The story is reviewed under two headings: 1 the problem and its solution, and 2 the action and its consequences. It is concluded that Mycroft's observations were insignificant and his deductions trivial, but his actions showed surprising energy, even though they were often inept. It was Sherlock, not Mycroft, who solved the problem with Watson's aid and took the decisive steps that saved Mela's life, although they were too late to prevent the escape of the criminals, the abduction of Sophy Kratides and the murder of Paul Kratides.
Still, we cannot help liking Mycroft. Purcell, J. Diogenes not only lends his name to the Diogenes Club but also his passion for truth and intellectual rigor. Holmes and Mycroft share these traits, explaining Mycroft's active role in helping Melas and Holmes's association with Watson.
Tattersall, James J. Dartmoor Revisited, or Discoveries in Devonshire. Pittsburgh, Pa. Baring-Gould, William S. Illustrated with three of Julian Wolff's maps. The Hound! Baskerville Hall. A reproduction of the holograph manuscript, dated , recounting the legend of the Baskervilles. Bedford, Michael, and Bruce Dettman. Bigelow, S. Boucher, Anthony. The only two years in which Holmes could have had a box at Covent Garden for Les Huguenots during October were and ; and as was impossible, the probable date for this tale is Campbell, Maurice. A commentary on Frank Sidgwick's letter DA , part of which is quoted, concerning the various dates in Houn.
Christ, Jay Finley. The author describes how he and Langdale Pike his alternate Sherlockian ego constructed a diagram of the Baskerville environs--within a five mile radius of the Hall. The only way in the least degree likely that the spaniel could have penetrated the bog was, of course, in the company of his master, Dr. James Mortimer. If this contention is valid, it necessarily follows that Dr. Mortimer must have been in league with Stapleton. Ellis, John Blunden. Wigmore Street Post-Bag. Frisbie, Owen P. On the origin of the Hound, nothing is known of blood lines.
One can, however, form a reasonably accurate opinion as to what breeding would be necessary to produce a hound of his stamp. Gordon, Richard M. Green, Roger Lancelyn. A suggestion that Lustleigh, located three miles north of Bovey Tracey, is the original Baskerville Hall. Ferndale, Mich. Side 2, Band 4. King and Pierre carried the evening.
Recorded, the Detroit Press Club, Hoerr, Willmer A. Certain similarities between Thackeray's Vanity Fair and Houn suggest that Watson may have been guilty of a bit of plagiarism. Holland, Glenn S. Holroyd, James Edward. Howard, Alan. Jenkins, William D. Considers another possible point of contact between Cabell and Doyle in addition to the one in Houn.
Jones, G. The adventure took place in , after The Return , but was deliberately antedated to conceal the fact that Holmes was still alive. Kissane, James and John M. Houn almost uniquely shows the hero-detective specifically championing empirical science against the challenge of the supernatural. Essential to the story's ritualistic design, the supernatural alternative is presented but is never really insistent. Punch , January 21, , The thesis is advanced that the tale was originally written in verse and may even have been intended for grand opera.
Krogman, W. In this adventure the Master showed a good working knowledge of anthropology. His knowledge of archeology is shown by repeated reference to prehistoric burial tumuli or barrows. In racial matters he referred to problems of ethnic background, even going so far as to equate behavior patterns with ethnic type. In a purely biological sense he and Sir Henry discussed the "anatomical peculiarities" of the peoples of South Africa probably the Bushman specifically.
The Master's use of anthropological lore mirrored the knowledge and ideas of his day. May, R. Merriman, Charles O. An illustrated description of several sites of Sherlockian interest that the author visited during a West County holiday. Metcalfe, Percy. Laura Lyons but to Bovey Tracey. Pattrick, Robert R. Pickard, Charles M. James Mortimer noticed the resemblance between Stapleton and the portrait of Hugo Baskerville and related his suspicions to Holmes, but Holmes admonished him to remain silent. Pratt, Fletcher.
Sherlock Holmes. Case assignment: Inspector Lestrade, ret. Enclosed with a letter dated October 22, , to W. Rabe from G. Lestrade in which he discusses the footprint of the gigantic hound. Ruber, P. Bell," BSG , 1, No. Then, taking into account that Watson was married to Mary Morstan in late fall of , and that he did not have any wife at the time of The Hound , plus the other reasoning outlined in Mr. Bell's work, It shall always be considered a collaboration, for one without the other would not have given us the greatest of the Tales.
Here live eternally the two renowned--they live--though we may pass away. San Juan, E. S [Sidgwick], F [Frank]. Watson ," The Cambridge Review , 23, No. Identified by A. Milne and, later, by Maurice Campbell as being the first study in Sherlockian higher criticism. Simms, Bartlett Dale. Newton Tracey and the area south of Okehampton and the village of Merrymeet should be considered as a possible locale for Houn. This environment seems to be verified by Herbert Carey in "Down Devon Lanes," where the lonely moors, the Dartmoor bogs, the ponies, etc.
Chagford, a resort area, was the focal point of the tale and legend. Solovay, Jacob C. Spectorsky, Fannie. A brief account of Mrs. Starrett, Vincent. New York: Bantam Books, . Of these The Hound of the Baskervilles is probably the masterpiece, in Christopher Morley's opinion and mine. Bell , nor yet in the year favoured by Mr. The description and a photograph of the tomb are reproduced by Dr. Barzun, Jacques, and Wendell Hertig Taylor. Black, Stuart. Harry M. Baskerville and the two tales laid on the Moor Houn and Silv are the subjects of this interesting article by an author intimately acquainted with Dartmoor.
Burton, Michael L. Watson informs us that the savage "hound of hell" was a cross between a bloodhound and mastiff. In this article the exact origin of the legendary canine is discussed. The historical lineage of the various breeds is traced and conclusions are drawn on what type of dog the beast was. Yours Incunabularly, No. Chambers, Peter. Holiday Express. An interview with National Park guide Mervyn Webber about his grandfather who played on the same village cricket team as Harry Baskerville. Cramer, William S. Watson, as a professional writer ever cognizant of the need to write his accounts of Holmes's cases so that they appealed to his reading public, purposefully fabricated portions of the Canon in order to assure an exciting, saleable story.
This article discusses portions of Houn that supposedly received such treatment. Crandell, Richard F. Curjel, Harald. Contents: Lines of Communication. Evans, Peter. Fowles, John. Ghillyer, P. Recent sightings on Dartmoor of a mysterious large animal has given rise to this letter on the origin of the Hound. Haydock, Ron.
Includes thirteen illustrations with descriptions. Hedlund, Magnus. Herzog, Evelyn. BSJ , 25, No. A marvellous reconstruction, in lines, of the poetic version of Houn. The theory that the story was originally written in verse was first advanced by E. Knox [ DA ]. Horton, Christopher. Jaeger, Frederick J. The Hound from Hell. Illustration by Sue Murphy. Lauterbach, Stewart. Lawson, Ruth. Marshall, Guy R. An account of the Society's visit to Dartmoor, where the members not only saw a hound but also what may have been the Master himself.
A photograph of the hound and detective appears on the front of the Society's Christmas card for Maurice, Arthur Bartlett. Seven Novels of Importance, 1. Theorizes, after five instalments, that Sir Henry's boots were stolen to determine if he had been cursed with the feet of a hound and, therefore, was the murderer of Sir Charles -- a strange but interesting hypothesis.
Further commentary on Houn in advance of the final instalment in the May issue of The Strand Magazine. McQueen, Ian. A summary of the author's contribution to the Society's meeting on September 30, , in which he notes some curiosities about this "successful" case. O'Brien, Emily. Jack Stapleton, evil genius of the Baskervilles, disappeared in the Grimpen Mire in his flight from justice, and was presumed dead.
Some years later, Robert Louis Stevenson wrote about a scheming English trader who had gained control of a South Sea island. The resemblance between the two seemed more than coincidental. The use by both of phosphorescent paints, local superstitions, and sheer ruthlessness to gain evil ends, along with their matching physical characteristics, strongly suggest that Stapleton escaped from Sherlock Holmes to work further mischief.
Plimpton, Calvin H. James Mortimer, M. Plimpton, M. BSJ , 27, No. Whitney, Mortimer, as a real doctor, would have recognized the exquisite pain of phosphorus when implanted on the skin of the Hound of the Baskervilles, and that if it were planted once, the Hound would never let it happen again! Poston, Lawrence, III.
Robinson, Roger. Rose, Lloyd. Rosenberger, Edgar S. Scherman, David E. New York: Random House, . A photograph of Dartmoor, "a place of rock and waste land," accompanied by a descriptive note and a passage from Houn. Stone, Ridley. An old man, claiming to have been a page at b, accosts an American seeking the address, indicates its location, and then shows and offers to sell a tooth asserted to be from the Hound.
The tooth was given by Sir Henry Baskerville to Holmes, and later recognized and bought from a pawnshop by the old man. The man disappears in the fog, leaving the American staring at the tooth in his hand. Watt, Donald J. The structuring of the plot carries the reader smoothly from Mortimer's cane to Stapleton's bog. The contrasting environments of sophisticated London and the primeval moor intensity the threat of lurking evil most effectively. And the figures of the mire and the net reinforce Doyle's theme tellingly at crucial junctures of the story line.
Wilson, Barbara L. Capsule Classic. A synopsis of the story; with a photograph of Barlowe Borland and Nigel Bruce from the 20th Century-Fox production of the film. Anderson, David. Sense of place in Houn emphasizes the story's literal meaning, but it also reinforces the mythic content. The moor is presented as a place of melancholy, darkness and sinister gloom, the home of Stapleton and the Hound.
Opposed to it are Holmes, Watson, and Baskerville, men of optimism, light, London. The ensuing struggle becomes a struggle between order and disorder -- one that is both resonant and relevant. Armstrong, Walter P. In Houn, Watson describes the great Grimpen Mire. Eliot picked this up and in "East Coker" refers to "a grimpen, where is no secure foothold. Doyle should be credited with adding a word to our native vocabulary. Ashe, Rosalind. Literary Houses. New York: Facts on File, . An exquisitely illustrated and fascinating guide to ten famous houses in fiction, including, of course, Baskerville Hall.
The chapter entitled " The Hound of the Baskervilles " p. A study of the early sales in this country of Houn. It was published on April 15, , and within a month was in its 70th thousand. According to The Bookman of that period, it was the best seller in the U. Balslev, Estrid. Superstition," Sherlockiana , 37, Nr. And so, thank God, the Hound is shot. Bengtsson, Ingela. Berdan, Marshall S. This highly irregular study in psychological scarlet focuses on the deranged and demented denizens of Dartmoor encountered by Holmes and Watson during their sojourn in the West Country.
The mysterious death of Sir Charles Baskerville pales in comparison to the cornucopia of abnormal psychotics gleaned in this "affected" analysis of the all-too-human elements of the most popular of all Sherlockian narratives. Brody, Howard. Internal evidence from Houn is compared with actual Dartmoor topography, yielding the conclusion that Baskerville Hall must have been located at or near a site labelled Hayford Hall on modern ordnance maps.
Reasons are offered for rejecting the traditional Baring-Gould identifications of Baskerville Hall with Lew House, etc. Brown, Terence. The Hound of the Baskervilles. Notes by Terrence Brown. York Notes, Hints for Study. Suggestions for Further Reading. Burr, Robert C. The Clayton Ritual. Cabell, Branch. Ladies and Gentlemen. New York: Robert M. A verse in six stanzas, beginning with the lines "Where would you look for things evil and murderous?
Campbell, Mary. Moving from ancient Greece through Rome and England to North America, the author traces the history of a craft known for literacy, political involvement and militancy as well as for merchandise on which it was safe for all classes to take a stand. The author also suggests that the most likely candidate for Meyers is James M.
The Hound of the Baskervilles: Dartmoor or Herefordshire? Charity, Andrew S. In the bestial, even mad, character of Selden, Houn shows the influence of contemporary biological-criminological theory. The character of Stapleton demonstrates, however, that Doyle believed that the evil which lurks beneath the surface is far more dangerous. The symbolic pattern of the novel and its juxtaposition of civilization and the forces of evil and chaos emphasize the theme of reversion which permeates the story. The name of Lord Clarendon, which is mentioned in the "curse" segment of Houn, may well point to "Eddy," the Duke of Clarence.
Not only does the name sound like Clarence, but the largest scandal involving "Eddy" was the Clarendon Street Scandal. Was the curse a cleansing of the spirit for Doyle? Was "Eddy" the model for Sir Hugo? Cooke, Michael L. The Ancient Curse of the Baskervilles. Plymouth: J. The prevailing atmosphere of the region adds to the situation on which Doyle, three years later, based his now famous tale. This is a "facsimile" edition of Dr. James Mortimer's own inscribed copy, and includes a holograph letter to him from Laura Lyons dated February Reviews: BSM , No.
Pollock, Jr. Cox, Don Richard. An analysis of Houn which Cox calls "the best of all the Holmes stories. In this novel, unlike the other novels and short stories in the Holmes canon, Doyle establishes a cosmology, an external philosophical framework in which his detective and loyal friend operate. What Doyle produces might properly be labelled a work of literature and not simply a piece of detective fiction. It seems that the mastiff of the Middle Ages was a lighter, swifter creature than the rather ponderous watchdog of more recent times. Thus a cross-bred mastiff would have made a swift and ferocious hunting hound.
Watson alighted at, feeling his tweed suit a shade too hot in that afternoon sun. They have even served to narrow down considerably the potential field of search for Baskerville Hall. Yet that field is still wide enough to test our wits and exercise our prejudices. Davies, David Stuart. A consideration of the sad situation of Dr. James Mortimer, using evidence presented in the story. Dirlam, Daphne. Includes the family tree on pages Djabri, Susan Cabell. Douglas, Alexander R. Agrees with The Rev. Basil Jones that Houn took place in ; also comments on some errors that Watson may have made in reporting the case.
In spite of the ambiguity in the dating of Houn, it is still possible that Holmes and Watson could have attended a performance of Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera Les Huguenots , starring the brothers Jean and Edouard de Reszke. Engholm, Kaj. Ferguson, Paul F. Watson clearly emerges the victor. His impressionistic perception of things may make him a less competent detective than Holmes, but it certainly makes him a better artist with a greater intuitive sense of truth.
And it certainly makes him a more sensitive human being.
This pastiche deals with the curious circumstance that the Hound was an unconscious conflation of Francis Thompson's hound of heaven and Thomas Hardy's Tess of the d'Urbervilles. Folsom, Henry T. A somewhat altered excerpt from the final version of Through the Years at Baker Street , dating Houn from September 25 to October 20, Galerstein, David H. They both loved each other, and she suffered abuse for trying to save him from the Hound.
Goldfarb, Clifford. Goslin, Vernon. It is inconceivable that Mortimer would have dragged Sir Henry off to stay at The Northumberland Hotel "the hotel-that-never-was" , a small tavern-cum-hotel at the end of a rather dingy turning off the Strand. Green, C. Frankland was actually a descendant of the yeoman, or franklin, who fathered the luckless maiden who died on the moor, hounded down by Sir Hugo Baskerville. This explains Frankland's interest in property rights around the Grimpen Mire. A respectable descendant of the Baskervilles was John, the type-designer. Green, Richard Lancelyn.
Exposes the forgery of a dust jacket on a first English edition of Houn that was to be offered for sale at an auction house in London. The Hound of the Baskervilles Dust Jacket London: Privately Printed, Christmas Webster and Geo. Arnold Johnson. Frankland of Lafter Hall, by Michael H. Can You Locate Baskerville Hall? Baskerville, an illustration by John J. Haining, Peter. Illustrated by Philip Emms. An account of stories based on "the hound from hell," including Stapleton's hound. With a cover illustration of the Hound by Terry Riley. This essay discusses the solution to the problem of how Jack Stapleton would inherit the Baskerville estate should he succeed in killing Sir Henry.
The solution presented is reasonable and based on strong Canonical evidence. Haugen, David. Hayter, Brian. Henderson, Bill. Hirayama, Yuichi. A brief description and history of the moors, noting that Cornwall and Devon have a fondness for diabolical animals, particularly phantom dogs known as "Whist Hounds," whose melancholy baying is said to render a journey along Abbotts Way across Dartmoor at night a daunting experience.
It was possibly from tales of these demon dogs that Doyle derived the theme for Houn. There may be a thread of a connection between Col. Mortimer and Dr. Mortimer," CHJ , 1, No. A chronology of important years in the life of Dr. James Mortimer, with a comment on the lack of information about Mrs. Hollyer, Cameron. Into the Bran Tub, pt. Howlett, Anthony D. Some Observations on the Dartmoor of Sherlock Holmes. June Hunt, A. A Paget drawing depicting Holmes, Watson and Sir Henry on the landing of a staircase within the hotel is of the Whitehall Place entrance to the Metropole Hotel, identified as the hotel used by Sir Henry.
The origins of the Baskerville family are traced back to Norman times. There is reference to the origin of the family wealth and its involvement at Bosworth Field in Included in the article is a diary of the adventure on a day-to-day basis. The legend is deduced to have been written some 81 years after Hugo's death by the Hound. The Baskerville family is further investigated back to AD, with proposals as to the forenames of the descendants and their dates. Hunter, Ian R. After attributing the authorship of Houn to both Doyle and Fletcher Robinson, who should be the main author, Hunter analyzes the build-up of suspense, and the differences that this technique of narration and character development have with other Canonical examples.
Jaffe, Jacqueline. James, P. Houn is selected as one of the six best detective stories. Holmes, they were the footprints of a gigantic hound. The Origin of the Hound. The Wild Hunt. The Black Dog. Hounds on Dartmoor. The Hound as Curse. Rival Claims. An interesting discussion of the legends and myths surrounding the Hound -- Celtic in origin, according to Jones -- and of the story of Hugo Baskerville itself, being an 18th-century version of the "broken-taboo-and-its-consequences myth.
The Mythology of The Hound of the Baskervilles. Rochester, Kent: Sir Hugo Books, This short work concentrates on the Celtic origins of the story and traces Doyle's inception, revealing a wide mythological and supernatural basis for the narrative. Jordan, Anne. Kawasaki, Tamotsu. Because The Hound of the Baskervilles is the story that includes most archaeological things in the Canon, the author tries to show the relationship of archaeology and Houn.
Letters to Baker Street. The author wonders why Doyle asked the former owners of Baskerville Hall for permission to use their name when he purportedly borrowed the name from Fletcher Robinson's coachman-chauffeur, Harry M. This article suggests areas requiring further research in Houn. It categorizes the areas according to questions dealing with the date of the case, the identification of The Times , the sources of the characters' names, the identity of Hugo Baskerville, the identification of place names, the location of Hound Tor, the location of Baskerville Hall, the distances travelled, archeological inaccuracies, zoological references, horticultural references, and breed of the hound.
Annotations by Brad Keefauver [Morton, Ill. Upon discovering nine missing minutes in Houn, the writer speculates on just what dialogue between Holmes and Mortimer filled those minutes, reaching conclusions on the criminal career of Rodger Baskerville. Rodger Baskerville the younger chose the alias of Vandeleur because of his admiration for Jack Vandeleur, the dangerous soldier of fortune from Robert Louis Stevenson's "The Rajah's Diamond.
Ghost ship! Lehman, David. Liebman, Arthur. McClure, Michael W. An examination of the origin of the Hound legend and Fletcher Robinson's influence upon Doyle to incorporate it into his novel. Nine panels representing a visual walk through Houn, each to be identified by the characters involved, location and activity. McNabb, Janice. The Curious Incident of the Hound on Dartmoor.
Occasional Papers, No. Lellenberg ; No. Naughton, Tom. Examines and criticizes Watson's use of the indirect narrative technique to modify his usual method of first-person narrative and then concludes that the author of Houn must be Sherlock Holmes himself. Nunn, Jessie Alford. Four Complete Adventure Novels. New York: Globe Book Co.
O'Brien, Thomas F. Upon his arrival in London, Henry Baskerville is already aware of Holmes and his deductive prowess. How is that possible in ? This article provides the answer. The eminent American chemist Charles Baskerville did much of his research on the oil shales of Canada. Thus, the Holmes-Baskerville connection is Charles Baskerville. He is acquainted with Holmes through their shared love of chemistry. He is acquainted with Henry through their shared name -- or are they relatives?
Lurye, Note A libe bam yam yiddishbookcenter. That if party loyalty was a form of patriotism, I was no patriot, and that I didn't think I was much of a patriot, anyway, for oftener than otherwise what the general body of Americans regarded as the patriotic course was not in accordance with my views; that if there was any valuable difference between being an American and a monarchist it lay in the theory that the American could decide for himself what is patriotic and what isn't; whereas the king could dictate the monarchist's patriotism for him--a decision which was final and must be accepted by the victim; that in my belief I was the only person in the sixty millions--with Congress and the Administration back of the sixty millions--who was privileged to construct my patriotism for me. The chief characters were always a couple of queens, with a quarrel in stock--historical when possible, but a quarrel anyway, even if it had to be a work of the imagination. Give me some more! It is important to avoid casting the professional in the role for which he is known.
Picking, August. Among the books is Houn: "Dog scares heir, heir hires Holmes, detective meets dog, heir spared, Watson tells all, o'er moor and fen. Pollock, Donald K. A bibliography of English language editions of Houn, limited to volumes in which it is the only story. There are 83 numbered items, including numerous variants.
Powell, John. Preece, Roy. Purves, Shirley, ed. Contents: Preface, by Shirley Purves. Bertillon, by Percy Metcalfe. Randall, Warren. A narrative epic of the Baskervilles in which each line rhymes. Meyers," CH , 3, No. A search of the Toronto directories reveals that the first Mr. Meyers of Houn fame was Joseph Meier, a boot and shoe manufacturer. His son James carried on the trade. Dartmoor ponies swallowed by the bog have a literary parallel in an "Tale of a Dartmoor Fog" in Chamber's Journal. The letters of the alphabet are used to form this verse: " A is for Anderson, North Carolina, A name that for murders just couldn't be finer The Penny Magazine , 35 , Conan Doyle in The Hound of the Baskervilles.
Rogers, Denise M. A commentary on the story of the spectral hound of Dartmoor and supernatural animal lore in other stories. Rosier, Carol. Ruyle, John. Baskerville Revisited: Further Reflections on the Hound. Berkeley: The Hangdog Press, Twenty-one Canonical quotations, each followed by a verse in four lines, beginning with: "What was it? What, in heaven's name, was it? Baskerville Visited: Reflections on the Hound. Berkeley: Grimpen Myers, Leger-Gordon, Ruth E. London: Robert Hale Ltd. Wakefield: E. Publishing, Shepherd, Walter. London: Arthur Barker Ltd. This shows how the naturalist Stapleton, in Houn, lost his head and talked natural history nonsense to Watson, and how Watson let Holmes down through carelessness in his account of Prio.
Simmons, Tom. A feature article with illustrations and a map for the prospective visitor. Smith, Edward and Janellen. An informative article about Dartmoor with mention of the fact that Sherlock Holmes once tracked down a murdering mastiff on the desolate moor. Southworth, Bruce E. The author discusses the reasons why, when Dr. Mortimer had a very promising career in London, he moved to the very isolated moors of Devonshire. The key to this relocation was the very noble Mrs. Mortimer, who put the safety of her husband's patients before her own happiness.
Strickland, Pat. Thomas, Robin. It is thought to have been the inspiration for Conan Doyle's Hound of the Baskervilles. Thomas, William C. These similarities consist of characters and surnames in the two stories, and center around the Baskerville family in the first novel and the Vandeleur in the second. Thrift, Jeffrey. Umansky, Harlan L. Vacante, Frank J. The Position of Hound in the Canon. The Inspiration. Claims of Harry Baskerville. Share Issue No. The author has "uncovered" a grave near Henry Baskerville's for James Mortimer in the graveyard of the parish church of St.
Andrew in Ashburton. Includes photographs of the gravestone. Weller, Philip, ed. Watson , by Frank Sidgwick. Speculates on the possible contents of the missing page from Watson's letters that he sent to Holmes from Baskerville Hall. Some considerations of the location of "The Northumberland Hotel," concluding that it was not "The Sherlock Holmes" pub site.
A description of the sepulchre of Richard Cabell at Buckfastleigh, the tomb of the man who was the source of one of the many hound legends on Dartmoor. West, Douglas E. Whitlam, Carol. An impressive defense, clearing the Hound "the hound that did nothing in the night-time" of all charges!
Wills-Wood, Christopher. Woodis, Roger. Yates, Donald. There are three different versions of Doyle's dedication in Houn to Bertram Fletcher Robinson, a friend who first suggested the idea and plot for this story. Even though Bertie and Max wrote detective stories that are long forgotten, both men apparently helped to give us Houn and, if only for this reason, will be remembered by Sherlockians forever. Baker Street Doggerel. Walsh, William J. Judd, Diane. Squire, William. Points out errors made by William J.
Walsh, and proposes that the compound could have been barium thiosulphate. Tracy, Jack. Holmes's failure to disclose the truth to Mary Sutherland may have tempted James Windibank to further mischief if, as is likely, Mary later set out in search of a husband again. The argument is advanced that this time the outcome for Mary was fatal, and that Holmes brought the villain to justice in the "commonplace little murder" alluded to in Nava.
The use of numerous French allusions in this tale may have been one way in which Doyle indirectly acknowledged his debt to Emile Gaboriau. Enberg, Henry W. Mary Sutherland saw through the evil scheme of her stepfather and mother and, with malice aforethought, added a few twists of her own. It fell to Holmes to not only solve the case, but also warn Mary not to go too far, while Watson merely identifies the case known to us all.
Mary Sutherland suffered from severe myopia, her parents' knowledge of which permitted the carrying out of the story's dastardly scheme. Kantoh, Shin-ichi. Offord, Lenore Glen. Questions how Holmes knew so unerringly that the marks on Miss Sutherland's purple plush sleeves were proof that she did a great deal of typing. The marks could also have been caused by pressure against some hard edge of furniture, e. This may be one of those rare occasions when Holmes based the right conclusions on wrong or doubtful observations.
Oglesbee, Frank W. A whimsical "list of details of interest" about an otherwise "trite matter," with a note on the present-day vicinity of Tottenham Court Road. Schwartz, Joel. A possible solution to Watson's conundrum as to which are the three continents where Holmes has the position of "unofficial advisor and helper to everybody who is absolutely puzzled. Thomalen, Robert E. Poet's Page. The author comments briefly on the "violin virtuoso" before quoting from an article entitled "Burglars and Burgling" The Strand Magazine [March ], in which Charlie Peace, the "crowned king of all burglars, housebreakers and scoundrels," is discussed.
A Toast to the Confreres of the Illustrious Client. An attribution of the origins of Col. Illustrated with two maps. Chorley, Jennifer. Fenton, Irving. Fiedler, Judith. Fredman, L. Claims Violet de Merville was the illegitimate daughter of the Prince of Wales, adding another scandal to his long list, and reflecting the tension between Victorian myth and reality.
Rhode, Franklin. The World of Sherlock Holmes. Schutz, Robert H. The author offers three descriptions from a catalog of Madame Tussaud's Exhibition at Baker Street Station to support his belief that Charlie Peace and Holmes were not actually friends. Williamson, J. Yuhasova, Helene. De Camara, Mary Philip. Baron Adelbert Gruner is the author's choice of the worst villain in the Canon. This diabolical Don Juan, an excellent adversary, despicable enough to bring out the best in Holmes, eventually meets with poetic justice. Winner of the Rosenblatt-Linsenmeyer Award for the best essay on "my favorite Sherlockian villain.
Weidner, Jean. Bengtsson, Hans-Uno. Bond, Scott. Reveals some surprising new insights into the relationship between Holmes and his "old friend" Charlies Peace, king of the Victorian cracksmen. Peace's career is reviewed as is his little-known role as protagonist in a lengthy series of "penny dreadful" magazines. Cantor, Murray A. Examination of the tale reveals that Holmes does no detective work, commits psychological and tactical blunders, and generally acts in an almost amateurish fashion. Is Watson conveying an underlying message? Two possibilities are suggested: Watson may be irritated at Holmes's behavior, or he may be preparing us for Holmes's inevitable decline with age.
Curtis, Donald E. Biographical data on the King is included, as well as the rationale behind Watson's claim that Illu was "the supreme moment in my friend's career. Donnelson, Gar. Thesis No. Higgins, W. Discusses the possible origin of the name of Dr. Hill Barton, and includes an illustration of Watson and Baron Gruner. Jones, Bob. Reflecting outstanding research, the author contributes the first Sherlockian piece on the Carlton Club. Established in , the Carlton--famous as London's best-known and exclusive Conservative club -- figures in Illu.
Jones's facts suggest that Illu is reminiscent of a scandalous affair that involved Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. A detailed account of the lives and careers of Henry Wainwright and Charles Peace and their connection with Holmes. Keefauver, Brad A. There is a vampire in Case Book, and not in Suss. Although Holmes never knew it, his "flat-footed upon the ground" stance, in one instance, very nearly cost him his life. Baron Adelbert Gruner is identified as the vampire. Kelly, Norman. The author relates his successful attempts to find out if the present Sotheby's and Christie's are the same two auction houses referred to in Illu.
MacDonald, Brian R. O'Malley, Jerome F. Illu is a disappointing story. In youth, the tulip-tree, or Liriodendron Tulipferum , the most magnificent of American foresters, has a trunk peculiarly smooth, and often rises to a great height without lateral branches; but, in its riper age, the bark becomes gnarled and uneven, while many short limbs make their appearance on the stem. Thus the difficulty of ascension, in the present case, lay more in semblance than in reality.
Robin Anderson, an internationally known author and interior designer was born in Scotland and brought up in the former Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Robin Anderson, an internationally known author and Thirteen Tales of Textual Arousal Vol. 2 - Kindle edition by Robin.
Embracing the huge cylinder, as closely as possible, with his arms and knees, seizing with his hands some projections, and resting his naked toes upon others, Jupiter, after one or two narrow escapes from falling, at length wriggled himself into the first great fork, and seemed to consider the whole business as virtually accomplished. The risk of the achievement was, in fact, now over, although the climber was some sixty or seventy feet from the ground. The negro obeyed him promptly, and apparently with but little trouble; ascending higher and higher, until no glimpse of his squat figure could be obtained through the dense foliage which enveloped it.
Presently his voice was heard in a sort of halloo. Look down the trunk and count the limbs below you on this side. How many limbs have you passed? In a few minutes the voice was heard again, announcing that the seventh limb was attained. If you see anything strange, let me know. I had no alternative but to conclude him stricken with lunacy, and I became seriously anxious about getting him home. Tis berry hebby bug. Look here, Jupiter, do you hear me? Now, I suppose, you can find the left eye of the skull, or the place where the left eye has been. Have you found it?
I got de lef eye now — here de lef eye! Legrand immediately took the scythe, and cleared with it a circular space, three or four yards in diameter, just beneath the insect, and, having accomplished this, ordered Jupiter to let go the string and come down from the tree. Driving a peg, with great nicety, into the ground, at the precise spot where the beetle lay, my friend now produced from his pocket a tape[[-]]measure.
Fastening one end of this at that point of the trunk of the tree which was nearest the peg, he unrolled it till it reached the peg, and thence farther unrolled it, in the direction already established by the two points of the tree and the peg, for the distance of fifty feet — Jupiter clearing away the brambles with the scythe. At the spot thus attained a second peg was driven, and about this, as a centre, a rude circle, about four feet in diameter, described. Taking now a spade himself, and giving one to Jupiter and one to me, Legrand begged us to set about digging as quickly as possible.
The lanterns having been lit, we all fell to work with a zeal worthy a more rational cause; and, as the glare fell upon our persons and implements, I could not help thinking how picturesque a group we composed, and how strange and suspicious our labors must have appeared to any interloper who, by chance, might have stumbled upon our whereabouts.
We dug very steadily for two hours. Little was said; and our chief embarrassment lay in the yelpings of the dog, who took exceeding interest in our proceedings. He, at length, became so obstreperous that we grew fearful of his giving the alarm to some stragglers in the vicinity; — or, rather, this was the apprehension of Legrand; — for myself, I should have rejoiced at any interruption which might have enabled me to get the wanderer home. A general pause ensued, and I began to hope that the farce was at an end.
Legrand, however, although evidently much disconcerted, wiped his brow thoughtfully and recommenced. We had excavated the entire circle of four feet diameter, and now we slightly enlarged the limit, and went to the farther depth of two feet. Still nothing appeared. The gold-seeker, whom I sincerely pitied, at length clambered from the pit, with the bitterest disappointment imprinted upon every feature, and proceeded, slowly and reluctantly, to put on his coat, which he had thrown off at the beginning of his labor.
In the mean time I made no remark. Jupiter, at a signal from his master, began to gather up his tools. This done, and the dog having been unmuzzled, we turned in a profound silence towards home. We had taken, perhaps, a dozen steps in this direction, when, with a loud oath, Legrand strode up to Jupiter and seized him by the collar. The astonished negro opened his eyes and mouth to the fullest extent, let fall the spades, and fell upon his knees.
Here my friend, about whose madness I now saw, or fancied that I saw, certain indications of method, removed the peg nearest the tree, to a spot about three inches to the westward of its former position. Taking, now, the tape-measure from the nearest point of the trunk, as before, and continuing the extension in a straight line to the distance of fifty feet, a spot was indicated, removed, by several yards, from the point at which we had been digging.
Around the new position a circle, somewhat larger than in the former instance, was now described, and we again set to work with the spades. I had become most unaccountably interested — nay, even excited. Perhaps there was something, amid all the extravagant demeanor of Legrand — some air of forethought, or of deliberation, which impressed me. I dug eagerly, and now and then caught myself actually looking, with something that very much resembled expectation, for the fancied treasure, the vision of which had demented my unfortunate companion.
At a period when such vagaries of thought most fully possessed me, and when we had been at work perhaps an hour and a half, we were again interrupted by the violent howlings of the dog. His uneasiness, in the first instance, had been, evidently, but the result of playfulness or caprice, but he now assumed a bitter and serious tone.
In a few seconds he had uncovered a mass of human bones, forming two complete skeletons, and intermingled with several buttons of metal, and what appeared to be the dust of decayed woollen. One or two strokes of a spade upturned the blade of a large Spanish knife, and, as we dug farther, three or four loose pieces of gold and silver coin came to light.
At sight of these the joy of Jupiter could scarcely be restrained, but the countenance of his master wore an air of extreme disappointment. He urged us, however, to continue our exertions, and the words were hardly uttered when I stumbled and fell forward, having caught the toe of my boot in a large ring of iron that lay half buried in the loose earth. We now worked in good earnest, and never did I pass ten minutes of more intense excitement. During this interval we had fairly unearthed an oblong chest of wood, which, from its perfect preservation and wonderful hardness, had plainly been subjected to some mineralizing process — perhaps that of the Bi-chloride of Mercury.
This box was three feet and a half long, three feet broad, and two and a half feet deep. It was firmly secured by bands of wrought iron, riveted, and forming a kind of open trellis-work over the whole. On each side of the chest, near the top, were three rings of iron — six in all — by means of which a firm hold could be obtained by six persons. Our utmost united endeavors served only to disturb the coffer very slightly in its bed. We at once saw the impossibility of removing so great a weight.
Luckily, the sole fastenings of the lid consisted of two sliding bolts. These we drew back — trembling and panting with anxiety. In an instant, a treasure of incalculable value lay gleaming before us. As the rays of the lanterns fell within the pit, there flashed upwards a glow and a glare, from a confused heap of gold and of jewels that absolutely dazzled our eyes.
I shall not pretend to describe the feelings with which I gazed. Amazement was, of course, predominant. Legrand appeared exhausted with excitement, and spoke very few words. He seemed stupified — thunderstricken. Presently he fell upon his knees in the pit, and, burying his naked arms up to the elbows in gold, [[here appears the first illustration, resuming beneath the illustration, continuing from column 7 and resuming at the bottom of column 6:]] let them there remain, as if enjoying the luxury of a bath. At length, with a deep sigh, he exclaimed, as if in a soliloquy,.
Aint you shamed ob yourself, nigger? It became necessary, at last, that I should arouse both master and valet to the expediency of removing the treasure. It was growing late, and it behooved us to make exertion, that we might get every thing housed before daylight. It was difficult to say what should be done, and much time was spent in deliberation — so confused were the ideas of all.
We, finally, lightened the box by removing two-thirds of its contents, when we were enabled, with some trouble, to raise it from the hole. The articles taken out were deposited among the brambles, and the dog left to guard them, with strict orders from Jupiter neither, upon any pretence, to stir from the spot, nor to open his mouth until our return. Worn out as we were, it was not in human nature to do more immediately.
We rested until two, and had supper; starting for the hills immediately afterwards, armed with three stout sacks, which, by good luck, were upon the premises. A little before four we arrived at the pit, divided the remainder of the booty, as equally as might be, among us, and, leaving the holes unfilled, again set out for the hut, at which, for the second time, we deposited our golden burthens, just as the first faint streaks of the dawn gleamed from over the tree-tops in the East. We were now thoroughly broken down; but the intense excitement of the time denied us repose.
The chest had been full to the brim, and we spent the whole day, and the greater part of the next night, in a scrutiny of its contents. There had been nothing like order or arrangement.
Every thing had been heaped in promiscuously. Having assorted all with care, we found ourselves possessed of even vaster wealth than we had at first supposed. In coin there was rather more than four hundred and fifty thousand dollars — estimating the value of the pieces, as accurately as we could, by the tables of the period.
There was not a particle of silver. All [Bottom of column 7:] was gold of antique date and of great variety — French, Spanish, and German money, with a few English guineas, and some counters of which we had never seen specimens before. There were several very large and heavy coins, so worn that we could make nothing of their inscriptions. There was no American money. The value of the jewels we found more difficulty in estimating. There were diamonds — some of them exceedingly large and fine — a hundred and ten in all, and not one of them small; eighteen rubies of remarkable brilliancy; — three hundred and ten emeralds, all very beautiful; — and twenty-one sapphires, with an opal.
These stones had all been broken from their settings and thrown loose in the chest. The settings themselves, which we picked out from among the other gold, appeared to have been beaten up with hammers, as if to prevent identification. Besides all this, there was a vast quantity of solid gold ornaments; — nearly two hundred massive finger and ear rings; — rich chains — thirty of these, if I remember; — eighty-three very large and heavy crucifixes; — fine gold censers of great value; — a prodigious golden punch-bowl, ornamented with richly chased vine-leaves and Bacchanalian figures; with two sword handles exquisitely embossed, and many other smaller articles which I cannot recollect.
The weight of these valuables exceeded three hundred and fifty pounds avoirdupois; and in this estimate I have not included one hundred and ninety-seven superb gold watches; three of the number being worth each five hundred dollars, if one. Many of them were very old, and as time-keepers valueless; the works having suffered, more or less, from corrosion — but all were richly jewelled and in cases of great worth. We estimated the entire contents of the chest, that night, at a million and a half of dollars, and, upon the subsequent disposal of the trinkets and jewels a few being retained for our own use it was found that we had greatly undervalued the treasure.
When, at length, we had concluded our examination, and the intense excitement of the time had, in some measure, subsided, Legrand, who saw that I was dying with impatience, for a solution of this most extraordinary riddle, entered into a full detail of all the circumstances connected with it. When you first made this assertion I thought you were jesting; but afterwards I called to mind the peculiar spots on the back of the insect, and admitted to myself that your remark had some little foundation in fact.
Still, the sneer at my graphic powers irritated me — for I am considered a good artist — and, therefore, when you handed me the scrap of parchment, I was about to crumple it up and throw it angrily in the fire. It was quite dirty, you remember. For a moment I was too much amazed to think with accuracy. I knew that my design was very different in detail from this — although there was a certain similarity in general outline.
Presently I took a candle, and seating myself at the other end of the room, proceeded to scrutinize the parchment more closely. Upon turning it over, I saw my own sketch upon the reverse, just as I had made it. I say the singularity of this coincidence absolutely stupified me for a time. This is the usual effect of such coincidences. The mind struggles to establish a connection — a sequence of cause and effect — and, being unable to do so, suffers a species of temporary paralysis.
But, when I recovered from this stupor, there dawned upon me gradually a conviction which startled me even far more than the coincidence. I became perfectly certain of this; for I recollected turning up first one side and then the other, in search of the cleanest spot. Had the skull been then there, of course I could not have failed to notice it. I arose at once, dismissing all farther reflection until I should be alone. In the first place I considered the manner in which the parchment had come into my possession. Upon my seizing it, it gave me a sharp bite, which caused me to let it drop.
Jupiter, with his accustomed caution, before seizing the insect, which had flown towards him, looked about him for a leaf, or something of that nature, by which to take hold of it. It was at this moment that his eyes, and mine also, fell upon the scrap of parchment, which I then supposed to be paper. It was lying half buried in the sand, a corner sticking up. The wreck seemed to have been there for a very great while; for the resemblance to boat timbers could scarcely be traced.
Soon afterwards we turned to go home, and on the way met Lieutenant G —. I showed him the insect, and he begged me to let him take it to the fort. Upon my consenting, he thrust it forthwith into his waistcoat pocket, without the parchment in which it had been wrapped, and which I had continued to hold in my hand during his inspection.
Perhaps he dreaded my changing my mind, and thought it best to make sure of the prize at once — you know how enthusiastic he is on all subjects connected with Natural History. At the same time, without being conscious of it, I must have deposited the parchment in my own pocket. I looked in the drawer and found none there. I searched my pockets, hoping to find an old letter, when my hand fell upon the parchment. I thus detail the precise mode in which it came into my possession; for the circumstances impressed me with peculiar force.
I had put together two links of a great chain. There was a boat lying upon a sea-coast, and not far from the boat was a parchment — not a paper — with a skull depicted upon it. Parchment is durable — almost imperishable. Matters of little moment are rarely consigned to parchment; since, for the mere ordinary purposes of drawing or writing, it is not nearly so well adapted as paper. I did not fail to observe, also, the form of the parchment.
Although one of its corners had been, by some accident, destroyed, it could be seen that the original form was oblong. It was just such a slip, indeed, as might have been chosen for a memorandum — for a record of something to be long remembered and carefully preserved. My steps were sure and could afford but a single result. When I had completed the drawing I gave it to you, and observed you narrowly until you returned it. You , therefore, did not design the skull, and no one else was present to do it. Then it was not done by human agency.
And nevertheless it was done. The weather was chilly oh rare and happy accident! I was heated with exercise and sat near the table. You, however, had drawn a chair close to the chimney. Just as I placed the parchment in your hand, and as you were in the act of inspecting it, Wolf, the Newfoundland, entered, and leaped upon your shoulders.
With your left hand you caressed him and kept him off, while your right, holding the parchment, was permitted to fall listlessly between your knees, and in close proximity to the fire. At one moment I thought the blaze had caught it, and was about to caution you, but, before I could speak, you had withdrawn it and were engaged in its examination. When I considered all these particulars, I doubted not for a moment that heat had been the agent in bringing to light, upon the parchment, the skull which I saw designed upon it.
Its outer edges — the edges of the drawing nearest the edge of the vellum — were far more distinct than the others. It was clear that the action of the caloric had been imperfect or unequal. I immediately kindled a fire, and subjected every portion of the parchment to a glowing heat. A closer scrutiny, however, satisfied me that it was intended for a kid. I at once looked upon the figure of the animal as a kind of punning or hieroglyphical signature.
I say signature; because its position upon the vellum suggested this idea. But I was sorely put out by the absence of all else — of the body to my imagined instrument — of the text for my context. The fact is, I felt irresistibly impressed with a presentiment of some vast good fortune impending. I can scarcely say why. And then the series of accidents and coincidences — these were so very extraordinary. These rumors must have had some foundation in fact.
And that the rumors have existed so long and so continuously, could have resulted, it appeared to me, only from the circumstance of the buried treasure still remaining entombed. Had Kidd concealed his plunder for a time, and afterwards reclaimed it, the rumors would scarcely have reached us in their present unvarying form. You will observe that the stories told are all about money-seekers, not about money-finders. Had the pirate recovered his money, there the affair would have dropped.
It seemed to me that some accident — say the loss of a memorandum indicating its locality — had deprived him of the means of recovering it, and that this accident had become known to his followers, who otherwise might never have heard that treasure had been concealed at all, and who, busying themselves in vain, because unguided attempts, to regain it, had given first birth, and then universal currency, to the reports which are now so common. Have you ever heard of any important treasure having been unearthed by the diggers for money along the coast?
I took it for granted, therefore, that the earth still held them; and you will scarcely be surprised when I tell you that I felt a hope, nearly amounting to certainty, that the parchment so strangely found, involved a lost record of the place of deposit. I now thought it possible that the coating of dirt might have something to do with the failure; so I carefully rinsed the parchment by pouring warm water over it, and, having done this, I placed it in a tin pan, with the skull downwards, and put the pan upon a furnace of lighted charcoal.
In a few minutes, the pan having become thoroughly heated, I removed the slip, and, to my inexpressible joy, found it spotted, in several places, with what appeared to be figures arranged in lines. Again I placed it in the pan, and suffered it to remain another minute. Upon taking it off, the whole was just as you see it now.
Here Legrand submitted the parchment to my inspection. Were all the jewels of Golconda awaiting me upon my solution of this enigma, I am quite sure that I should be unable to earn them. These characters, as any one might readily guess, form a cipher — that is to say, they convey a meaning; but then, from what is known of Kidd, I could not suppose him capable of constructing any of the more abstruse cryptographs. I made up my mind, at once, that this was of a simple species — such, however, as would appear, to the crude intellect of the sailor, absolutely insoluble without the key.
Circumstances, and a certain bias of mind, have led me to take interest in such riddles, and it may well be doubted whether human ingenuity can construct an enigma of the kind which human ingenuity may not, by proper application, resolve. In fact, having once established connected and legible characters, I scarcely gave a thought to the mere difficulty of developing their import. In general, there is no alternative but experiment directed by probabilities of every tongue known to him who attempts the solution, until the true one is attained. But, with the cipher now before us, all difficulty was removed by the signature.
But for this consideration I should have begun my attempts with the Spanish and French, as the tongues in which a secret of this kind would most naturally have been written by a pirate of the Spanish main. As it was, I assumed the cryptograph to be English. Had there been divisions, the task would have been comparatively easy. In such case I should have commenced with a collation and analysis of the shorter words, and, had a word of a single letter occurred, as is most likely, a or I , for example, I should have considered this solution as assured.
But, there being no division, my first step was to ascertain the predominant letters, as well as the least frequent. E predominates so remarkably that an individual sentence of any length is rarely seen, in which it is not the prevailing character.