Comment by Stephen Miles, director of Win Without War: It is nearly impossible to overstate how backwards and counterproductive our bi-partisan obsession with arming the world is, but here's example number 7, CNN has more details about the spread of U. There were credible reports late last year that the Saudis and Emiratis had been violating their agreements with the U. Mohamed Abo-Elgheit and the Arab Reporters for Investigative Journalists Arij were the first to cover this story in a documentary released in We know that they and their proxies use these weapons to commit war crimes and heinous abuses of the civilian population.
This is what happened in Syria, and it is what usually happens when we throw weapons at an ongoing, multi-sided conflict. That is why the U. In this case, some weapons have ended up in the hands of both Al Qaeda members and the Houthis. This latest outrage comes on top of the arming and financing that the Saudi coalition and its proxies have been providing to Al Qaeda members in Yemen and the alliance of convenience that has existed between the coalition and Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula AQAP since the war began.
Our clients provide the terrorists with these weapons because they and our government are all on the same side in an indefensible war that our government has supported for close to four years. These latest reports are just the most recent evidence that the Saudis and Emiratis are not our allies and cannot be trusted with the weapons and support that our government has eagerly provided them. It is one more reason why the U. But is anyone surprised? Some of these weapons have also been seized by Iranian-backed militias, CNN claims.
The report paints a depressing, but familiar picture. Picking sides in foreign wars has historically proven disastrous for the United States, yet successive administrations have made the same mistakes again and again. As CNN repeated the White House line on Syria, the network published just one report hinting that things might be amiss. Some in the United States are questioning whether Saudi Arabia, under the leadership of a year-old prince accountable to no one, is any ally at all.
How did we get here? The last two years have made that bargain seem extremely short-sighted. But the process that leads the world to this point began almost two decades ago, in the panicked chaos that followed the September 11, , attacks on New York and Washington. Torture was justified if using it could extract information from a human being that would save innocent lives.
The ends justified the horrific means. If you can justify denying the humanity of one person, why not millions? Why not starve 85, children to death? These heinous, illegal deeds did not reduce the number of deaths due to terrorist attacks. The past two decades have seen a dramatic rise in attacks around the world, in Iraq, Afghanistan and then in Syria, where Daesh and the Syrian regime tortured thousands to death, despite each group being on opposite sides of the conflict.
Laws, after all, became silent the second the first plane hit the World Trade Center that sunny Tuesday morning. Trump was the inheritor of a global regime of immense cruelty that began years ago, while he was still a game show host. What does all that have to do with Yemen? Saudi Arabia, in particular, has used its experience in torture not just for those affiliated with terrorist groups, but also human rights activists who criticise Riyadh.
Saudi torturers can operate without fear of legal consequence , just as Cheney still remains a free man. If a war lasts forever, can laws stay silent forever, too? Doctors announced cases of leprosy in Aden. In a symposium held by the Medicine College, doctors said the reason behind this disease is the wave of displacement to Aden. Retired Danish general Michael Lollesgaard arrived Tuesday in Sanaa to head the UN observer mission in war-wracked Yemen and replace his predecessor whose ties with the rebels were reportedly strained. Lollesgaard replaces Patrick Cammaert, the Dutch general who had been tapped a little over a month ago to lead the mission deployed in the lifeline Red Sea port city of Hodeida.
Is there really a ceasefire in Hodeidah? Why does Yemen matter anyway? He said in a statement to the Yemeni news agency Saba that "the US-Saudi mercenaries targeted by artillery shells, 16 missiles, 91 bombs and 34 movement operations, farms and Yemeni Army' sites in several districts.
The Yemeni Army monitored movements of trucks carrying supplies of US-Saudi mercenaries and a bulldozer making fortifications. US-Saudi mercenaries fired more than 15 artillery shells on civilians' houses and Medicine College. The mercenaries also targeted Ad-durayhimi district by machine guns with artillery shells. Retired Dutch General Patrick Cammaert, head of a UN truce team tasked with monitoring a ceasefire in the port city of Hodeida, has contacted the UN Envoy to Yemen Martin Griffiths, informing him that the Houthis refuses political solution, a Saudi newspaper has reported.
Okaz newspaper said that Cammeart requested Griffiths to put pressures on the Houthis to implement the Stockholm Agreement. The Houthis had refused a suggestion to withdraw all forces of fighting parties from Hodeida and form local and security authorities in order to implement the agreement entirely.
Representatives of both Yemeni warring factions attended on Monday a meeting for the second consecutive day to discuss the withdrawal of rebel forces from the turbulent Red Sea port city of Hodeidah, a government official said. During the meeting, Cammaert presented his plan regarding the withdrawal of the Houthi rebels from Hodeidah's key ports and listened to reactions from the two-warring factions representatives, the governor said.
Taher said the government representatives voiced support for Cammaert's plan and suggested some slight amendments that included adding a condition of defusing all landmine fields set up by Houthis. The Houthi representatives refused a number of points included in Cammaert's plan, according to Hodeidah's governor who pointed out that constructive results may be achieved during the next meetings of the RCC. On Sunday, key topics were discussed during the first meeting aboard the UN-hired ship including reopening main roads for humanitarian purposes and reducing cease-fire violations as well as withdrawing Houthi rebels from the Hodeidah's ports.
Representatives from both parties met for a second day on a ship on the Red Sea on Monday, U. The violations of the cease-fire continued in the province of Hodeidah by the US-Saudi aggression and its mercenaries during the past 24 hour, targeting residential areas and neighborhoods. The forces of aggression targeted 50th Street, 7 July area and the airport with heavy and medium-sized automatic weapons.
Civilians killed in al-Houthi shelling and displacement of residents of Al-Mandhar neighborhood- south of Hodeidah. A civilian was killed by wounds sustained as a result of the al-Houthi shelling on Hees district of southern Hodeidah, while the Houthis continue to shell a number of sites south of Hodeidah province. A civilian, Mohammed Zeid, died of shrapnel from a mortar shell fired by the Houthis at his home in the city of Hees, the Media Center of Giants Brigades said.
On the one hand, a number of residents of al-Hook District, south of the city of Hodeidah, were displaced Saturday to areas outside the city as a result of indiscriminate shelling by Houthi militias on a daily basis, "he said. In Hodeidah, a number of mortar shells landed near Kuwait Hospital in the 7th of July neighborhood in Al-Hally district. The invaders and mercenaries targeted the Airport, the Union Area, and 50th street in the city with artillery and machine-guns, while jets and drones continued to fly in the sky of the city and port of Hodeidah.
General Cammaert opened the meeting by underlining the importance of respecting the ceasefire which came into effect on 18 December. He warned the parties about the fragility of the ceasefire and urged them to instruct their commanders on the ground to refrain from any further violations that would jeopardize the Stockholm Agreement and the broader peace process for Yemen. Talks are cordial and constructive. They will continue tomorrow.
The parties met on a U. According to the report, the Saudi-led coalition violated the ceasefire regime established in al-Hudaydah province 3, times. The Yemeni military claimed that Saudi-led forces had used missiles and 2, mortar shells as well as opened fire using heavy weapons times. The report added that Saudi warplanes had carried out airstrikes across Yemen during the same period. Yemen's Houthi rebels committed more than violations of the UN-brokered ceasefire in Hodeidah in the past four weeks, causing dozens of deaths, the government and the allied Arab military coalition said.
In a letter seen by The National, the governments of Yemen and coalition members Saudi Arabia and the UAE called on the Security Council to increase international pressure on the Houthis in light of their continued violations. According to a detailed list included in the letter, the rebels killed 48 and wounded in attacks since January 3. In total, the rebels violated the ceasefire in the Red Sea port city and surrounding areas times since it went into effect on December 18, causing 71 deaths.
Despite these challenges, women have seen impressive gains in terms of representation. For example the National Dialogue1 which saw consistent and high levels of representation of women across delegates, stakeholders and committees, including in decision-making capacities. This report has reviewed the evidence and assessed the quality of the evidence in relation to women, peace and security WPS in Yemen.
It finds that women are active in multiple different ways to both influence the conflict and the peacebuilding efforts as well as negotiating and delivering relief to affected populations. Sonst werde der ausgehandelte Waffenstillstand scheitern. Woche eins lief viel besser als Woche vier. Es wird immer noch geschossen. Der Jemen braucht jetzt einen konstruktiven internationalen Einsatz. Das muss Europa klarstellen.
Es ist schockierend. Sollte das Land die Waffenexporte stoppen? Miliband: Ja. Film: Yemeni journalist Hassan Al-Haifi war live. Commercial drones are increasingly being employed as a tool of political violence - will they be the new guerilla weapon of choice? What do the chaos in Venezuela and the breakdown of the ceasefire in Yemen have in common? Eliot Higgins, the British founder of the investigative journalism network Bellingcat, to talk more about what motivated him to start the website.
EH: On August 9, , a bomb struck a busy market area in the centre of Dahyan, Saada Governorate, Yemen, killing 54 civilians, 44 of which were children. Following this strike the Saudi-led coalition spokesperson, Turki al-Malki, stated that they had hit a "legitimate military target", as a response to a ballistic missile fired into Saudi Arabia the previous day. However, as indicated in the Bellingcat article , this statement was disproved through video footage from inside the bus prior to the strike. It showed children crammed on the bus with few adults and no military personnel.
Bellingcat proceeded to verify that the size of the bus in the video was consistent with photos of its wreckage taken after the airstrike.
Followed by additional cross-referencing with satellite images from Dahayan which showed no obvious military presence of the Houthi rebels there. More recently we've been working with groups focused on the conflict in Yemen, and that involves training local groups, creating networks of organisations, and in the long term improving the quality of reporting on Yemen.
More than one hundred women inside and outside Yemen have drafted an open letter to the UN Envoy, endorsed by solidarity from women and civil society organisations from the MENA region and the world. Visit our page to read the full letter sent to the New Event:. Among female-headed IDP and host community households, nearly 21 per cent are headed by females below the age of 18 .
It is estimated that 8 million have lost their livelihoods  , amid complete or interruption of civil servants salaries and suspension of the social welfare fund cash aid transfers to vulnerable groups. Women have been targeted by airstrikes in their homes, weddings, funerals, schools, and markets. They have been directly targeted by snipes, and they have fallen victims of indiscriminate shelling and mines explosions.
They have been shot at with live bullets during their peaceful demonstrations and they have been detained arbitrarily. Ohne weitere Hilfe sind etwa Die anstehende internationale Geberkonferenz am In Aden , Yemen , UNICEF continues to support collective centers for displaced communities from Al Hudaydah through provision of clean water , installation of water tanks and temporary latrines, thanks to the support of the German development bank KfW. Thanks to these interventions, more than 10, people will soon have access to safe water photo.
Providing a way to ensure water sustainability is a necessary. SMEPS supports farmers with water tanks to save rainwater and use it for coffee cultivation. This solution is definitely cost effective! My comment: Blood money. Trotz teils versperrter Transportwege ist es action medeor im vergangenen Jahr gelungen, insgesamt 63,5 Tonnen Medikamente und medizinisches Material ins Land zu bringen. Die Lieferungen enthalten meist das komplette Arzneimittel-Sortiment von action medeor mit den von der WHO Weltgesundheitsorganisation empfohlenen wichtigsten Medikamenten.
Jeder Euro hilft! Together with Yamaan Foundation, our Yemeni partner organization, Cordaid has started a 3 year healthcare project in Yemen. This comes on top of the humanitarian food and shelter support we started providing in , also in collaboration with Yamaan Foundation. With our recently launched healthcare response, which is implemented in the region of Dhamar, thousands of people will have better access to medical care, ranging from vaccinations to safe deliveries. Here, we support 50 health centers, improving the access to basic medical care for the most common illnesses and afflictions for thousands of people.
Solar panels are providing women in Yemen access to energy and a way to escape famine conditions that continue to threaten the country. The program provides women access to materials and training to start microbusinesses that can sell energy to power community services such as water and health systems. UNDP currently has successful microbusiness projects throughout the north and south of the country working to provide cheaper energy in a context where fuel to run homes, businesses, schools, and health facilities has become prohibitively expensive.
A collapse of local government services has left the civilian population and NGOs to fill in the gaps. UNDP has focused programming on empowering women, who do not traditionally work outside the home in Yemen but are now often the breadwinners for their families after several years of war. The twins are conjoined from the neck down, in a condition known as parapagus dicephalus, which has a low survival rate. Mohammed Ahmed, 3-and-a-half years old, suffers from kidney cancer. With a beautiful, heart-capturing smile, he tells the doctor that he wants to go home.
So far, Mohammed has had 6 chemotherapy sessions over 8 months and is scheduled for 2 more in the coming months. My husband works as a teacher, but the government is not paying salaries any more. Cancer should not be a death sentence, but in Yemen it has become one.
This is the case for many Yemenis who cannot afford the cost of treatment, and who stay at home and wait for death to relieve their pain. It has been one-and-a-half years since Safia was diagnosed with a tumour in her oral cavity. Safia, who is originally from Hajjah, now lives in Haradh, a district hosting many displaced Yemenis from surrounding conflict-affected areas.
Since her diagnosis, Safia has had more than 10 chemotherapy sessions and 33 radiation therapy sessions. We are facing severe shortages of anti-cancer medicines, and the number of people receiving treatment may decrease if we are forced to turn people away. These medications are enough to cover acute shortages of medicines for 30 cancer patients for one year photos.
PWP objectives:. The establishment of the Public Works Projects came as a pressing necessity to mitigate the adverse effects of the Economical, Financial and Administrative Reform Program as a model for efficient delivery of basic infrastructure services within well defined and transparent procedures.
How does a child live during the war? Almost all children in Yemen depend on humanitarian aid at the beginning of the fourth year of the war. Shortage of malnutrition, the risk of another outbreak of cholera and the collapse of infrastructure and the school system are threatening the lives of millions. WFP dispatched food assistance for 7.
On 13 December, the parties to the conflict reached an agreement in Sweden which saw a ceasefire be implemented in Hudaydah from 18 December. The IPC results were released on 6 December showing that In a press statement, MoFA said it has confirmed the identity of the 57 Ethiopian nationals, after sending an Ethiopian government fact finding mission to Djibouti.
MoFA further said it has confirmed 16 Ethiopian nationals survived the accident, with the survivors receiving psychological and medical help by the Red Cross charity. The tragedy occurred during the early hours of Jan. The latest incident is said to be one of the many similar deadly calamities that have occurred on Djibouti's Red Sea coast area, as desperate East African migrants attempted to cross the dangerous route hoping to reach the Middle East via the war-torn nation Yemen, mainly aiming at reaching Yemen' northern neighbor Saudi Arabia.
At least families were displaced to Abs District Hajjah Governorate in the last three weeks, fleeing hostilities elsewhere in Hajjah, such as Haradh and Hayran districts. Abs district is hosting an estimated 23, Internally Displaced Persons IDPs , many of whom have been displaced multiple times; people are also relocating from within Abs district, due to the proximity of fighting. Working with various Yemeni partner organisations, UNHCR has identified, assessed and supported the needs of the most vulnerable households, in multiple governorates.
Khalif fled the civil war in Yemen, his home country, two years ago, postponing his dream of becoming a doctor. Now he needs to study hard, he said, because he still hopes to study medicine some day. Khalif is among 5, Yemeni refugees who are trying to make a new life in Somalia—an irony, given that thousands of Somalis in the past have fled to Yemen to escape violence in their country. But with the help of the United Nations and international humanitarian groups, Khalif and thousands of other Yemeni youth are receiving a basic education, many of them for the first time.
The Yemeni Organization for Combating Human Trafficking has revealed that the Houthis steal organs of their wounded fighters and traffic them. AMA further said that the Houthis refuse to treat abductees, asserting that they do not take any humanitarian or moral values into account. The Prime Minister Dr. Abdulaziz bin Habtoor stressed that the great history and great achievements of the Yemeni nation since the dawn of history in the region are among the main reasons for the suffering that the country is currently undergoing.
He pointed out that those who do not have a civilization are trying to curb the Yemeni people from moving towards making a modern and influential present in the current human civilization.
This came during his participation in the opening of the Yemen History Conference between the past and the future prospects, which started today in Sana'a and was organized by two local institutions two days. The Parliament on Tuesday continued to hold its sessions under parliament Speaker, Yahya al-Ra'i, in the presence of the Head and members of the National Salvation Government. Revealing his fate for the first time.
The Houthis are directed to release the politician Mohamed Qahtan. The al-Houthi group on Tuesday unveiled for the first time the fate of the kidnapped politician in its four-year prison, Mohamed Qahtan, after a release order by the group's Specialized criminal prosecution department. According to a memorandum by prosecutor Abdullah al-Kumaim, addressed the political security service, the decision to release Mohamed Mohamed Qahtan to be implemented, as directed by the Chief Prosecutor.
According to the memorandum, the decision to release was based on the decision of the chief prosecutor. Since his abduction from his home in the capital Sana'a in mid, the fate of the politician has been completely unknown, days after he was placed under house arrest. In his speech at the opening of the conference of the declaration of the humanitarian needs plan for the year , the Director of the Office of the Presidency of the Republic of Yemen -- Chairman of the National Authority for Management and Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Response, Ahmed Hamed-- sent explicit messages to international organizations working in Yemen.
Hamed pointed out in his speech to what some international organizations are offering to the Yemeni people from the tons of medicines that have expired or are close to expiry, as happened last year , revealing other issues like fraud and irresponsible action by international organizations. Houthis will try Awfa Al-Naami, Yemen manager of SaferWorld who was arrested days ago in Sanaa, on "harming national security charges". Remark: Earlier reporting Yemen War Mosaic , cp5. Doe the Houthis want to promote arms sales, war and violence?
According to the Yemeni media 'Al-Masirah', Ansarallah political bureau in a statement slammed the measures taken by Emirati occupiers in Socotra and some other parts of Yemen. There was no controls or authoritative supervision, so that the individual refugee had no recourse or protection.
It is true that the United States State Department voiced proper regard for the humanities, but its voice was not vigorous or even heard in Eastern Europe at the time of the expulsion. Few Americans dreamt of a brutal expulsion affecting perhaps 16 million persons! Eisenhower and Lucius Clay and participant at the Potsdam Conference. Most pertinently he insists that we deny what the lesser histories conspire with us to invent - that there are stopping places in history. Aided by Marshall Plan funds the millions of displaced persons, still longing for their homelands, recognized the futility of resort to force and turned to hard work to rebuild their lives by absorption in a democratic and peaceful society.
The Helsinki Conference of in effect acknowledged that the provisional Oder-Neisse demarcation line implied de facto annexation. The lesson from this well organized and moving historical record is not merely that retribution which penalizes innocent human beings becomes injustice, but that acceptance of political realities may be a better road to human fulfillment than the path of violence. Alfred de Zayas has written a persuasive commentary on the suffering which becomes inevitable when humanitarianism is subordinated to nationalism. Carl G.
Anthon in American Historical Review, December , p. Some of them, after all, professed to believe in the principles of the Atlantic Charter. The book should cause argument and controversy; it deserves a wide readership. Notes, bibliography and illustrations are excellent. Highly recommended for libraries of four-year colleges and graduate schools wanting good material on recent Central European affairs " Choice, July-August Journal of the American Library Association. Damodaran in International Studies, , volume 28, Number 3, pages The author I don't think people outside Germany know much about it.
The de Zayas book makes clear that the last provision was not fulfilled. As the only book-length treatment of the subject, this is for all libraries with strong collections in modern European history. Library Journal , David P. Jensen, Greensboro Coll. As the 16 million Germans were driven westward, some two million died, but the world remained silent.
Outraged by the crimes Nazis had perpetrated Due to the willingness of the press and the scholarly comunity in the West to ignore these facts of the Potsdam accord, few Americans or Britons know there ever was an expulsion, let alone authorization of the compulsory transfer. Questioning rhetorically whether the wrong could ever be righted, de Zayas maintains that the West could affirm its regard for individual guilt or innocence and reject the concept of collective guilt. Olaf College, Die Unterrichtspraxis , Vol. For example, it shakes one a bit, but is good for the soul, to be reminded that, although treaties of peace were signed soon after the end of hostilities with Italy, Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, there has been no treaty with either Germany.
He argues that overreaction to the evils of the Nazis led to the principle of collective German guilt, a theory that does not protect the innocent and which ruled the thoughts and actions of many responsible British and American officials when they agreed to the expulsion demands of Stalin. Only later did they realize the inherent inhumanity of the results of their lack of perception The rather extensive bibliography is also worthy of note.
With increasing concern over human rights, past and present, surely this horrible episode will receive growing attention. Recognizing realities, one cannot see how these injustices can be rectified, since those who committed them have made no effort to even recognize them. One can only hope that two wrongs have taught enough lessons to prevent a third.
The historian, however, is bound to deal with these events in the same manner as he deals with earlier crimes against humanity.
Greeks, Turks, Tatars, Jews, Poles, Bengalis, Palestinians and Germans among others have become victims of such revived practices of wholesale violence and, as the author of this carefully researched book points out, it is the Germans who are by far the most numerous in the melancholy parade of involungary exiles. No doubt as a result of the enormities committed in the Hitler period, no one outside the Federal Republic has been much concerned with them, although they numbered more than 16 million people of whom more than 2 million perished Spokesmen in the East, West and Third World have never ceased to call attention to the plight of the Palestinian refugees, who have themselves kept the United Nations and world opinion aware of their losses with impassioned appeals as well as by acts of terror.
But the 16 million Germans driven from their homelands have been largely ignored even by historians. Mr de Zayas, a young American lawyer, is a pioneer thirty years after the event in informing English-speaking readers about what happened Regardless of anything Hitler did, compromises had to be made by the Western heads of state with Stalin's plans of empire or there would be no postwar cooperation of the victorious powers. As Mr. The Potsdam Conference occupies a key position in his analysis, since on this occasion the United States and Great Britain sanctioned the expulsions.
Turning to the study of the human consequences of these forced migrations, de Zayas has frequently relied on interviews, such as that with Robert Murphy, the wartime political adviser of General Eisenhower, and on previously untapped archival resources. The fresh insigts of the chapters on Allied military governance and the division of Germany in the immediate postwar period make this work essential reading for students of European interntional relations. Wolfe in Southern Review , , Vol. The book sheds first light on a dark chapter of World War II.
As Robert Murphy, US political adviser for Germany during the Potsdam Conference, notes in the foreword, de Zayas' account accurately portrays 'the tragic fate of the dramatic transfer of millions of Germans from Eastern Europe to the West' This mass exodus, unparalleled in recent history, was set in motion by the Communist leadership of the Soviet Union, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The excesses of the victorious armies-- beatings, sadistic rapes and murders -- were ignored by the mass media. It was a time of retribution, a desire to punish the conquered Germans, and the concept of collective guilt was used against half-starved, homeless and innocent victims.
Only a handful of people protested, among them a young Red Army captain, Alexander Solzhenitsyn. He wrote an epic page poem about the shameful actions of his fellow Russians. His book is well researched, closely reasoned. Some of its pictures, previously unpublished, are as shocking as the concentration camp photos familiar to all of us. Their distortions of fact had a decided effect on the thinking of many Western leades. Ironically, it was Winston Churchill, the nemesis depicted in Goebbels' propagnada to the German people, who foresaw most clearly the immense human tragedy that would result from the mass expulsions and who tried to curb the Eastern European countries' desire for territorial expansion at the expense of the German state.
Hundreds of thousands of German civilians hurried west before the terrifying apparition of the shockingly undisciplined soviet army. Eastern leaders stated that this exodus had cleared out all the Germans, conveniently ignoring the fact tha misslions remained. These millions were abruptly ousted once formal conflict had ended The story begins in the fall of , in a village of East Prussia called Nemmersdorf, overrun by the Red Army in its first thrust into German territory The courageous British journalist Victor Gollancz to whom de Zayas dedicates his book , himself a Jew, protested that the Allies were treating German civilians as Himmler had treated the Jews.
Bertrand Russell called it extermination, describing the scene in the Berlin rainway station as another Belsen Republished in Amerika Woche, 3 March , page 8. But rather than waving the bloody shirt, he tries to answer a question which is puzzling indeed: how was all this possible when the Potsdam Protocol clearly stated that 'the transfer to Germany of German populations This book ought to be used in the schools and colleges of this country.
Even better, it should also be made into a television movie, drawing fromt he documentary which the author helped to prepare for German television a few years ago. As the late Robert Murphy noted in the Foreword, Stalin's unsympathetic disregard of the rights of the individual Germans affected by population transfers is understandable in the context of Soviet hatred of the Nazi war machine.
What is not understandable, however, is why Britain and the United States failed to see the injustice visited upon millions Substantially, organizationally and stylistically, this book is an outstanding historiographical achievement" Professor Henry Lane Hull, University of Alabama at Huntsville, The Ukrainian Quarterly, Vol. The expulsion of this large number of an ethnic group, authorized by and with the assistance of the Westtern Allies, brought forth the death and suffering of millions of human beings in clear violation of the basic principle upon which the Allies had agreed.
This, the author shows convincingly. VI, No. A new book 'Nemesis at Potsdam' by a young Harvard Law graduate Alfred de Zayas raises serious questions about Allied acquiescence in what was one of the most massive, and in some ways brutal, forced expulsions of nonmilitary populations in history. While critical of western leadership, de Zayas leaves no doubt about the agents of the crime-- the Soviet leaders.
The recent works of A. Solzhenitsyn and Lev Kopelev give further credence to the thesis that Soviet retributive actions were often not spontaneous but were planned Praised must be de Zayas's reopening of this largely neglected aspect of modern German history through this brief but well-written account. I'd never realised the scale of what had happened I'd never known much about the episode because history's written by the winners.
It was Goering who was tried at Nuremberg, and sadly not Bomber Harris, who, acting on instructions from the British government, had systematically massacred half a million German civilians since And it was the authorities at Belsen and not those at Camp Lamsdorf who were prosecuted -- Camp Lamsdorf being a camp of German internees in Upper Silesia where, according to this book, out of a population of 8, people, 6, -- including children -- died through starvation, disease, hard labour and physical maltreatment Number 21, Spring , who had already reviewed it in a long article "Retrospective on a Second Holocaust" in which he wrote "Nemesis at Potsdam is a valuable book.
Its style is highly readable and it presents the essential narrative of the expulsion both in human terms and in total historical context. Nemesis at Potsdam should be valuable collateral reading for secondary and college courses in modern European history. Telles sont quelques-unes des questions auxquelles M.
En outre, cet 'oeil pour oeil, dent pour dent' est un peu simpliste. On 13 and 14 April Patrick Buchanan's column appeared in more than newspapers in the United States, observing:. Few German women in Eastern Europe escaped rape. In a long article "The Taboo against Truth" published in and republished in the internet , Professor Ralph Raico writes in part: "The great crime that is today virtually forgotten was the expulsion starting in of the Germans from their centuries-old homelands in East Prussia, Pomerania, Silesia, Sudetenland and elsewhere.
About 16 million persons were displaced, with about 2 million of them dying in the process. This is a fact which, as the American legal scholar Alfred de Zayas dryly notes 'has somehow escaped the attention it deserves' The doctoral dissertation of Dr. Years ago I read a short but provocative book entitled Our Threatened Values. The author, Victor Gollancz, was a distinguished English publisher and humanitarian.
I never met him. He died in London after a long and fruitful life. To the memory of this corageous man and to the principles of human dignity for which he stood I dedicate this book. ISBN The first Routledge edition of this book was purchased for distribution by the German government agency Inter-Nationes and distributed to visiting diplomats, professors and students. Although the academic reception of the book was excellent, and the book is currently used in several universities and is sold in its 6th US edition and 14th German edition, some negative opinions have been articulated from time to time -- albeit without any effort at precise and constructive criticism, but rather in the ad hominem manner.
The book should cause argument and controversy; it deserves a wide readership. At the same time, the National Socialist Regime was connected with one of the most horribly appalling slavery machines inside and outside the concentration camps. But she agreed and called her friends right away. Miller, Judith u. Reiss, Tom: Der Orientalist. Hathaway, Jane, ed.
Bizarre, because the critic's own book on the subject does not produce any new documents or insights, and instead rehashes known information, unlike Nemesis at Potsdam which is based on extensive new archival finds and personal interviews with participants of the Potsdam Conference. Moreover, the critic writes his book in and claims that my book is not up-to-date.
When you consult his bibliography, you see that he relies on the third C. Beck edition , and not on the much revised and up-dated 13th Ullstein edition of This is the kind of petty jealousies and competition in academia that we would try to forget. This reminds me of a perceptive observation attributed to Henry Kissinger: "University politics are vicious precisely because the stakes are so small. Calumniare audacter, semper aliquid haeret. The book is used in many colleges and universities.
He is currently a professor of international law at the Geneva School of Diplomacy. He wrote the first scholarly work on German expellees to appear in English, breaking what had long been a taboo topic. The post-war expulsions were the largest forced movement of Europeans in the 20th century. Historians estimate that between 12 and 15 million people were expelled during the forced migrations. Aus dem Vorwort von Professor Dr. Weitere Versuche, eine Kollektivschuld der Deutschen zu belegen, werden and er Arbeit des Autors nicht vorbeikommen Schon vor Jahren hat er die Frage aufgeworfen, die er jetzt wiederholt, mit welchem Recht man eigentlich den damaligen Deutschen vorwerfe, nicht sofort begriffen zu haben, dass man die deportierten Juden umbringen werde.
Auch die deportierten Juden selbst ahnten bis zuletzt nichts von ihrem unmittelbar bevorstehenden Ende.
dynipalo.tk: Frieden und Menschenrechte: Die Päpste und die Vereinten Nationen (German Edition) eBook: Nicole Kaiser: Kindle Store. See details and download book: Download Pdf Ebook For Mobile Frieden Und Menschenrechte Die Päpste Und Die Vereinten Nationen German Edition By.
Ganz im Gegenteil nahmen sie an, dass ihnen an den Zielorten eine bessere Zukunft bevorstehe als in den Herkunftsorten, in denen sie zunehmenden Schikanen ausgesetzt gewesen waren. Einer der ganz wenigen Insassen von Auschwitz, dem die Flucht gelang, hat berichtet, er habe in den zwei Jahren, die er an der Rampe deportierte Juden in Empfang zu nehmen hatte, keinen einzigen getroffen, der auch nur entfernt ahnte, was vielen Ankommenden unmittelbar bevorstand. Januar wurde offenbar durchweg befolgt.
Hitlers Anweisung hat zugleich bewirkt, dass der Kreis der Eingeweihten unglaublich klein blieb, erstaunlicherweise auch innerhalb der SS. Offiziell waren die Juden in Arbeitslager im Osten verbracht. Feldpostbriefe und Auslandssender haben allenfalls einige erreicht, und dann nur mit fragmentatischen Informationen.
Pauschale Schuldzuweisungen sind daher unhistorisch und menschenrechtlich inakzeptabel. Methodisch ist Zayas einwandfrei, wertet stets behutsam. Rezension in New York Staats-Zeitung, 3. September , S. Gunter Nitsch. Wer ertappt wurde, kam selbst in ein KZ. Eduard Werner. Alfred de Zayas scheut keinen Konflikt mit der political correctness , wenn es um Wahrheit und Gerechtigkeit geht. Ein Batteriechef wurde deswegen zum Tode verurteilt. Ein Unteroffizier, der eine russische Familie ermordete, wurde samt seinen Helfern ebenfalls erschossen.
Der Chef der Parteikanzlei, Martin Bormann, gab am Der Reichspressechef erteilte am Mit diesem letzten Satz macht Himmler ungewollt deutlich, dass das deutsche Volk nicht antisemitisch war. Hinsichtlich der Beurteilung von Generalfeldmarschall v. Manstein erscheint dem Rezensenten die Sicht de Zayas doch etwas zu optimistisch. In dessen Befehl vom Jahrhundert ereignet.
Dagegen wird die Erinnerung an die zahllosen, an Deutschen begangenen Verbrechen zusehends minimiert oder historisch ausgeblendet. Alfred de Zayas kommt auf ca. Aus der Rede Himmlers in Posen geht hervor, dass dieser dem deutschen Volk nicht traute, auch nicht der Wehrmacht und nicht einmal seiner SS. Churchill schrieb am Der ehemalige amerikanische Richter im Hitler wies Himmler an, die Aktion anlaufen zu lassen. Ein weiterer ist ein SS-Richter.
Was wusste der Widerstand? Also von Hitler ermordet! Konnten die Verbrechen geheim gehalten werden, z. Lange Zeit ja. Und bis heute wissen es Millionen nicht oder wollen es nicht wissen. De Zayas hat seine Forschung als vollkommen unbefangener angefangen. Er hat gefragt und hinterfragt. Er erstellt den Deutschen keinen Persilschein, lehnt aber die Kollektivschuldthese nicht nur als unhistorisch sondern vor allem als menschenverachtend ab.
Das Zitat stammt Aus den Episteln. Es lautet im Original: Dimidium facti, qui coepit, habet: sapere aude, incipe! Es geht um nichts weniger, als um den Vorwurf einer Kollektivschuld der Deutschen an den Verbrechen des Nationalsozialismus. Zu Recht betont de Zayas, die Unwissenschaftlichkeit dieser Argumentationen.
Hier kommt die vom Autor bereits angesprochene unredliche und unwissenschaftliche Arbeitsweise einiger Historiker erneut zur Sprache. Ob der allerdings von den Verfechtern derselben wahrgenommen wird, darf bezweifelt werden. Friedrich Wilhelm Rothenpieler, ; Viktor E. Frankl, Das hat Alfred de Zayas getan. Damit beziehen sie eine Verteidigungsposition gegen das Postulat der Kollektivschuld aller Deutschen. Ihnen wird eine objektive Beurteilung abgesprochen. Darin manifestiert sich ein machtpolitisches Paradigma, dessen Wurzeln massenpsychologischen Ursprungs sind.
Sie zu kappen bedeutete, den unbedingten politischen Willen zur objektivierenden Auseinandersetzung mit dem Hitler-Regime zu haben. Davon kann keine Rede sein. Sie lieferte lediglich ein absichtsvolles und kein versehentliches Zerrbild der Geschehnisse. Das war auch hier der Fall. Er hing in jeder Schreibstube. De Zayas weicht auch dieser Frage nicht aus und kann sie letztlich mit nein beantworten. Was manche Leute sich selbst vormachen,das macht ihn so schnell keiner nach. Alfred de Zayas ist nicht irgendwer. Dieser Nachweis ist m. Seite 22 Die SD-Einsatzgruppen, die u.
Januar und seinen Konsequenzen in allen Bereichen. Seite Letzterer wird im Buch auf Seite mit beachtenswerten Feststellungen zu der Frage zitiert, wieso nach der Machtergreifung Hitlers die deutschen Juden selbst nicht glauben wollten, was ihnen drohte. Januar , und seit dem September sahen viele, wie Juden im Reich den gelben Stern trugen.
Es ist eine Geschichtsklitterung ersten Ranges, den allgemeinen Antisemitismus mit dem Massenmord gleichzusetzen. Der Giftgasangriff auf das kurdische Dorf Halabdscha mit rund 5. Die Anglo-Amerikaner und die Vertreibung der Deutschen first ed. CH Beck , 14th ed. Kein amerikanischer Autor hat bisher die historischen Folgen so umfassend und klar analysiert. Die Konferenz der Grossen Drei Seite Februar Januar Alfred M. An den Schulen und anderen Bildungsinstitutionen ist es jetzt, das einzigartige und bewegende Anschauungsmaterial richtig einzuordnen Es hat sich jetzt gezeigt, dass nicht nur die jungen Deutschen, sondern auch die jungen Polen oder Russen von den grausamen Umstanden der Austreibung keine Ahnung haben.
Hans Georg Lehmann in Das Parlament , Dietrich Schwarzkopf, Sender Freies Berlin, Mai Dezember August , NDR. Dezember , In erster Linie wohl die Tatsache, dass hier von einem unbefangegnen und sichtbar engagierten Amerikaner die Mitverantwortung der angloamerikanischen Politik an einer der grossen Katastrophen der Nachkriegsjahre festgehalten wird --nicht im anklaegerischen Ton des Moralisten onder in dem der verfolgten Unschuld, sondern mit nuechterner Sachlichkeit In zweiter Linie ist bedeutsam, dass bekannte Schilderungen der Unmenschlichkeit der Vertreibung, die hier nochmals eindrucksvoll zusammengestellt werden, durch Berichte amerikanischer Gesandter aus Prag und Warschau ergaenzt und bestaetigt werden.
Sein Buch ist wissenschaftlich sachlich, unparteilich, aber doch deutlich gepraegt von einem Sinn fuer Fairness und Gerichtigkeit". Sender Freies Berlin. Rezensiert durch Dietrich Schwarzkopf, Harald Steffahn Denn: "Polen in Art. Aber kein amerikanischer Autor hat bisher die historischen Folgen so umfassend und klar analysiert.
Aber er sieht eben auch, dass eine dauernde Friedensordnung nicht dadurch erreicht werden kann, dass die Friedensstifter ihre moralischen Prinhzipien der sogenannten Realpolitik opfern" Friedrich Knut in der Stuttgarter Zeitung, April Den Angelpunkt der Analyse bildet Art. Der Vf. De Zayas tut es, indem er das Unmenschliche dieser erzwungenen Auswanderung schonungslos, aber wissenschaftlich sauber offenlegt und Hans-Ulrich Engel im Bayerischen Rundfunk , Januar " Franz-Josef Neuss, Deutsche Welle , Juli , Besprechung der neuen erweiterten Ullstein Ausgabe.
Dieter Kraeter im Rheinischen Merkur , 5. Mai "Bis Alfred de Zayas sein Buch zu schreiben begann, hatte es fast nur Berichte von Betroffenen gegeben, die mit allen Nachteilen parteilicher Begrenzung und partieller Betrachtungsweise behaftet waren. De Zayas erarbeitete sein Material, als sei er der erste am 'Thema'. Stalin inszenierte, was sie billigten. In einem Interview im Westfalen-Blatt vom Mich haben vor allem der grosse Ernst und die Unvoreingenommenheit beeindruckt, mit denen Sie an die Arbeit gegangen sind.
Warum sind mehr als 30 Jahre seit Krieg und Vertreibung vergangen, bis dieses Buch - geschrieben von einem Amerikaner - herauskam". April der Spiegel no. Ich schrieb die Kapitel "Flucht" und "Vertreibung". First to sixth editions , C. Beck, Munich; th editions dtv ; 10th th editions, Ullstein, Berlin, pages. ISBN 3 A new revised and enlarged hardbound edition has been published by Herbig Verlag, Munich, in October , under the title Die Nemesis von Potsdam. ISBN 3 X at Denn er ist nicht nur promovierter Historiker, sondern auch promovierter Jurist.
Sein engagiertes Wirken gegen solche 'Kriegsstrategien' hat bedeutenden Anteil daran, dass sich das Recht auf die Heimat in den letzten Jahren als fundamentales Menschenrecht etablieren konnte. Februar , Seite 9. Vertreibungsverbrechen Vergewaltigung, Mord umgekommen; weitere 1. Siehe Literaturverzeichnis. Heinrich Windelen. Die C. The German Expellees first ed.
This is the story of the ethnic Germans who found themselves in the wrong place at the wrong time. Some two million died and fifteen million were displaced - driven from their lands by those opposed to anyone and everything German Most were apolitical -- farmers, miners and their families who became the last hapless victims of the war. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, then a young Red Army captain opposed the violent treatment of East Prussians -- and was packed off to a Gulag for his impudence.
They came last in the queue for postwar compassion. De Zayas's moving plea is that one's home should be a human right. As frontiers once more shift in Eastern Europe and families flee in Bosnia, he could hardly have chosen a better moment to deliver it. De Zayas, a lawyer, historian and human rights expert specializing in refugees and minorities, has uncovered testimony in German and American archives detailing these atrocities, adding a new chapter to the annals of human cruelty. His carefully documented book serves as a reminder that many different peoples have been subjected to 'ethnic cleansing'".
Publishers Weekly , July Both were hailed by historians as well as lawyers as masterpieces of academic craftsmanship. This book, aimed at the general public, presents in a nutshell the history of the ethnic German population which had settled in the early 12th century in large parts of what is nowadays Eastern Europe. In the s these so-called Volksdeutsche fell victim to big power policy. Other German minorities in Czechoslovakia and Poland were treated as second-class citizens in their respective countries and they submitted countless petitions to the League of Nations, parts of these minorities eventually becoming Hitler's fifth column just before the outbreak of World War II.
After six years of Nazi crimes in Eastern Europe, Nemesis was allowed to strike back the Germans, especially these minorities, who were then subjected to mass expulsion pursuant to decisions taken by the Allied Powers at Yalta inter alia , the acceptance of German 'reparations in kind' in the Soviet-Union, thus re-introducing forced labour and Potsdam Article XIII of the Potsdam Protocol regulated the 'orderly and humane' transfer, not only of the Volksdeutsche living outside the Reich's boundaries, but also of Reichsdeutsche from the German Provinces of East Prussia, Pomerania, East Brandenburg and Silesia, which were placed under Polish Administration pursuant to article IX of the Potsdam Protocol.
The author also focuses on Hitler's wartime expulsion of , French nationals from Alsace and over one milllion Poles from the Warthegau, acts which were condemned by the Nuremberg Tribunal both as war crimes and crimes against humanity. It is a tragic anomaly that the Allies in turn ordered the expulsion of some 14 million Germans at the end of the war as a peacetime mesure, and that over two million German expellees perished in the course of this massive and yet little known population transfer in the very heart of Europe.
De Zayas' book is written in a style reflecting his remarkable familiarity with German culture and history. The last chapter shows the reader that young West Germans born from resettled parents and who did not live the experiences described in a book, still manifest their attachment with their East Euoprean origins, which in turn shows that history can survive the principle of ' homo homini lupus '" Netherlands International Law Review , , pp.
Under the rubric 'orderly population transfers' the victors of the Second World War drove 15 million Germans out of their ancient homes in an ethnic cleansing far worse than what is happening today in the Middle East or Bosnia Hercegovina. They were mainly women, old men and children, because all the other men were in allied prison camps.
The lands, chiefly in Pomerania, Silesia and East Prussia, were seized at gunpoint, many people beaten, many of the women raped, and then forced onto the road, some with an old nag and a cart, a few by rail, most on foot. They had little food and faint hope of getting any en route. In some transit camps in the Czechoslovak Sudetenland, half the refugees died in the first few weeks. Western historians have long averted their eyes from the stupendous crime autoritatively described by Alfred-Maurice de Zayas in this grim, essential book.
He has worked in foreign archives and interviewed many survivors for this book, his fourth. For many years he has been a senior legal advisor on human rights to an international organization in Switzerland According to Alfred de Zayas Two million perished in the greatest exodus of the 20th century. CNN, unfortunately, was not around to do the video Click here for the Theses on the expulsion.
A Terrible Revenge first ed. Since then he has lived and worked in Geneva, Switzerland, as a human rights activist, specializing in the rights of refugees and minorities. This training and experience have uniquely qualified him to write this thoroughly researched work on the tragic forced expulsion of some 15 million Germans from their ancestral homelands in central and eastern Europe Of these expellees, two million perished during their trek westward The author gives an excellent account of how these ethnic Germans were originally settled in the borderlands of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires more than years ago.
There, these Volksdeutsche , as they eventually came to be known, lived and flourished for many centures. The author has given the history of these expulsions a dramatic immediacy through a series of eyewitness accounts US military historian Col. Ernest Fischer, Ph. The eastern Germans' flight from battle was soon prolonged in the forced emigration of entire German populations from their former homes in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania.
In all some twelve million Germans either left or were expelled, swelling the mass of Jewish and other 'displaced persons'. The flight from battle had merged into ethnic cleansing. Martin's Press, New York, 3rd edition Human rights activist and author, Dr. Through touching personal stories of dozens of the victims and through a detailed account of the machinations of states, Dr. A lot of popular ignorance of the Expulsion is innocent.
Some highly placed intellectuals and media poobahs have played a perverse game of favorites in genocide-victimization politics. So the story hasn't gotten out Soviet soldiers were given carte blanche to rape and plunder tens of thousands of people Alexander Solzhenitsyn, who was a young captain with the Soviet army that entered East Prussia in January , later wrote: 'Yes! For three weeks the war had been going on inside Germany and all of us knew very well that if the girls were German they could be raped and then shot.
This was almost a combat distinction. Though the American government did not overtly endorse the brutalities that accompanied the expulsion of the Germans, support for the deportation of these millions of people was laid down as official U. In November , Franklin Roosevelt sent a letter to the Polish president-in-exile, in which FDR stated: 'If the Polish Government and people desire in connection with the new frontiers of the Polish state to bring about the transfer to and from territory of Poland of national minorities, the United States Govertnment will raise no objection, and as far as practicable, will facilitate such transfer.
Ebeling in Freedom Daily , July , pp. The book is used in several history departments -- including the University of Texas. George Orwell thought the expulsion of the Germans to have been a "crime", which "we could not prevent but might have at least protested against" George Orwell, Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters, Vol. IV, 8.
Review of "50 Theses on the Expulsion" in voltaire. Approximately 19 million ethnic Germans had lived in those regions, often for hundreds of years. Statistical assessments of the numbers who died vary widely. De Zayas himself accepts a two million figure, which is consistent with the number of 2. The same two million estimate was stated by the German government in The taboo against any mention of this particular ethnic cleansing still continues. And then he had to spend ten years sending it round to almost a hundred publishers in the West before the manuscript was finally accepted.
The president of one of the biggest houses in New York returned the manuscript with the note that he would never publish a book sympathetic to the Germans. Alfred-Maurice de Zayas was born in Havana, Cuba, in , and in a long and distinguished career has excelled as a scholar.