klippingsberg.com/2482.php I recently edited a book in which there was a character who stuttered when he became anxious. There are guidelines about how to write stuttering and the best way to handle these characters and situations.
Less often, stuttering happens in the middle of a word typically with a consonant , but it follows the same rules. Is It a Stutter or a Pause? In those cases, use ellipses to show the break. This also means limiting the number of characters who stutter.
Really, any more than one can walk on the edge of overuse. Erin Servais is a book editor who knows all the little tips and tricks that will make your manuscript look good.
When a stutter starts a sentence, how do you treat the caps? The editor in me finds your first example to be more correct.
But, I think it looks better the second way. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Search for terms x. Save this study.
Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Last Update Posted : October 15, See Contacts and Locations. Study Description.
This study aims to test whether the application of transcranial direct current stimulation tDCS concurrent with fluency training results in improvements in speech fluency in adults with developmental stuttering, measured up to three months after the intervention. FDA Resources. Arms and Interventions.
Reading, narrative, and conversational speech tasks will be completed on each of the five intervention days. Sham stimulation will be delivered using a DC-stimulator in 'study-mode' for 20 minutes. Outcome Measures. Change from baseline i.
The Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering OASES is a standardised self-assessment to measure the effect of stuttering on a person's life, comprising of 4 sub-scores general information about speech, your reactions to stuttering, communication in daily situations, quality of life. Eligibility Criteria.
Inclusion Criteria: Participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study. Diagnosed with developmental stuttering of mild-moderate or greater severity Native speaker of English Normal or corrected-to-normal vision Normal hearing Exclusion Criteria: Speech, language or communication disorder other than developmental stuttering. Contraindication to brain stimulation tDCS or TMS Contraindication to MRI History of drug abuse History of a neurological or psychiatric illness Any previous neurosurgical procedures Taking prescription or over-the-counter medication that may affect brain function for example, anti-depressants Family history of epilepsy first degree relative Severe claustrophobia as they may be unable to tolerate scanner.
Contacts and Locations. Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor. Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials. More Information.
Her hobbies include going to concerts, playing poker, and collecting vinyl records. Be sure to keep a light on while you read it! Accordingly, stuttering may be legally classified as a disability in many parts of the world, affording stutterers the same protection from wrongful discrimination as for people with other disabilities. Feel free to leave comments or ask questions. Newer Entries.
National Library of Medicine U. National Institutes of Health U. Department of Health and Human Services. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Stuttering, Developmental. Not Applicable. Study Type :.
Estimated Enrollment :. Intervention Model Description:. Double-blind, placebo-controlled sham tDCS , randomised trial, with 20 participants with developmental stuttering recruited for each of the two arms of the trial. A researcher from another research group who is not involved in any aspect of the trial will perform the randomisation of participants into the sham and tDCS study arms using a minimisation procedure within "randPack" package in R Carey and Gentleman, Actual Study Start Date :.
Estimated Primary Completion Date :. Estimated Study Completion Date :. Active Comparator: Active TDCS and Fluency Intervention Participants will receive 1-milliamp mA tDCS with the anode 5 x 7 cm placed over the left frontal cortex and the cathode 5 x 7 cm placed symmetrically over the right frontal cortex.