Wikimedia Commons A depiction of Paul the Apostle writing his epistles.
Unlike, say, The Great Gatsby , the Bible is a text upon which millions and millions of people have based their entire lives. In other words, who wrote the Bible? Of all the mysteries surrounding the Bible , that one may be the most fascinating. Other books can be reliably dated to a given period by either internal clues — sort of the way no books written in the s mention airplanes, for instance — and by their literary style, which develops over time. Religious doctrine, of course, holds that God himself is the author of or at least the inspiration for the entirety of the Bible, which was transcribed by a series of humble vessels.
Wikimedia Commons Moses, as painted by Rembrandt. According to both Jewish and Christian Dogma, the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy the first five books of the Bible and the entirety of the Torah were all written by Moses in about 1, B. In each case, these writers are talked about as if they were a single person, but each author could just as easily be an entire school of people writing in a single style.
Some of the literary devices and turns of phrase that J uses could only have been picked up sometime after B. A lot of Babylonian mythology and astrology including the stuff about Lucifer, the Morning Star snuck into the Bible in this way via the captivity.
Wikimedia Commons A depiction of the destruction of Jerusalem under Babylonian rule. P seems to have written just a few verses of Genesis and Exodus, but virtually all of Leviticus and Numbers. P authors are distinguished from the other writers by their use of quite a lot of Aramaic words, mostly borrowed into Hebrew.
In addition, some of the rules attributed to P are known to have been common among the Chaldeans of modern-day Iraq, whom the Hebrews must have known during their exile in Babylon, suggesting that the P texts were written after that period.
Wikimedia Commons King Josiah. Deuteronomy was actually written much later. The text first came to light in the tenth year of the reign of King Josiah of Judah, which was roughly B.
Some of them were disciples of John. The different books that make up the Christian holy scripture, the Bible. Wikimedia Commons A rendering of the Greeks taking Persia. Table I gives an overview of the periods and dates ascribed to the various books of the Bible. It is speculated that Yahweh was possibly adapted from the mountain god Yhw in ancient Seir or Edom.
Josiah had inherited the throne from his father at age eight and ruled through the Prophet Jeremiah until he was of age. Around 18, the King decided to seize full control of Judah, so he dispatched Jeremiah to the Assyrians with a mission to fetch home the remaining diaspora Hebrews. The next answers to the question of who wrote the Bible come from the books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings , generally believed to have been written during the Babylonian captivity in the middle of the sixth century B.
Whether it was these priests of the Deuteronomy era or their successors that wrote Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings, these texts represent a highly mythologized history of their newly dispossessed people thanks to the Babylonian captivity. Wikimedia Commons A rendering of the Jews forced into labor during their time in Egypt.
This history opens with the Hebrews getting a commission from God to leave their Egyptian captivity which probably resonated with the contemporary readers who had the Babylonian captivity on their minds and utterly dominate the Holy Land. Wikimedia Commons The prophet Isaiah. Finally, the third part of the book of Isaiah was clearly written after the Babylonian captivity ended in B.
Wikimedia Commons The prophet Jeremiah. His own book may have been written by him, or by a man named Baruch ben Neriah, whom he mentions as one of his scribes.
Ezekiel : Ezekiel ben-Buzi was a priesthood member living in Babylon itself during the captivity. These also might have been the writers who survived Ezekiel to draft the P texts after the captivity. Wisdom Literature Wikimedia Commons Job. These books are the finished product of nearly a thousand years of development and heavy editing. It's a collection of 66 books written by more than 40 authors over more than 2, years. So there are two ways to answer the question, "When was the Bible written? The second, the focus here is to describe how and when all 66 books were collected in a single volume.
We can say with some certainty that the first widespread edition of the Bible was assembled by St. Jerome around A. This manuscript included all 39 books of the Old Testament and the 27 books of the New Testament in the same language: Latin.
Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. a Book for the People by Washington Gladden. No cover available. Other famous people who wrote the Bible include: David, Daniel, Peter, Paul, Jonah, But here is the wonder of it all: When the 66 books of the Bible with their .
This edition of the Bible is commonly referred to as The Vulgate. Jerome wasn't the first to select all 66 books we know today as the Bible. He was the first to translate and compile everything into a single volume. The first step in assembling the Bible involves the 39 books of the Old Testament, also referred to as the Hebrew Bible. Beginning with Moses, who wrote the first five books of the Bible, these books were written over the centuries by prophets and leaders.
By the time of Jesus and his disciples, the Hebrew Bible had already been established as 39 books. This was what Jesus meant when he referred to "the Scriptures. After the early church was established, people such as Matthew started writing historical records of Jesus' life and ministry, which became known as the Gospels. Church leaders such as Paul and Peter wanted to provide direction for the churches they established, so they wrote letters that were circulated throughout congregations in different regions. We call these the Epistles. A century after the launch of the church, hundreds of letters and books explained who Jesus was and what he did and how to live as his follower.