Paisagens da China e do Japão (Portuguese Edition)

Paisagens Da China E Do Japao (Classic Reprint)
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Talvez seja por serem de prata. Agora, do outro lado da mesa, acreditam que conquistaram o seu lugar. Um curso muito procurado, sobretudo por alunos da China Continental e que conta com professores de Las Vegas e Nevada. Falamos durante alguns segundos. Se for preciso explica-.

Paisagens da China e do Japão

Temos que apoiar o cliente! Tudo depende do tipo de jogador. Peter ensaia um perfil do jogador-tipo. Os casos de desespero. Atira um ar de quem se sente o rei do casino. E domina. Basta ver as contas. Apostam numa vida de sucesso. Demasiado humano. Um mecanismo. No ano passado, o restaurante recebeu a. Foi na zona de S. Afinal, uma boa imagem de Macau. Paragem final, ainda dentro do. Na Igreja de S.

A obra foi muito bem recebida em festivais internacionais. No meu caso consegui utilizar este instrumento para contar a parte positiva do nosso continente. Eu quis contar aquela parte que estava escondida. Evidentemente que, como todos os povos, vivemos com os nossos problemas. Quem teve a possibilidade de ver.

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His research has been supported by numerous awards, such as the FCT and C. As noted above, the influence of European culture on the Japanese art of the Momoyama period became a predominant research line over the last century. We will send you an SMS containing a verification code. This lack of historical contextualization suggests, on the one hand, that the authors of the murals were not Japanese, but native painters; and on the other hand, that reliable information about Japan that circulated in New Spain was limited. Katsuura BIg Hinamatsuri. This is not only a recently new introduced planning process both in Lisbon and other new cities,71 but also exceptional for it had been done by the two cultures together. Their religion is the worship of idols.

Vamos tentar dar mais cor, mais vida. No dia em que elas pu-. Leccionar cinema, evidentemente. Cinema mornas cabo-verdianas. Costumo dizer sempre que os cineastas africanos,. Disso se orgulha Bastos que a descobriu. Muitos e famosos artistas de todo o mundo pisaram os palcos de Macau, mas mais do que quem os convidou foi quem promoveu esses concertos que merece o aplauso, depois de anos de casas por encher dada a excessiva generosidade na oferta de ingressos. Talvez seja por ter uma prima casada com um macaense, que viveu em Cabo Verde.

Talvez por isso sempre tenha acalentado o sonho de um dia conhecer Macau. Entre Abril e Maio de , concretizei finalmente a viagem. Cheguei a Macau vindo de Pequim. Reencontrei velhos amigos e fiz muitos outros. Este foi um compromisso que assumiu ainda nos anos Afirma-se como uma ponte entre o Oriente e o Ocidente. Museu de Macau A partir de meados de Novembro. Inaugura no dia 1 de Setembro e promete surpreender os visitantes. Niki de Saint Phalle liga a realidade ao mundo ideal. Muito orientada para a pintura, revela todos os anos os novos talentos das artes de Macau.

Dezasseis imagens representam o que de melhor reserva a sua obra a partir e 26 de Outubro.

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Nasceu em Nova Iorque mas foi na Europa que encontrou o canto do jazz. Harriett Low foi uma das primeiras americanas a viver no Oriente, dedicando a Macau quatro anos da sua vida. Quinta da Atalaia, Portugal De 1 a 3 de Setembro. Timor, daqui Portugal! Apesar do crescente interesse pela China, as empresas portuguesas enfrentam muitas dificuldades para penetrar no grande mercado do mundo. Abril de , Almedina, Coimbra.

Conheça o Japão - Pontos Turísticos

Junho de , Editorial Caminho, Lisboa. Henrique Paiva. Julho de , Music Mob. Julho de , Movieplay. Foi a partir deles que conheci e me comecei a interessar pela arte marcial japonesa do Kendo. Ajuda-me muito a relaxar. A maioria dos praticantes chega aos treinos cansada e cheia de stress mas, depois de duas horas de Kendo, sentem-se revitalizados e bem dispostos. Mas por causa do Kendo gostaria de viver numa cidade japonesa. Paulista, , ext. Brigadeiro Faria Lima, Jd.

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It is interesting to compare cartography painting techniques that yield such different maps in the eastern and western world. The discovery of Japan, wrongly registered in the first description as an island and not an archipelago, was soon intro- duced in the Portuguese maps, as the news arrived to the cartographers. Fusion Urban planning in the 16th century 77 extend to the North and South of the main island, in two parallel strips. Francis Xavier and his companions, a concrete knowledge of the country was deployed, but through the lens of a mythical anticipation of the Japanese Empire to Christianity.

If we exclude the North-South orientation of the archipelago, the islands, from its position and dimension, originally remind us of the real archipelago. Girolamo de Angelis spent three years, from to , surveying in Ezo Hokkaido. The sounding of ports, bays and regions was done by both cultures, and from the reading of both Japanese and Portuguese sources it is clear that collaboration started, almost companionship among Japanese and Portu- guese, where the ties of trust reinforced relations between both cultures.

As soon as a trustworthy relationship started, Japanese became open to Christian values and customs. This was a regulation issued by the Society of Jesus in , which required that the children of Christians should attend Christian schools. If each school averaged 60 pupils, there must have been 12, pupils in western Japan being taught the new civilization and thought. Lisbon as an inspiration for Nagasaki Building a new city requires some experience and evolves from precedents. Nagasaki seems to have had a double influence, so we analyze the obvious precedents, Lisbon from the Western culture, and Nara and Kyoto from the Japanese one.

Later came the Greeks based on the same maritime commercial activity. They reported to the Governor of the whole Province. I, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, , p. Fusion Urban planning in the 16th century 79 The layout of the city of Lisbon during Phoenician times is not known, but their maritime commercial activity indicates a layout around the har- bour with a fishing port and no defensive structure. The Greeks came and overlaid their activities and city layout on the Phoenician ones, but the major impact was left during the Roman period of Lisbon, and on the highest hill where the castle is today a fortress castellum was built for defensive reasons.

On the slope, a theatre theatrum and buildings occupied the southern exposure of the hill and on the flat part of the city; buildings with colonnades surrounded the large public forum, a void in the dense city. In the valley, a stream running into the harbour soon was partly buried and used as sewage, following the usual Roman city engineering. After Roman decadence, in the year AD, Lisbon was invaded by Barbarians who kept long tribal wars and a new impact was to start in AD, when the North African Moslems, after the battle of Guadalete, occu- pied the south of the Iberian Peninsula and settled in Lisbon.

Their city was walled with strongholds and a fortress at the highest point. The city layout was an irregular maze of densely built slopes, where narrow streets were used as the only public space. The Arab city of Lisbon was turned inwards. A wall37 surrounded the whole city, the south exposed hill was densely built and the hills around became a productive ring around the city.

Nicolau, de Santa Justa e S. Rua Nova, redesigned and widened after the original street of the Middle Ages, became a new essential feature, strongly contributing to the cosmopolitan character of Renaissance Lisbon. Manuel In: Livro de Honra de D. Manuel I When the Jesuits left Lisbon to go to Eastern Asia, the most striking elements of Lisbon were the natural features: the large bay at the Tagus mouth, and the hills, crowning the flat area where two rivers were buried under the harbour plaza. Photo by the author These elements were strong references in the Portuguese minds that later had both to select a site for a commercial ocean city and to lay out its design afresh.

Fusion Urban planning in the 16th century 83 Nara as references for the Nagasaki officials, who are referred by Matsuda as having teamed up with the Portuguese for the founding of Nagasaki. Nara and Kyoto city layout Nara, the capital city of Japan before Kyoto, presents a city design repeated in many other cities: a grid pattern covers most of the flat areas, the mountain slopes or hills are not built on, and the rivers or streams freely cut the grid keeping their natural line through the built environment, and becoming an urban canal crossed by bridges.

Also, we cannot find any traces of empty areas outside the sanctuaries and temples, and the only public spaces are the linear narrow spaces along the canals and on the bridges. After Nara, Kyoto became the new capital of Japan in the 8th century and the site was thoroughly selected. The arrangement of the rivers in the fertile valley was also thought to be auspicious. To the South, the land opens out and the flat plain continues until it reaches the Osaka prefecture.

It was laid out on a square, each side being 2, geometric paces in length […].

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The city was divided in 38 main streets 44 Carpenter, Juliet W. A Western style copper bell inscribed with the Jesuit logo and the year was preserved in the temple Myoshin-ji. In this Colledge are many Japonian children trayned up, and instructed in the rudiments of Christian Religion, according to the Romish Church: There are not less than five or sixe hundred Japonians in this Citie of Miyaco professing Christ.

The school maybe had a Church and we can see boys in the upper floor veranda and girls in the lower buildings, Jesuits in the court and shops surrounding the building and selling Namban merchandises. As complementary informa- tion, this Japanese image confirms the documents written by the Jesuits.

In front of the windows of this suite was a garden with delightful and strange trees — cedars, cypresses, pines, orange-trees, as well as other varieties unknown in Europe — all of which are cultivated artificially, so that some are shaped like bells, others like towers, others like domes and so on. In the middle of this pond there are many kinds of islands linked by lovely wooden and stone bridges, and all this is shaded by beautiful trees.

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Without any doubt at all it is impossible to give any adequate description of this garden. The fact that public open large places are non-existent in Japanese cities is still a reality in the 20th century and is essential for the analysis that follows. We present an official letter from a public servant sent to the Mayor of Lisbon in , requesting information about these public plazas. I want to study those marvel- lous plazas and I need your explanations on the following points and also to experience being myself in those plazas: 1 — What is the use you expect to be performed by your plazas?

I will be very grateful if you send me this information that will permit me to achieve the wish I mention above. The founding of Nagasaki To study this subject, Jesuit reports were consulted and the Japanese sources also allowed us to confirm some of the essential elements.

Paisagens da China e do Japão

The documents, mostly compiled by Diego Pacheco54, find the first reference to Nagasaki in Western documents55 in a letter written by Brother Miguel Vaz from the town of Shiki in Fukada was not a well chosen port, the main danger being the position of the bay, open to the south coming typhoons. But all this evidence can in fact be reduced to three headings: firstly, the Japanese sources; secondly, the chronicle of the Jesuit mission; and thirdly, some lost letters, a few traces of which may, I believe, be found in the Historia of Luis de Guzman.

The agreement about Yokoseura, designed by these two men, was already like a draft of what later occurred in Nagasaki. Taking a pilot and some companions, the Father carefully explored the coast, sound- ing the bays to find out which seemed best.

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Most of these people were Christians exiled from various regions; some of them had been expelled by their lords or had withdrawn, not wishing to apostatize while others had been exiled and separated from their home as a result of the wars […]. When I reached Japan for the first time, there were about four hundred houses there.

Seeing that it was a good site they asked permission to establish a port there. But for good reasons Sumitada did not grant this permission. Although uninhabited and unknown, it was one of the best, safest, and largest ports of Japan. Commercial and religious activities immediately would follow and unexpectedly, the new city grew responding to the trading ambitions of its founders and also becoming a sanctuary and a haven of Christianity in Japan that protected Christians arriving from other cities. Fusion Urban planning in the 16th century 89 The population of Nagasaki grew very fast and this also indicates that the planners had adequately designed the city to encompass a large popula- tion.

By it had become a town known all over Japan, with a population of 5. At the beginning of the 17th century the population had reached To try and remedy the deficiencies, the Bishop that year gave Holy Orders to three Japanese clerics. The following year the number of parishes rose to five, three of them in the hands of the diocesan priests. In , the parishes numbered eight, and four of them — Santa Maria, S. Pedro, S. The main Portuguese actors who played a determinant role in the launching of this new waterfront city emerge from the reading of the docu- ments.

Later, Vilela played the role of urban planner and architect taking an active part in the foundation of the port of Nagasaki. Luis Almeida came later to evangelize and establish the church along with its many activities. From compiling all these sources, Diego Pacheco discovered that for a period of five years , the foundation of the port of Nagasaki was being at least thought and maybe planned by Cosme de Torres and Omura Sumitada in close collaboration.

At the end of , Torres appointed Gaspar 65 Matsuda, Kiichi, op. Vilela stayed in Nagasaki until the consulta at Shiki in August I lived there for two years and from there I embarked for India. The sounding was made by both men. On the other hand the date given by the same Japanese sources for the planning of the new city of Nagasaki seems correct; this took place under the direction of Tomonaga Tsushima in the spring of This work must have been done after the sounding of the port but before the arrival of the ship.

For urban planning processes this information is impor- tant for it shows that a good site selection was previous to the plan and the former previous to the building. This is not only a recently new introduced planning process both in Lisbon and other new cities,71 but also exceptional for it had been done by the two cultures together. It was first sold in Japan where silver was acquired, then again in China the silver was sold so that a larger amount of silk could be bought in China that finally was traded in India.

From the first voyage, the Liampo—Portuguese trading post in China recognised the great advantages of this new commercial scheme that became known in Portugal as the China business meaning a very profitable trade. Gaspar Vilela was in Nagasaki from to They are composed of the Ocean, the ship, the golden clouds, the Portuguese in processions, the Jesuits welcoming them, the church, the shop and the Japanese men and women, and all these elements recur in most of them.

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Using the Ni-honga technique of pigments and gold leaf, they have survived almost years in a very good shape and reflect the sense of rigorous observation proper to the Japanese culture. They reflect the movement around the Portuguese arrivals and the new objects impact on the local population. Photo by the author Another iconographic source are the old maps, as they allow us to have a clear idea of the city urban design at its start and how it grew with a major 73 Ibid.

What becomes evident when analyzing the Nagasaki maps the oldest one found dates back to is the fact that the Japanese urban planning tradition was not followed from the beginning, nor the Portuguese urban tradition; the final product is a mixed design of both cultures. It confirms the old map layout and they show the five elements selected to illustrate the idea of fusion urban planning: site selection, plaza, grid plan, open streams and building on the hills.

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Paisagens da China e do Japão (Portuguese Edition) eBook: Wenceslau José de Sousa de Morais: dynipalo.tk: Kindle Store. Paisagens da China e do Japão (Portuguese Edition) eBook: Venceslau de Morais: dynipalo.tk: Kindle Store.

Nagasaki is surrounded by hills higher than the ones in Lisbon; nevertheless, the site selection of Nagasaki refers directly to the precedent of Lisbon and from the previous analysis we know it was a Portuguese contri- bution for the founding of the city. The geographical reconstruction of the original 16th century layout was studied in order to find traces of the other four elements. This was based on the maps presented in the book about the Restoration of Nagasaki at the Edo time75, where the old layout is designed overlaying the present city layout.

The upper part of the city was also built, with magnificent views over the bay, and we trace three convents. The hill slope was built also in the Portuguese tradition along the topography and not restricted by a grid plan, churches and a Hospital are referred on the hill side.