codienvietnam.com/includes Over 40 years, William Piasio — from Biel built up an impressive collection of items from film history. In the second decade of its existence, the medium of film starts incorporating the train as a narrative element. Edwin Stanton Porter — was an American film pioneer. He is best known as a producer, director, studio manager, and cinematographer with the Edison Manufacturing Company and the Famous Players Film Company. Vom Dokument zum Spielfilm. From documentary to fiction. The relationship remains explosive as the train becomes a regular protagonist of American Western movies.
Neither he nor his co-director Wallace McCutcheon were credited for this film. Die Kamera als treue Begleiterin des Zugs. The Bel Air train station of the Vincennes— Petite Ceinture line served as a testing ground for some of the earliest phantom rides. He is considered the inventor of narrative fiction film and of the stop-motion technique. He also experimented with the railway, giving us one of the first phantom rides in film history.
Spectators are taken on a journey to Monreale Italy in this phantom ride. Nothing else is known about the film. Ein Grund, sie filmisch festzuhalten. The greatest achievement of railway engineering was also recorded on celluloid. A good reason to capture it on film. This historic Swiss phantom ride comes from a Dutch archive. The spectators get to witness this pioneering achievement in the far North as phantom riders. The creator of this tinted film copy is not known.
The movie was meant to introduce the Northern landscape to an audience from Southern Sweden. The Swedish Film Institute restored and digitalized the film. Der Eisenbahntunnel erhielt bereits in den Anfangsjahren der Filmgeschichte eine romantische Bedeutung der Zweisamkeit unterwegs, wie hier im Beispiel aus Frankreich.
Early on in the history of film, the railway tunnel was given a romantic meaning of intimacy on the move, as in this example from France. Possibly the most charming version of the tunnel moment, this film was found in the Cineteca di Bologna without further information. Our cinematic ode to the railway ends here. Courtland Hector Hoppin — was an American artist, photographer, and pioneer in the field of animated film.
His British partner Anthony Gross — was a printmaker, painter, and filmmaker. Musical scores selected, compiled, and arranged by Reto Parolari. Kurz im Himmel Wir wussten nichts, hatten nichts, konnten uns noch fast alles erlauben und machten einfach mal drauflos. Die Sitzungen dauerten Stunden, aber kein Problem — damals durfte man noch rauchen. Die Zelluloidstreifen verhedderten sich oft furchtbar und rissen. Der erste Regisseur, der einen Preis erhielt, war ein Asylbewerber.
Bei uns funktionierte das nicht, wir mussten alles rauf und runter diskutieren. Unser Enthusiasmus kannte keine Grenzen. Ein paar Kinder sind daraus auch entstanden. Liebe war uns wichtiger als ein Chef. Effizient war das nicht, einfach auch nicht. Die erste Stelle mit so etwas wie einem offizi-. Wer den Job hatte, hatte es schwer, wurde von den Lautsprechern und Grossmuftis gnadenlos versklavt. Kurz im Himmel zeigt zwei Stunden lang ein bisschen dies und das von damals. Niels Walter, i.
Kurz im Himmel We knew nothing, we had nothing, we got away with nearly everything, and we just went with the flow. The meetings went on for hours, but no problem — smoking was still allowed back then. The office, which felt about two square metres big, looked like a paper recycling collection point. International correspondence was conducted by fax.
We put chairs and a half-metre high platform in a room that was much too low; in the middle, there were projectors for 35mm, 16mm, and 8mm, plus a VHS recorder, and we constructed a little den around them with blankets. The celluloid strips would often get terribly tangled and break. The first director to win a prize was an asylum seeker. Seats could not be booked in advance, and when we finally discussed this sensitive issue, we nearly tore each other to pieces.
After several motions to reconsider and petitions to reevaluate, we decided to presell Everything was of the utmost importance: the ticket prices, the screening times, the film selection, the programme titles. Today, this would be a simple, practical decision: people enter the venue through the door before the screening, and they leave through the same door afterwards.
There was no limit to our enthusiasm. We had no Artistic Director, but we had sex with each other. A few children were made this way, too. Love was more important to us than having a boss. We struggled against any kind of hierarchy. For years, there was no festival director, artistic or otherwise. Everybody had a say, everybody signed letters and contracts, everybody answered the phone.
It was neither efficient nor easy. There were mighty fractions, hidden hierarchies, secret bosses the men! At some point, we finally agreed that the office, at least, had to function. The first job that resembled a leading position — and paid a breadline wage — was called. The person holding the job had a hard life, mercilessly enslaved by those with bigger mouths.
Kurz im Himmel is two hours in heaven, presenting a little bit of this and a little bit of that from the past. Niels Walter, on behalf of the commune. Der Rundgang startet beim FestivalZentrum Casinotheater k. Vom 9. November stehen vor dem Casino-. Enjoy this stroll down memory lane! Der Rundgang 1. November luden die Kurzfilmtage zu ihrer ersten Ausgabe. Damals waren gerade mal Filmfans in der alten Kaserne zugegen.
Und dann noch eine Bis heute sind die Kurzfilmtage zu einem der wichtigsten Kurzfilmfestivals weltweit avanciert. Ausgabe nun werfen wir einen Blick auf die Geschichte des Festivals. Vom 1. Projektleitung: Berni Michel, Josephine Tedder.
Verwendungsgenehmigung noch ausstand, haben wir schnell selbst eine Betonfassade hochgezogen. Sonne, Mond und den Meister-Maurer. Genau: Mini-Solarroboter-Bau Beutel, Sack 2. We had no Artistic Director, but we had sex with each other.
A mere film fans came to Alte Kaserne at the time. The Kurzfilmtage has since evolved into one of the most significant short film festivals worldwide. The tour starts at the festival centre at Casinotheater k. From 9 to 13 November, rickshaws with bilingual audio guides. The Tour 1. Spikus Spielwaren: Tales from the film forest for kids and teenagers Stadthausstrasse Stadtbibliothek Winterthur: Where does this k.
Obere Kirchgasse 6 5. Rahmelade AG: 20 years in trailers and making-ofs outdoors Stadthausstrasse This project was made possible with the help of the City-Vereinigung Junge Altstadt and the generous hospitality of the involved businesses and institutions. Einzig im Sitzen kann man sie nicht geniessen. Kommet und feiert mit! Abendkasse: CHF Come and party with us! Admission: CHF Der Internationale Wettbewerb deckt ein sehr breites Spektrum des Kurzfilms ab.
Jazra Khaleeds. Im Schweizer Wettbewerb ist auch dieses Jahr der Dokumentarfilm mit seinen diversen Facetten sehr gut vertreten, womit die Tradition dieser Gattung weiter gefestigt wird. Die fiktionalen Filme bestechen durch ihre Eigenwilligkeit und bieten starke filmische Visionen, die vom Drang, neue Wege zu gehen, zeugen. Es gibt aber auch neue Gesichter und Talente. Mutig gehen sie neue Wege und lassen auf den Schweizer Filmnachwuchs hoffen.
John Canciani. International Competition and Swiss Competition For 20 years now, the Internationale Kurzfilmtage Winterthur has dedicated itself to short films. The Swiss and International Competitions are the heart of the festival, showing contemporary films. We detect new trends and movements, thus offering new points of reference to our audience.
This year, we are showing 40 films in the International Competition and 14 in the Swiss Competition. The International Competition covers a wide range of short films, offering an impressive variety of aesthetic approaches as well as addressing numerous social and political issues. A striking number of films are concerned with postcolonial themes.
The central question of where we come from and who we are is explored by looking back at our own past and its traditions. Language plays a crucial role in many films, whether in the form of poems, letters, or narratives. All of these films have one thing in common: they activate the points of reference in our memory, which are shaped by history and by media images. The fiction films in the competition are diverse, original, sometimes mystical, and often playful. There was a wide choice of highquality documentaries, not all of which could be included in the competition.
The fiction films are captivating and original, offering strong cinematic visions that indicate the urge to explore new territory. It is noticeable that the Swiss filmmakers have mastered the international language of cinema and are ready to compete with films from all over the world. Some familiar names return to the Swiss Competition: Luc Gut takes us on a psychedelic trip through our everyday working world.
Jonas Meier tells the story of Rob, who attempts to regain his normal life through a monotonous routine. Matteo Gariglio follows the Sepulveda family living near the football stadium of the Boca Juniors, where they get by with a life of petty crime. But there are new faces and talents, too. Six films coming from the four national film schools easily match the works of the more experienced filmmakers. They bravely explore new ground, showing the promise of the new generation of Swiss filmmakers. The films in the Swiss Competition primarily deal with the present and with approaches to social progress, focusing especially on society as a whole, which makes the films globally intelligible and relevant.
The Swiss Competition can confidently present itself to the jury and the audience. Gary Editor: Ja'Tovia M. Gary, Brooklyn, USA, jatovia. A cinematic meditation on transcendence as a means of resistance. Gary is a founding member of the New Negress Film Society, a collective that focuses on creating exhibition spaces for black women filmmakers. Somewhere in the English countryside, the government has kept a tree alive with great care.
It is the famous apple tree whose falling fruit supposedly inspired Isaac Newton to his theory of universal gravitation around In his work, he addresses the daily changes taking place in the historical, economic, political, and moral realms. By creating interventions and performances in public spaces, which are sometimes further developed with films and installations, he explores the city as a space of transformation.
Eine junge Frau verbringt den Abend allein zu Hause. A young woman spends the evening alone at home. She decides to give herself a treat, but not everything works out as smoothly as she imagined. Gewalt und Liebe sind fester Bestandteil ihres Lebens. By the river of oblivion, a lonely horseman passes through a village where children play with hidden desires and adults indulge in celebration.
Violence and love are integral parts of their lives. Dea Kulumbegashvili was born and raised in Georgia. Gabriel Abrantes b. Over the past 8 years, he has directed 18 short films that premiered at festivals such as Locarno Film Festival, the Berlinale, and Toronto IFF, among others, receiving a number of awards. Held every October in the city of Matsuyama, the Dogo Autumn Festival is one of the most violent religious festivals in Japan.
Eight teams of men carry massive wooden shrines weighing up to a ton, making them collide in a holy battle that leaves many injured and exhausted. Gaspard Kuentz was born in Paris in Vor Jahren hatte Ling einen Traum. Auch heute erinnert sie sich noch genau daran. Years ago, Ling had a dream.
She can still remember every detail. This film is an attempt to seek out the landscapes in his poems. Ryo Orikasa b. In , he received a fellowship in the overseas study program for artists by the Japanese Agency for Cultural Affairs. Hier unten ist deine Gabe nutzlos. Also werden wir dir die wunderbarsten Dinge zeigen. Du wirst mehr Erinnerungen haben als alle anderen. Dann wirst du schlafen. Du wirst nicht aufwachen. Aber du wirst die kostbarsten Erinnerungen an die Erde in dir tragen.
Down here, your gift is useless. And then, you will sleep. But you will carry the most precious memories from Earth. In addition to editing features and shorts, he designs film posters and directs short films. Doch als ihr engster Freund wortlos abhaut, sieht sich das alte Paar mit einem Dilemma konfrontiert: Sollen sie auch gehen? Oder doch bleiben und zu Ende bringen, was sie angefangen haben? Atimaley and Devi have a strange way of remembering those who leave their tiny village Rotha. But when their closest friend leaves without saying goodbye, the old couple face a dilemma.
Should they leave or stay and finish what they started? Based in Kathmandu, Pooja Gurung and Bibhusan Basnet have been working together for the past six years. Eines Tages beschliesst Syrien, zu gehen. Sie nimmt ihre geopolitische Lage und geht. One day, Syria decides to leave. She packs up her words and her personal affairs, her airspace and her ground troops. She takes her geopolitical position and she leaves. Jazra Khaleed is an Athens-based poet, translator, and editor. His works are protests against the injustices in contemporary Greece, especially the growing xenophobia and racism.
His poems have been translated for publications all over the world. Sicher, das ist immer noch Gottes Werk Two men write countless text messages while a tired girl is taking an avalanche of selfies. Houses are floating on the ocean. Gabriel Desplanque b. His work, which includes photography, drawing, installation, video, performance, and writing, has been exhibited at institutions in France and internationally, including the Centre Pompidou in Paris and the Loop Video Art Fair in Barcelona. Von drei arbeitslosen ehemaligen Minenarbeitern, die auszogen, eine neue Stelle zu finden.
An engaging drama about unemployed Shanxi coalminers looking for work. Jia Zhang-ke, born in Shanxi in , is a Chinese director, writer and producer. Most of his films have been screened at major European festivals. In his work, Jia often blurs the line between fiction and documentary. He also produces films by young directors. Nach zwei Monaten Dunkelheit geht erstmals die Sonne wieder auf.
The sun rises for the first time after two months of darkness. As it glides over the horizon, it is greeted with song and fireworks. After only thirteen minutes, dusk takes over again. The observing narrator tells the story of how he was tricked into giving up his human form to become what he is today — an image collector, a camera. A contemporary take on an old Inuit myth. Jakob Ohrt Nielsen is an artist and filmmaker who lives and works in London. His work has been screened and exhibited at various festivals and galleries around Europe.
Die Zwillingsschwestern Vera und Josefien verstehen sich blind und funktionieren als eigenes Universum. Twin sisters Vera and Josefien are two peas in a pod, forming a world of their own — until the day Vera decides to break out of their relationship. Malu Janssen b. She likes to experiment with genres and different visual styles.
Was geschieht, wenn Menschen hypnotisiert werden? Ein Mann und eine Frau begeben sich auf eine Reise ins kollektive Unbewusste. What happens when people are hypnotized? A man and a woman go on a journey into the collective unconscious, where they find images, sounds, and music from disparate sources that nevertheless add up to a whole. Jay Rosenblatt b. He is the recipient of a Guggenheim and a Rockefeller Fellowship.
His films have screened throughout the world and received numerous awards. Es ist Samstag und fast Sommer. Sie sind jung, sie haben Alkohol, ein Auto und Musik. The evening is ending and the mountains are casting shadows on the town. Five friends are getting ready for a night of fun. They are young, they have alcohol, a car, and music.
He studied advertising at Alicante University. Verbirg dich. Und auch keine Lastwagen. Stars, hide your fires, let not light see my black and deep desires. Nor a truck. Our statues continue to die as stones are worn out by the wind amidst the regional turbulence and its effects on our ancient ruins and artefacts. The broken inhabitants of the National Museum of Beirut remind us how frail these stones — and our history — can be. Joseph Namy b. He works with visual media and music, often addressing aspects of identity, memory, and power.
Oder sucht sie nach erotischer Freiheit? In tropical Recife, a Dutch architect studies the colonial past — or is she seeking erotic freedom? An ambitious actress is looking for a bigger challenge than Recife can offer. A respected musician wallows in melancholy self-abasement and hatred for the city he cannot live without. He started his career as an assistant director. The travel account of a foreigner in the Philippines of the early s is revived by a disembodied voice. Jon Lazam is an experimental filmmaker from the Philippines. He teaches theatre and film at a university north of Manila.
He also works for the stage, which accounts for his interest in the interplay between reality and artifice. Eine Hommage an die indigenen Frauen Kanadas, die den kanadischen Nationalismus dekonstruiert. Bilder der Natur alternieren mit Archivmaterial von indigenen Frauen, die in traditionellen Rollen vor Publikum auftreten und von denjenigen hinter der Kamera objektiviert werden.
Images of the natural world alternate with archival footage of indigenous women performing in traditional roles for an audience. The women are objectified by those behind the camera. But the film reverses the colonial perspective so that the indigenous women eventually emerge as grounded in reality, while the white audience appears curious and exotic. Michelle Latimer is an award-winning filmmaker, actress, and curator.
Her shorts and features have been screened at festivals around the world, including Toronto IFF, Cannes, and Sundance. Allen Widrigkeiten zum Trotz entscheidet er sich, seine Jugendliebe zu heiraten. He returns with a heroin addiction, while the camp is being torn apart by internal strife. Against all odds, he decides to marry his childhood sweetheart.
Mahdi Fleifel b. Ineinanderlaufende Kabel. Fotografien, Gesichter und Altare. Dann Maschinen und Gesten. Eine emotionale Darstellung eines Ortes, der all dies vereint. Joined cables. Pictures, faces, and altars. Machines and gestures. An emotional portrayal of a place that combines all of these elements. Aline Magrez was born in Brussels in Von weitem gefilmt, wird das Bild einer Insel kreativ manipuliert. Ein ganz normaler Arbeitstag im ZuluKulturdorf. An experimental film about the act of seeing. Filmed from a distance, the image of an island is creatively manipulated.
The object that we are looking at is subject to change, making it difficult to arrive at a final answer to the question of what we see. An ordinary day at a Zulu cultural village. Shaka, their star performer, expresses his frustrations to his coworkers as he sits on display for tourists. Eventually, his protest reaches Shakespearian proportions.
Christopher Becks makes films, sounds, installations, and performances. Emmanuel Lefrant lives and works in Paris. Samantha Nell is a South African writer, director, and producer based in Johannesburg. Director and screenwriter Michael Wahrmann was born in Montevideo in Fluctuations in the volume, tone quality, and length of sounds determine the image structures. Movement is created by the relationships between tiny units such as the cells of a mouse brain and the particles of inanimate matter.
Masahiro Tsutani b. After dedicating himself to dub, funk, free jazz, noise, and ethnic music, he started working with images, creating live performances with images and sounds as well as experimental films. His works have been shown at the Berlinale and the Tokyo Experimental Festival, among others. Somewhere between a hip-hop music video and an evangelist ad, this film contemplates the possibility of divinity in the age of technology and globalization.
As spirits are replaced with drones, the filmmaker converses with his muse, the fictional painter Chantri, in search of spiritual enlightenment. Korakrit Arunanondchai b. He lives in Bangkok and New York. The film walks a fine line between science fiction and documentary, deconstructing the imagery of Maya culture and their identity today. His individual and collaborative works have been shown at various festivals and exhibitions internationally.
He is part of the artist collective Astrovandalistas, and currently an artist fellow at Le Fresnoy in France. A photographic landscape starts moving to the rhythm of crickets chirping. It jumps forward and back, undergoing mutations caused partly by the cinematic and partly by the digital medium.
Siegfried Fruhauf was born in Grieskirchen, Austria, in After training as a commercial manager, he went on to study experimental visual design at the University of Arts and Industrial Design in Linz, where he has been a lecturer since In addition to his own film, video, and photo projects, he also organizes film and art events. His works have been shown at Cannes, Sundance, and the Berlinale, among other festivals.
Is this a morally questionable pleasure? Kim, a former soldier in South Korea, talks about his military service, which took him to the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Korea. Hayoun Kwon is a multimedia artist and documentary director from South Korea, who lives and works in France and Korea. She graduated from Le Fresnoy in France. Her films have received several awards and screened at a number of film festivals, including Rotterdam International Film Festival. Alle anderen sind ausgezogen und ihr Mann erscheint nicht wie versprochen zum Umzugstermin. Sie muss dort raus.
Eine junge Frau macht sich auf die Suche nach ihrem Vater, den sie nie kennengelernt hat. Unterwegs zeichnet sich ab, dass er bereits tot ist. With a small child and an absent husband, Raquel is the only one still living in a building in danger of collapse in Olinda. Everyone else has moved out and her husband fails to show up as promised.
She has to get out. A young woman sets off to find her father whom she never met. Along the way, she discovers that he is dead. Fellipe Fernandes b. In his dissertation, he studied the construction of spatial experience in film. This short film is his first work as a director and screenwriter. Beide lieben Frauen, beide stossen an gesellschaftliche Grenzen und finden Wege, diese auszuweiten. Two women write each other letters across continents and cultures. Both love women, both are faced with social constraints and find ways to push the boundaries.
A film about gender and social norms, between documentary and fiction. Carlos Motta b. His work has also been included in group exhibitions at numerous institutions, including the Guggenheim Museum New York. He was named a Guggenheim Foundation Fellow in Ein ehemaliger Sadhu ist kein Asket mehr, sondern Fahrer in Mumbai.
A former sadhu and ascetic is now a driver in Mumbai. He wants to become famous, which is why he agrees to appear in this film. Kabir Mehta studied economics at Delhi University before working on avant-garde cinema in Mumbai with filmmaker Ashim Ahluwalia. He has since gone on to produce and direct his own work.
Kabir seeks to explore media consumption, social engineering, and the nature of filmmaking through his work. Man kann nicht sagen, dass sie unsichtbar sind, da sie kaum unbemerkt bleiben. They cannot be said to be invisible, as they hardly go unnoticed. Fast wie immer. The first space shuttle of the Philippines is launched. An ordinary old suburban couple is trying to go about their life on this strange day.
One of the most prolific editors in the Philippines today, he has collaborated with numerous filmmakers on independent and mainstream projects. Bild und Ton, Optimismus und Angst prallen aufeinander. Images from the Expo in Brussels exude faith in modernity, the future, and the possibilities of technology. The soundtrack is from the s, when a series of attacks unsettled Belgium.
Sound and image, fear and optimism collide. Fanny Zaman is a visual artist working in Antwerp. Since , she has made and produced four shorts and two medium-length independent essay films. The most beautiful paintings are the ones you dream about when you lie in bed smoking a pipe, but that you never paint.
Alexei Dmitriev b. His previous found footage works were shown at numerous festivals. Battered by incessant winds, the community welcomes Antonia with a ritual, disclosing the stories she embodies. Jorge Cadena was born in Barranquilla, Colombia, in A young woman is searching for spirituality and inner balance on the Internet. Luc Gut b. In his videos, for which he composes his own electronic soundtracks, he likes to play with the relationship between image, sound, and rhythm. Special attention is given to users and passersby, to their gestures and ways of appropriating the spaces for their own needs.
Laurence Bonvin is a documentary photographer and artist whose work deals with landscape, architecture, public spaces, and urban transformation. She has extensively exhibited her work in Switzerland and internationally since Rob, ein Kriminalpolizist Mitte vierzig, kann seit mehreren Monaten nicht mehr schlafen. He hopes to regain sleep with the help of a monotonous lifestyle. But he only finds micro-sleep while spending hours circling roundabouts with his VW T1.
Jonas Meier b. He has been working as a freelance director of TV commercials and corporate videos for various production companies since Vom Meer kommend, wandern zwei junge Sportlerinnen mit ihrem Kanu auf den Schultern durch eine weite Ebene. Coming from the sea, two young sportswomen are carrying their canoe across a vast plain. They meet some of the inhabitants, whose activities and narratives evoke a human story of their own. Fulvio Balmer Rebullida b. Nur wer die neuen Technologien beherrscht, hat eine Zukunft. Only those who master the new technology have a future.
Their problem is ours: how much longer can we keep up with the rapid development? Dennis Stauffer b. Norbert Kottmann b. He works as a post-production assistant and freelance editor. Ein Eisbergkoloss kratzt am Meeresboden. A colossal iceberg is scraping the seabed. The sound is unfamiliar, peculiar, and impressive — for the listener at the surface as much as for the traveller in the frozen Antarctic underwater world.
Susanne Hofer b. Together with K. Oettli, she produces various film, theatre, and dance projects with the company flimmern GmbH. Der Film zeigt das Leben und die Organisation im Lager und beleuchtet den Kontrast zwischen dieser ephemeren Mikrostadt und ihrem mystisch-wilden Umfeld. A documentary about the Everest Base Camp, which is set up for two months each year, housing about guides, cooks, government officials, and guests. As of , he works part-time in the multimedia department of a company, while also developing new personal projects. Er ist heimlich in Khanya verliebt, die seit Jahren seine beste Freundin ist.
Themba, a young teenager, lives in the South Durban Basin near the local oil refinery with his father. He is secretly in love with Khanya, who has been his best friend for years. But Khanya has a new boyfriend, KG, a truck driver who offers her a secure future. Isabelle Mayor b. After beginning her film career as an editor, she independently wrote and directed several shorts that won prizes at Locarno and other festivals.
Diese folgt ihnen auf der Flucht. Pranjani, ein kleines Dorf in Zentralserbien. Einheimische verdienen ihren Lebensunterhalt im Ausland oder als Bauern. So weit, so normal. Two young boys are being pursued after stealing some expensive scarves. She follows them as they flee. Hugo Radi lives between Lausanne and Geneva. Pranjani is a small village in central Serbia. Locals earn their living abroad or as farmers.
So far, so normal. He works as a freelance cinematographer and director and was nominated for the Swiss Film Award in the best short film category. He is currently developing his first feature film. In Buenos Aires, the Sepulveda family lives and works in the shadows of the legendary Boca Juniors stadium. They constantly get in conflict with the corrupt police for selling fake tickets to the football games. As her family sinks deeper into the underworld, the mother tries in vain to keep things from falling apart.
Matteo Gariglio b. Vini reist im Zug durch verschiedene Raum- und Zeitdimensionen und begegnet dabei sich selbst. Katze On a train trip through various dimensions of time and space, the traveller suddenly encounters himself. Mitte Februar , kurz vor der Sperrung der griechisch-mazedonischen Grenze. Mid-February , shortly before the Greek-Macedonian border is closed. The last part of a long journey on the Balkan refugee route leads along the Sava.
Andreas Muggli b. Previously, he trained as a chemical lab technician. Walker, Joan Fontcuberta und Im Heung-soon vertritt. Emilio Alvarez is the founding director of LOOP, a platform dedicated to fostering artist films, video art, and gallery-based moving-image productions.
Walker, Joan Fontcuberta, and Im Heung-soon. She specializes in world cinema fiction, documentary, and short films, and is active at top festivals and markets worldwide. Kathleen is also the personal publicist of actor Bill Pullman and the corporate publicist for Abramorama.
Milja studied film theory at Brunel University London and visual journalism at the University of Tampere. However, belonging to the disappearing species of old-school projectionists, her true roots are in cinema work. In den er-Jahren wurde er international bekannt durch seine Fotografie, in der er die Eigenheit des Mediums und die Beziehung zwischen Fotografie und Malerei auslotete was bis heute sein Forschungsgebiet ist.
In the early s, he gained international recognition for his photographic work, in which he explored the specificity of the medium and the relations between photography and painting — which is still his field of research today. From until , he has been based in Paris as a documentary commissioning editor at the European cultural channel ARTE, seeking out new narrative forms with the aim of keeping alive independent, innovative filmmaking. Neil Young geb.
Film critic Neil Young b. Each year, he attends more than 20 film festivals around the world in various professional capacities. The Shortrun Award for a promising script is also announced during the awards ceremony Sunday, , Theater Winterthur. All Swiss films selected for the International Competition qualify for nomination consideration for the Swiss Film Prize. Zweifellos haben die nordischen Nationen viel Grossartiges vollbracht und damit ist nicht die Entdeckung Amerikas durch die Wikinger ums Jahr gemeint. Schweden gilt weltweit als Vorzeigebeispiel einer weit entwickelten Gesellschaft, wo in allen sozialen und beruflichen Aspekten Gendergleichheit herrscht.
Die skandinavischen Fernsehkrimis sind internationale Kassenschlager. Aber ist der Norden wirklich so makellos? Trotz Gleichstellungspolitik fehlen dem nordischen Langfilm offenbar noch immer die schillernden Regisseurinnen. Auch im Norden machen sich Rechtsrutsch und radikalisierte Gruppierungen bemerkbar, die der Islamisierung und angeblichen Bedrohung nordischer Werte nationalistisch entgegentreten. Es werden aber Aspekte. Island, das kleinste Land im Grossen Fokus, bringt uns u. Diese Bedenken werden in unserem Grossen Fokus ebenfalls aufgegriffen.
Developed in Sweden in the s, this model peaked in the s, leading to comprehensive sociopolitical reforms such as unconditional social security, gender equality policies, and a politics of consensus , not just in Sweden, but in other Nordic countries, too. Granted, not everyone supports the idea of the Nordic welfare state today, and many problems, such as those caused by population ageing, remain unsolved. Nevertheless, many Central Europeans still have this image of the Nordic model as a perfect social order.
What are the reasons for this fascination with the five countries of the North — Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and Finland? Why, according to the latest studies, are the Danes the happiest people on the planet? Where does the global enthusiasm for Nordic design and Swedish pop music come from? Sweden is considered a model of a highly developed society, with gender equality in all social and professional spheres. Norway, Iceland, and Denmark also rank high in this respect. Sweden, Norway, and Denmark still have kings and queens as figureheads representing democratic governments with royal kitsch.
With view to global warming, Denmark is the most innovative country in the field of renewable energy. The Scandinavian TV thrillers are international hits. Directors such as Thomas Vinterberg and Lars von Trier are world stars today. But is the North really so flawless? Despite a politics of gender equality, Nordic feature film apparently still lacks outstanding female directors. In the North, too, there have been shifts to the right, and radicalized groups oppose Islamization and the supposed threat to Nordic values with nationalism.
Despite the historically strong linguistic and cultural ties, the Nordic countries are five independent nations that all employ their individual solutions and tactics internationally, and that are worth being considered as independent countries and film nations in this programme focus. The programmes present films whose stories are set in Nordic countries and that are all made by Nordic filmmakers. We are well aware that this selection of individual approaches cannot draw a complete picture, but it addresses aspects that have influenced and preoccupied Nordic filmmakers in their work again and again.
Finland, which lies outside of Scandinavia geographically and linguistically, offers captivating, sometimes absurd insights into the soul of Finnish individuals. Denmark is represented with compelling artist films that attempt to reinvent cinema. And Iceland, the smallest country in the Main Focus, juxtaposes Viking behaviour with contemporary models of masculinity, among other things. The significance of nature and the woods is at issue in Take a Walk on the Wild Site, whereas Nordic Presents is a tongue-incheek ode to the achievements of the North.
The two programmes This Is Us and This Is Me probe the conflicts between Nordic supranationality, national pride, and individual identity. Policies of equality and consensus have achieved equal pay and working conditions for men and women, and a high level of social security. The system is intended to let everyone be who they are. These issues are also addressed in our Main Focus. Nevertheless, at the end of this Nordic journey of discovery, we will find that these five nations can serve as a model for us in many if not in all respects.
The films in this selection thus offer gifts or presents from the Nordic countries to the rest of the world. They exemplify some of their most impressive achievements. They started out in By , they ruled the charts worldwide. To this day, young people all over the world dance to the music of the phenomenon that is ABBA. Turn up the volume — Mamma Mia, here we go again! He is best known for directing music videos, which are often mock forms of movie trailers and short films. Taking us on a journey back to our recent futuristic past, this film tells of the rise and fall of the plastic Futuro House, a space-age utopia that almost became a reality.
The Futuro leisure home designed by Finnish architect Matti Suuronen is not only a product of its time, but also a fine specimen of Nordic design. Mika Taanila b. Ein Mann sucht verzweifelt nach jemandem, mit dem er sein Leben verbringen kann. Diese Geschichten sind auf einzigartig absurde Weise miteinander verbunden. A recently separated couple are arguing over custody of their son. A man is desperately looking for someone to share his life with. These stories are linked in a uniquely absurd way in this film created through intuition, association, and confidence — confidence that the intuitive process would lead to an entertaining and meaningful result.
Joern Utkilen b. Music for One Apartment M. Six burglars in an apartment are making music with furniture and household appliances. Numminen singt in der Sauna. Finnish underground artist M. Numminen is singing in the sauna. Mauri Antero Numminen, known as M. Numminen b. This Is Us Das sind wir. Darauf sind wir stolz. Davor haben wir Angst. Das sind die anderen. Die sind anders als wir. Wer sind wir? Aus den gleichen Ausgangsfragen haben sich letztlich zwei formal sehr unterschiedliche Programme entwickelt. This Is Us This is us. These are the others.
Who are we? After all, it is never the simplistic statements that define a country, an association of countries, a nation, a people, or a region, but the way they search for answers. The Nordic countries have a special position in this respect, as they cultivate a fellowship that defines part of their identity, while at the same time trying to maintain their own national identities.
This Is Us is about bizarre national holidays, about wanting to belong, about typical activities, collective fears, and failed integration. The two programmes This Is Us and This Is Me ask the same questions at the level of the community and the individual, respectively. The point of departure is, of course, comparable: whether as a nation, as a people, or as an individual — identity is never simple, especially when the others come into play. Ultimately, the same questions have resulted in two programmes that are very different formally.
While This Is Me unites films featuring something like a typically Nordic narrative style, the works in This Is Us all find their own individual approaches. The five films in this selection highlight different aspects of the issues sketched above. In order to avoid the trap of simplistic — and wrong — answers, the works thoughtfully employ forms and genres, ranging from classic fiction through documentary and experimental film to mockumentary.
Whether with laconic humour or affectionate sincerity, in a roundabout or direct way — all of these films attempt to find out: is this us? Elle, 78, ist in den Bergen Lapplands mit der Kultur der Samen aufgewachsen. Doch davon will sie nichts mehr wissen und davon soll auch niemand erfahren. Officially, Norway is celebrating its independence, and thus itself, on this day. Unofficially, Birger 10 is not in the mood for parades, Konrad 90 is not in the mood for speeches, Carina 18 is only interested in love, and Ola 46 is on a mission of self-discovery.
This film is based on real emergency calls and radio signals. The fears of an entire nation manifest themselves in these messages. Who are we in the face of an overwhelming darkness? Hannes Vartiainen born has a background in film. Pekka Veikkolainen born has worked in the fields of animation and illustration since The two started their own production company in Elle, 78, grew up in the mountains of Lapland, with the culture of the Sami people.
But she wants nothing to do with her roots anymore, nor does she want anyone else to know about them. Who is she if two possible identities want nothing to do with each other? She graduated from the National Film School of Denmark in Wir sind auch die anderen. Als die Winterolympiade in Lillehammer stattfand, arbeitete Kaveh in der Kebabbude seines Vaters. Das Mockumentary dekonstruiert die Vorstellung vom integrierten Migranten.
We are the others, too. This mockumentary deconstructs the notion of the integrated immigrant.
Director and screenwriter Kaveh Tehrani studied at the University of Oslo. He is currently developing his first feature film project. Visitors as if from another planet suddenly appear in the misty swamps of Northern Finland. The strangers seem harmless, but their presence confuses the local population. A look at identities in a globalized world. In Prichard swore before the Justice of the Peace R.
Hopkins that his writing contains the true ritual of the Grand-Mastership of the English Moderns. Perhaps he had been a member of a lodge of the Ancients, which, as he says in his self-defense , had to pay for a new Constitution; perhaps also, he had been hastily expelled from the lodge because of an unpaid levy, as the preliminary report seems to indicate; for what the magistrate Hopkins had to accept his testimony and sworn assurance. The various Masons suing him, as he mentioned in his self-defense, for the [cost of] the printing of the English Moderns' ritual, seem to have been "Ancient" Masons, who perhaps hoped by it to nullify the arrogance of the English Grand Lodge of the Moderns, perhaps even to blow up the English Moderns Grand-Mastership.
Prichard appears to have printed the Ritual of the Moderns exactly as he had found it in use in the lodge of which he had been a member. I remind to the reader first and foremost of the testimony which the author of the book: the three distinct Knocks , from which I have given an excerpt in the first section of the first volume, gives to Prichard's book.
First, this author says see, among other, citation at p. Next the author of the three distinct Knocks says here at p. Finally, the same author also adds: "probably many books about Freemasonry have been written, but mostly in order to distract the attention of the readers from the aforementioned book" Prichard's ; for I have read all that have come out this past 20 years, and nowhere found something about Masonry, as in the aforementioned book.
From this much failed refutation and defense, which I will reproduce in the second section of the second volume of this work, the connoisseurs sees only too well that Prichard had told the truth, and that the defender [the apologist] can not deny this only by claiming that what is imparted [by Prichard] is not everything, not the whole, therefore, is incomplete, and rightly so, because the Grand-Mastership from that time until the year , when this Script of defense was published, had made great effort to increase its ritual significantly, so it might be dissimilar from that of Prichard ; which also could be done much more easily now that many old brethren who lived in the year , and at that time opposed the changes, had died, and the Grand-Mastership had already attained a large propagation and reputation; especially as the external circumstances, which at that time perhaps made it necessary to keep many things the same, had now very much changed.
Prichard's work also explains many things in the oldest ritual, such as it is contained in our second Craft document; I have therefore imparted it with the Second Document and with the earlier one from the book: The Grand Mystery of Free Masons discover'd etc.
But one! One must assume, then, that he wrote it from Prichard outright, and this all the more so as the Minerva [… derogatory of the Provincial Grand Master] could get no ritual in Leipzig. The local founders insisted with Marshal for so long, until he created a ritual, and he created what he could.
Winesburg, Ohio Webster s German Thesaurus Edition for ESL, EFL, ELP, Some one of the grotesques had made a deep impression on his mind and he wanted .. gedreht, verdreht, faltig, gewunden. winter: Winter, Winterlich, Überwintern. scheinen, glänzen, schein, schimmern, Glanz, strahlen, Schimmer, blinken. "Brother Schneider had the German translation from the library of brother von and the oldest Ritual of the Masonic fraternity in England, America, Germany, and .. Catholicismus strebten, wovon man sich seit vornahm, jeden Schein zu und im Ostpunkte auf; in der winterlichen Hälfte des Jahres aber weiter nach .
Worthy of notice is the oldest French translation of this book of Prichard's , which was published in under the following title: " The mysterious reception of members of the famous Society of Freemasons , containing a general and sincere account of their ceremonies. Translated from English, clarified by critical remarks. Followed by some other curious passages relating to Great Britain, with Historical and Geographical Observations; London , by the Company Booksellers, Then follows: Historical narrative accompanied by reflections about the events and revolutions occurred in England, pp.
On the last page it says: this book is sold at Liege, at Jacques Jacob Bookseller. From it I will impart some comments on Prichard's text. Still, I would point out that the ritual of the two conflicting main branches of the Fraternity in England, which I have substantially described in the preface of the Apprentice Catechism of the English Moderns, see previous pp.
This could be conjectured already on general grounds to be very likely, and has been proven by the several compositions of the Catechism. Even the Essinger ritual contains several individual points and a whole lot of catechetical questions which match word for word Prichard see Vol. I, First Sect. In this context belongs also to be judged the ritual of an Irish lodge designated with the No. Finally, I also note that such an intentionally falsified ritual, which Bonneville imparts in English and German in the aforementioned book, is modeled completely after that of Prichard , and after his motives as well.
An anonymous person had it reprinted in The Complete Magazine , , in order to defend the fraternity against the accusation of religious indifference, which especially the Scottish Synod of the fraternity practiced, see Vol. Still it has remained so much Guild-like that the uninformed reader will be tempted to assume that this ritual is genuine. Siehe B. Vierte Ausgabe. Von Samuel Prichard, ehedem Mitgliede einer constituirten Loge.
Wilford, in den drei Schwertellilien, hinter dem Capitelhause, an der St. So ist z. Leipzig, bei G. Frankfurt und Leipzig, Euclides" usw. Auch diese Schrift ist wider das NE. Prichard legte im J. Prichard scheint das NE. Zuerst sagt Dieser s. Weiter sagt der Verfasser der three distinct Knocks s.
Rituales wahr. I, Abth, 1, S. Nur einen! Die hiesigen Stifter setzten Marschall so lange zu, bis er ein Ritual schafte, und er schafte, was er konnte. Ich werde daraus einige Bemerkungen zu dem Prichard'schen Texte mittheilen. Wer dieses von Prichard mitgetheilte Gebrauchthum in dem geschichtlichen Zusammenhange betrachten kann, worin es hier in der Zusammenstellung mit unserer zweiten Kunsturkunde, und mit der aus GM.
It is, namely, a copy of the Lectures given here from the original kept at a lodge. The particular words of the selected passages appropriate here are: "yet a corporation can not declare a member deprived of his right to participation only because of the transgression of one of its own peculiar laws alone.
A guild Elder or Freeman of any corporation can not be removed from his free rights, or of his place, and not without reason; and any legal technicality to remove him at pleasure is invalid by law, because" etc. The reader should compare my accompanying remark about this further down page f. Jur' 13 Die Oct. Geschworen am 13ten Octr. Es sind nehmlich die hier mitgetheilten Lectionen eine Copie des bei einer Loge aufbewahrten Originals. Der Leser vergleiche weiter meine ebendaselbst Seite , f. Humble Servant, Sam. Diener Samuel Prichard.
Tunc unus ex Senioribus teneat Librum, ut illi vel ille ponant vel ponat Manus supra Librum; tum Praecepta debeant legi. Browne's Master-Key, p. In the second Craft document, Question 71, if indeed this passage is genuine, these three personages are simply called Grand Masons three Grand Masons. See what I have said about this in the Further Comments to the second Craft document regarding Question 71! In the Book of Constitutions of the English Moderns, particularly in the Entick's edition, of , pp. It is therefore false, when Prichard claims that this was the first introduction of Masonry in England.
In the mentioned document from the Gentleman's Magazine stands, according to the English pronunciation, Maymus Grecus for Mimus Graecus. In the Book of Constitutions of Anderson is more detailed on this; as it is demonstrated by the passages I have quoted from it at the proper places of the " York Constitution.
But in these latter Days Masonry is not composed of Artificers, [Operative Masons] as it was in its primaeval State, when some few Catechetical Questions were necessary to declare a Man sufficiently qualified for an Operative Mason. See Browne , Q. In the Master's catechism Prichard even mentions a special mark to distinguish the accepted Masons from the operative Masons , when these are mentioned together with the former; mark which I have cited in relation to this fact in the Further Comments to Q.
I would refer here first and foremost to the brief account of the history of the fraternity in my Foreword to the whole work; then to the treatise on this, placed at the introduction to the Further Comments to the second Craft document ; and then to Vol.
This king was very sensible about the lodges and meetings of Freemasons; in the old obligations and statutes of the Freemasons were collected by his command, and written down in of the style the York Constitution is written; in J. See Preston's Illustrations , , p. So also tells the Book of Constitutions of the Grand Lodge of the English Moderns of and in the more modern issues of it.
According to Dermott's assurance in the Ahiman Rezon of , some of the younger brethren of the Grand Lodge of the English Moderns, at the solemn assembly held in for the foundation of the Grand Lodge of the Moderns, wanted to see the lambskins aprons abolished; but the older brethren did not want to give it up. See my comment on Browne's Q. See the History of the Masonic Fraternity in the foreword to this whole work!
Or is it perhaps to be called the Key Bearer? Tunc unus ex Senioribus teneat Librum, tat illi vel ille ponant vel ponat Manus supra Librum; tum Praecepta debeant legi. In der zweiten Kunsturkunde, Fr. Auch im NE. Constitutionenbuche, besonders in Entick's Ausgabe, v. Anderson ist in dem Constitutionenbuche vom J. Siehe Browne , Fr. Preston's Illustr. Buch der NE. Siehe meine Bemerkung zu Browne's Fr. What Recommendations brought you from thence? I am so taken and accepted to be amongst Brothers and Fellows. How shall I know that you are a Mason? Give me the Points of your Entrance.
From this we cannot conclude that there was not a special formula , which either did not fall into his hands, or he did not want to impart. To me the latter case is probable, because he actually mentioned some reasons, for example at Q. John's means either: both the two St. Johns ; or it refers to a place or a building, or even to a religious order dedicated to St. John's place, order, church, college, cathedral. Compare Browne's. II and Q. Perhaps is even merely to understand as of St. John's Corporation , of the Corporation of the Holy John. Lawrie in his History of Freemasonry, calls the three so-called St.
John's Degree "the ancient order of St. What makes a Just and Perfect Lodge? Who brought you to the Lodge? An Enter'd 'Prentice. Neither naked nor cloathed, bare-foot nor shod, deprived of all Metal and in a right moving Posture. I have read somewhere that the Grand Lodge of the English Moderns has for some time introduced [into the lodge for the Initiation] the candidates without the blindfold, but afterwards has returned to the old custom.
What did the Senior Warden do with you? He presented me, and shew'd me how to walk up by three Steps to the Master. What did the Master do with you? Can you repeat that Obligation. I'll do my Endeavour. Which is as follows. All this unter no less Penalty than to have my Throat cut, my Tongue taken from the Roof of my Mouth, my Heart pluck'd from under my Left Breast, them to be buried in the Sands of the Sea, the Length of a Cable-rope from Shore, where the Tide ebbs and flows twice in 24 Hours, my Body to be burnt to Ashes, my Ashes to be ecatter'd upon the Face of the Earth, so that there shall be no more Remembrance of me among Masons.
So help me God. Wisdom to contrive, Strength to support, and Beauty to adorn. What Covering have you to the Lodge? A clouded Canopy of divers Colours or the Clouds. Have you any Furniture in your Lodge? What is the other Furniture of a Lodge? Who do they properly belong to? Have you any Jewels in the Lodge? This valley must, incidentally, be a very desirable image to those of the tribe of a dethroned king, wanting to help set him up again [the Stuart family] , because of the resultant referred appellation of human violence against God's power.
Since it is not mentioned in GM.
Assuming this deviation had not already been made by the papal-hegemony-minded monks deliberately many centuries earlier. What are the Moveable Jewel? What are the Immoveable Jewels? Have you any Lights in your Lodge? How are they situated? See on this my remarks to Browne's 91st question! Why are there no Lights in the North? Where stands the Senior Enter'd 'Prentice? Where stands the Junior Enter'd 'Prentice? If a Cowan or Listner is catch'd, how is he to be punished? To be plac'd under the Eves of the Houses in rainy Weather till the Water runs in at his Shoulders and out at his Shoos.
Here it is of a more beautiful significance, pointing to the love and righteousness of the lodge's ruling Master. In the Fellow-craft degree is made by everyone, and interpreted as the threatened punishment for betraying political secrets. See what I will remind about this in the explanation of the three great lights in the Second Comments to the Second Craft Document!
Nothing is so weird in the ancient customs of Masons, that it did not have its natural explanation. There were no windows at the north side; therefore one could best listen and see through any cracks. But the apprentices also stood there; such an order could probably be given to them as well. What are the Secrets of a Mason? Where do yon keep those Secrets? Have you any Key to those Secrets? In a Bone Box that neither opens nor shuts but with Ivory Keys.
How many Principle-Signs? Also, this question and answer derives from the times before the political plan was adopted, was specifically deviated from by lodges that belonged to that branch the fraternity, which neglected the ancient Craft doctrine pronounced the first Craft document, and from the ancient, true Ritual. Compare the foreword to the Apprentice Catechism of the English Moderns, especially p. But instead are found expounded in Browne, and not placed here, the three great principles of Masonry: brotherly Love , Help and Fidelity. See on this my further comments to Browne's question !
See the final note 52 to the previous document! What do you learn by being a Gentleman-Mason? What do you learn by being an Operative Mason? Hue, Square, Mould-stone, lay a Level and raise a Perpendicular. Have you seen your Master to-day? How long do you serve your Master? Freedom, Fervency and Zeal. Give me the Enter'd 'Prentice's Sign. The Exam. A , Resp. Boaz and Jachin were two Pillars in Solomon's Porch. But it is very credible that it has been used for quite some time since Later, one has said instead, as I see from Browne's questions to, only free and accepted masons.
See Browne's explanation about it, according to his question t! Under Seven. Durch Zeichen und Merkmale, and vollkommene Punkte meines Antritts. St John's place, order, church, colledge, cathedral. Vergleiche Br's. II, und Fr. Johannes , zu verstehen.
Lawrie nennt in seiner Geschichte der Freimaurerei die drei sogenannten Johannisgrade "den alten Orden des heiligen Johannes. Aus einem Meister, zwei Aufsehern, zwei Gesellen, und zwei angetretnen Lehrlingen. Aus einem Meister, zwei Aufsehern, einem Gesellen und einem angetretnen Lehrlinge.
Ein angetretner Lehrling. Auch GM. Er stellte mich dem Meister dar, und zeigte mir, wie ich mit drei Schritten zu ihm hinaufgehen sollte. Ich will es versuchen. Sie lautet, wie folget. So helfe mir Gott! Weil alle Kirchen und Kapellen so gelegen sind, oder sein sollten.
Einen wolkigen Baldachin von verschiedenen Farben oder die Wolken. Da es in GM. Das Zeichnenbret, der Rauhhobel und die Drehbank. Wenn ein Pfuscher oder Horcher gefangen worden ist, wie ist er zu bestrafen? Im Gesellengrade wird es von Allen gemacht, und auf die angedrohte Strafe des Verraths politischer Geheimnisse gedeutet. An der Nordseite waren keine Fenster; da konnte man also am besten lauschen und durch Klunsen sehen wollen.
Da standen aber auch die Lehrlinge; diesen konnte also wohl ein solcher Auftrag gegeben werden. Was sind die Geheimnisse das geheime Wesen eines Maurers? Wo bewahrt Ihr diese Geheimnisse diese geheimen Dinge? Wie viele Hauptzeichen? Guttural, Pectoral, Manual, Pedestal. Vergleiche die Vorerinnerung zu dem NE. Siehe Br. Siehe die Schlussanmerkung 52 zur vorigen Urkunde!
Verschwiegenheit, Sittlichkeit und gute Gesellschaft Geselligkeit, gesellschaftliches Zusammhalten. Hauen, rechtwinklich machen, Steine formen, eins wasserrechte Linie legen, und eine senkrechte aufrichten. Der Antw. A , der Antw. Z , das ist: BOAZ. Gebt mir ein anderes! Unter sieben. I was induced to publish this mighty Secret for the publick Good, at the Request of several Masons, and it will, I hope, give entire Satisfaction, and have its desired Effect in preventing so many credulous Persons being drawn into so pernicious a Society.
But the Prichard's Justification above, with which he p. Berlin and Stettin, , S. Especially when in an English writing it is said: Freemasonry had been changed through an occult mystery , these words could not be appropriately be Germanized with a secret Mystery ; but rather here it is more likely to suppose an allusion to the other meaning of the word. But it is nonetheless a well-known feature of all mixed languages, the English especially, the fact that careless writers, as well as ordinary people, are seduced to put next to each other several words taken from different languages to designate with the same term several such equal valid words.
This, I presume, is happening here with Prichard. Still, I have promised to produce some remarks about p. But so that their plan may not be noticed by the government, they have, according to the intent of that very plan, chosen a so ridiculous, in itself contradictory Ritual. So it notes,. And in Question 30 have been given so many disparate details, as to appear exorbitantly absurd pour affecter un absurd excessif, so as to hide its true intentions in respect to the other systems.
Instead of the word Kaihebar here at p. Aber obige Rechtfertigung Prichard's , womit er seine Schrift S. Nicolai s. Noch habe ich versprochen, aus der vorhin S. So merkt Derselbe an,. Und in Fr. Anstatt des Wortes Kaihebar hier S. As a secondary piece to the second oldest Craft document, to the oldest Admission Lecture or to the oldest Apprentice's lecture. Elaborated in the year l, and completed for printing in the year Foreword The oldest form of the hitherto known Apprentice Catechism underlying the ritual of the Grand Lodge of the English Moderns is found, as previously mentioned, in a very rare Book, which is titled p.
I hope there is. What a' Clock is it? Will you give or take? Both; or which you please. Are you rich, or Poor? I will. What is a Mason? What is a Fellow? By Signs, Tokens, and Points of my Entry. Ich hoffe es ist hier Friede. Welch' Zeit ist's? Wollt Ihr geben oder nehmen? Beides, oder Welches Ihr beliebt. Recht gut wie es sollte. Seid Ihr arm oder reich? Recht gern.
Was ist ein Maurer? Was ist ein Gesell? Durch Zeichen, Merkmale und Punkte meines Antritts. A In a just and perfect Lodge. How many make a Lodge? Why do Odds make a Lodge? What Lodge are you of? How does it stand? Where is the Mason's Point? Welches ist der Punkt Eures Antritts? Wo wurdet Ihr zu einem Freimaurer gemacht? In einer gerechten und vollkommnen Loge. Wie Viele machen eine Loge?
Warum machen ungerade Zahlen eine Loge? Von welcher Loge seid Ihr? Wie steht sie? Wo ist des Maurers Stand- Punkt? Where is the Warden's Point? How is it govern'd? Yes , I have. What is its Virtue? To open and shut, and shut and open. Where do you keep it?
Yes, I have. How long is it? How many precious Jewels? Three; a square Asher, a Diamond, and a Square. How many Lights? What do they represent? A Strength and Stability of the Church in all Ages. Wo ist des Aufsehers Stand- Punkt? Wie wird sie regiert? Ja, ich habe ihn. Wozu dient er? Wo verwahrt Ihr ihn? Ja, ich habe sie. Wie lang ist sie? Wie viele kostbare Kleinode?
Wie viele Lichter? Was stellen sie vor? Give me the Solution? Wieviele Winkel in der St. Johannis -Loge? Give me the Universal Word? How many proper Points? From Architecture. What do they answer? Gebet mir das allgemeine Wort! Echter Bruder von den Unsrigen, Euer Name? Wieviel eigenliche Punkte? Aus der Baukunst. Wieviele Ordnungen in der Baukunst? A Free-Mason's Health. Here, Brother, I drink to thee. Des Freimaurers Gesundheit. Hier, Bruder, ich trinke dir zu! Foreword Is very related in origination and execution with the Grand Mystery etc.
To the Rt. From whence came you? From the Holy Lodge of St. What do you come here to do? Are you a Mason? By Signs and Tokens and perfect Points of my Entrance. What are Signs? All Squares, Angles and Perpendiculars. What are Tokens? Certain Regular and Brotherly Gripes. Give me the first, and I'll give you the second. I Hail it. I Conceal it. What do you Conceal? Where was you made a Mason? In a Just and Perfect Lodge. Seven or more. What do they consist of?
What makes a Lodge? What to they consist of? How did he bring you? How got you Admittance? By three great Knocks. Who receiv'd you? How did he dispose of yon? He made me a Mason. How did he make you a Mason? What Form is the Lodge? A long Square. How long? From East to West. How broad? From North to South. How high? How deep? To tbe Centre of the Earth. Where does the Lodge stand? How is it situated? Due East and West. Why so? Because all Churches and Chappels are or ought to be so. What supports a Lodge? Three great Pillars. What are they called?
Wisdom, Strength and Beauty. What is it? What are they? Bible, Compass and Square. How many? Three Moveable, and three Immoveable. Square, Level and Plumb-Rule. What are their Uses? Sun, Moon and Master-Mason. These Lights are three large Candles placed on high Candlesticks. East, South and West. To light the Men to, at and from their Work. Because the Sun darts no Rays from thence.
Where stands your Master? In the East. Where stands your Wardens? In the West. What's their Business? In the South. What is his Business? In the North. To keep off all Cowans and Eves-droppers. Signs, Tokens and many Words. Under my Left Breast. Where do yon keep it? Does it hang or does it lie? It hangs. What does it hang by? A Tow-Line 9 Inches or a Span. What Metal is it of? Point, Line, Superficies and Solid. Explain them. Secresy, Morality and Goodfellowship. How was he Cloathed? From Monday Morning to Saturday Night.
How do you serve him? With Chalk, Charcoal and Earthen Pan. What do they denote? Give me the Word. I'll letter it with You. How old are you? What's the Day for? To See in. What's the Night for? To Hear. How blows the Wind? What's a Clock? High Twelve. The End of the Enter'd 'Prentice's Part. Woher kommt Ihr? Von der heiligen Loge des heiligen Johannes. Welche Empfehlung brachtet Ihr vonda mit?