the crime.

As a teenager Lubbe had been a communist and Hermann Goering used this information to claim that the Reichstag Fire was part of a KPD plot to overthrow the government. Adolf Hitler gave orders that all leaders of the German Communist Party should "be hanged that very night. KPD candidates in the election were arrested and Goering announced that the Nazi Party planned "to exterminate" German communists. Himmler was placed in charge of the operation, whereas Theodor Eicke became commandant of the first camp and eventually took overall control of the system.

He appointed Rudolf Diels as his deputy. The Gestapo The purge was complete, not only in the police but also in the magistrature and among the State officials. A law was passed that The organization was gradually enlarged and reorganzed so that it could "deal with political police tasks in parallel with or instead of normal police authorities". Now the whole police apparatus was firmly in SS hands. In May , Himmler met Oswald Pohl and told him he was looking for an officer to take over the administrative and financial side of the SS. At first Pohl rejected the offer as he was happy in the navy and headed a staff of over hundred men at Kiel.

Pohl later wrote: "Himmler became very insistent and wrote me one letter after another urging that I take over the administrative organisation of the SS. In December and January , he invited me to Berlin and Munich, and showed me the whole SS administrative set-up and the many complex problems that were involved. It was only in February , after I saw what a big job was in store for me, that I finally accepted. Pohl joined Himmler's personal staff as chief of the administrative section. I started by installing administrative commands in various key cities, and I selected personnel who would be fit for their jobs.

I inaugurated schools that taught these administrative officials for a few weeks before they were dispatched to take over my branch offices all over Germany. I achieved a sound administration in the SS, with orderly bookkeeping and financial sections. Adrian Weale , the author of The SS: A New History : "Before January , much of the SS's funding had come from membership dues, with occasional subsidies from party headquarters for special projects, but as it began to take over state functions, it increasingly became eligible for state funding.

It was in this area that Pohl really made his mark. Despite the supposedly revolutionary nature of the National Socialist government, expenditure still had to be justified, budgets formulated and fiscal probity maintained to the satisfaction of both the civil service and the party. Pohl, drawing on his long experience in naval administration, succeeded in achieving all of this. In addition, he established relationships between his office and the various departments and ministries on whom the SS depended for its budget: the party treasury, the Finance Ministry, the Ministry of the Interior; the Army Ministry and so forth.

By Adolf Hitler appeared to have complete control over Germany, but like most dictators, he constantly feared that he might be ousted by others who wanted his power. Albert Speer pointed out in his book, Inside the Third Reich : "After there quickly formed various rival factions that held divergent views, spied on each other, and held each other in contempt. A mixture of scorn and dislike became the prevailing mood within the party. Each new dignitary rapidly gathered a circle of intimates around him.

Thus Himmler associated almost exclusively with his SS following, from whom he could count on unqualified respect As an intellectual Goebbels looked down on the crude philistines of the leading group in Munich, who for their part made fun of the conceited academic's literary ambitions. Goering considered neither the Munich philistines nor Goebbels sufficiently aristocratic for him and therefore avoided all social relations with them; whereas Himmler, filled with the elitist missionary zeal of the SS felt far superior to all the others. One of the consequences of this policy was that these men developed a dislike for each other.

Roehm was particularly hated because as leader of the Sturm Abteilung SA he had tremendous power and had the potential to remove any one of his competitors. Himmler asked Reinhard Heydrich to assemble a dossier on Roehm. Industrialists such as Albert Voegler , Gustav Krupp , Alfried Krupp , Fritz Thyssen and Emile Kirdorf , who had provided the funds for the Nazi victory, were unhappy with Roehm's socialistic views on the economy and his claims that the real revolution had still to take place. Adolf Hitler was also aware that Roehm and the SA had the power to remove him.

Hermann Goering and Heinrich Himmler played on this fear by constantly feeding him with new information on Roehm's proposed coup. Their masterstroke was to claim that Gregor Strasser , whom Hitler hated, was part of the planned conspiracy against him. Himmler along with his loyal assistants, Reinhard Heydrich , Kurt Daluege and Walter Schellenberg , drew up a list of people outside the SA that they wanted killed.

Snyder argues: "Hitler later alleged that his trusted friend Roehm had entered a conspiracy to take over political power.

Shelf Items

On June, Hitler came to his final decision to eliminate the socialist element in the party. A list of hundreds of victims was prepared. On 29th June, During the next 24 hours other senior SA officers were arrested on the way to the meeting. Behind him were two detectives with pistols at the ready. I hear Lutze putting in a good word for him with Hitler. Then Hitler walks up to him, greets him, shakes hand with his wife and asks them to leave the hotel, it isn't a pleasant place for them to stay in, that day.

Related Searches. Backed by powerful, rich men in Moscow, General Nikolai Petrosky has been brought back from Backed by powerful, rich men in Moscow, General Nikolai Petrosky has been brought back from disgrace and a dead-end assignment and placed in charge of Pandora.

His mission, to capture a creature once thought to be only a myth.

Spartacus Educational

A Krailiak. View Product. Absolute Evil Book Three : Undercurrents. She often finds herself watching Time passes by and Yvonne still serves the Mission, experiencing a unique sense of accomplishment. Every day she receives incredible yet clear signs which confirm her Mission in this world; now she can recognize there is a deep section in the It takes up and expands Break the Code of the Evil Empire Book. Success starts with a sharper mind! As indicated on the As indicated on the cover, this book contains 7, HARD - including long, college level spelling words - Scramblex puzzles.