The White Rose will not leave you in peace! But in the next month, a university janitor who saw them with the pamphlets betrayed them to the Gestapo German secret state police. And thou shalt act as if On thee and on thy deed Depended the fate of all Germany, And thou alone must answer for it. Axelrod, Toby. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, Chaussy, Ulrich, and Franz Josef Miller, editors. Dumbach, Annette E. Sophie Scholl and the White Rose. Oxford: Oneworld, Hanser, Richard.
New York: Putnam, Scholl, Hans, and Sophie Scholl. His eyes were clear and steady and he showed no sign of dejection or despair. He thanked his parents again for the love and warmth they had given him and he asked them to convey his affection and regard to a number of friends, whom he named. Here, for a moment, tears threatened, and he turned away to spare his parents the pain of seeing them. Facing them again, his shoulders were back and he smiled.
Then a woman prison guard brought in Sophie. Her mother tentatively offered her some candy, which Hans had declined. She was perfectly composed as she was led away.
Robert Mohr [a Gestapo official], who had come out to the prison on business of his own, saw her in her cell immediately afterwards, and she was crying. It was the first time Robert Mohr had seen her in tears, and she apologized. For them she had smiled.
No relatives visited Christoph Probst. His wife, who had just had their third child, was in the hospital. Neither she nor any members of his family even knew that he was on trial or that he had been sentenced to death. While his faith in God had always been deep and unwavering, he had never committed to a certain faith. On the eve of his death, a Catholic priest admitted him into the church in articulo mortis, at the point of death.
That afternoon, the prison guards permitted Hans, Sophie, and Christoph to have one last visit together. Sophie was then led to the guillotine. Unfortunately, they were not the last to die. The Gestapo's investigation was relentless.
Students at the University of Hamburg were either executed or sent to concentration camps. Today, every German knows the story of The White Rose. And there are streets, squares, and schools all over Germany named for the members of The White Rose. Richard Hansen sums up the story of The White Rose:. Their actions made them enduring symbols of the struggle, universal and timeless, for the freedom of the human spirit wherever and whenever it is threatened. Sources : The Future of Freedom Foundation.
Hornberger is founder and president of The Future of Freedom Foundation. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Resistance: An Introduction. Operation Anthropoid. Operation Foxley. Resistance Inside Germany. White Rose: A Lesson in Dissent. Professor Protests Dismissal of Jew.
Call to Armed Self-Defense. Valkyrie - July Plot to Assassinate Hitler.
The Bielski Group. Female Jewish Partisans. Jewish Parachutists from Palestine. Jewish Partisans: An Introduction. Living and Surviving as a Partisan. Family Camps of the Partisans.
Life of Jewish Partisans. Diary of a Jewish Partisan Unit.
With The Partisans. Jewish Partisans Saving Jews.
Jewish Resistance: Introduction. In Eastern Europe. Killing Center Revolts. Prisoner Uprisings. Video: Introduction to the Jewish Partisans. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Creation of Jewish Fighting Organization. Zegota - Council to Aid Jews. Jewish Fighters. Mordehai Anielevich. Yitzhak Arad. Jechezkiel Atlas.
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