Anybody can make promises, but it takes a real leader to follow through on those promises — and for more than two years, Donald Trump has proven himself to be just such a leader. President Trump promised jobs and energy independence during the presidential election campaign. He delivered.
In , America recorded its lowest unemployment rate since Someone willing to throw all that away and shackle the U. Even on a personal level, Sen.
The problem is apparently so bad that even Harry Reid, the famously tempestuous former leader of the Senate Democrats, felt the need to tell her to cool it. At some point, Amy Klobuchar is going to realize that being the President of the United States takes a bit more grit than running for Senate in a reliably blue state and issuing empty red-meat promises. Jennifer Carnahan is the chairwoman of the Republican Party of Minnesota. These amendments were monumental, because where the Bill of Rights protected the people from the federal government, Amendments 13, 14, and 15 protected them from the government of their states.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution ended slavery in the United States. Although President Abraham Lincoln 's executive order, the Emancipation Proclamation , freed slaves in the Confederate States during the war, it did not go as far as to outlaw slavery and involuntary servitude entirely. Until the amendment was enacted, they weren't yet free men and women. When Amendment Thirteen was adopted, making slavery illegal in the United States, it became the first new Amendment to be adopted in 60 years.
However, it didn't end the issues in the states, a series of " Black Codes" were introduced, mainly in the South, forcing Congress to add two more amendments. Even though the Emancipation Proclamation had freed the slaves, and the Thirteenth Amendment had secured their freedom, many individuals and organizations throughout the United States continued to treat Black Americans as if they didn't belong, like the color of their skin continued to make them inferior regardless of their new Constitutional liberties. This is because they were emancipated, but not yet full citizens.
The Fourteenth Amendment was enacted as a direct response to the serious issues free black men and women were facing under the "Black Codes. Sandford stated that slaves were neither protected by the Constitution, nor were they U. As it turned out, this historic case went down in history as the worst Supreme Court decision ever made, and the Citizenship Clause reversed the Dred Scott Decision declaring that all persons born or naturalized in the United States, regardless of race or ethnicity, would be citizens.
The Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause were in the same vein, protecting the rights of life, liberty, and property of all United States citizens. Under the Black Codes, newly free men and women had no guarantee that their property wouldn't be seized or that they would not be arrested on arbitrary grounds. The Due Process Clause gave them the confidence that they too were protected by the Constitution, and the Equal Protection Clause ensured equal protection under the laws of the state. The last of the Reconstruction Amendments, The Fifteenth Amendment Proposed February 26, ; Adopted February 3, gave all male citizens of the United States, regardless of "race, color, or previous condition" of servitude the right to vote.
Constitution gave Congress the right to collect income tax without basing it on population. This Amendment has been the target of a great deal of criticism over the last years, but these objections haven't stood up in court. So, the Sixteenth Amendment will most likely be around for many years to come. The Eighteenth Amendment Proposed December 18, ; Adopted January 16, effectively outlawed the alcohol industry. Once the amendment was adopted, nobody could buy, sell, or manufacture alcoholic drinks; but that didn't mean they couldn't drink it. It was called Prohibition , one of the most peculiar times in American history.
These groups managed to convince the federal government of the "corruption" of the sale of alcohol, explaining it as a cause of the rise of domestic violence and saloon inspired political corruption. Support for Prohibition was strongest in the South, where conservative Christianity played a large role.
Even after the Amendment was enacted in , along with the Volstead Act in October of that same year, the alcohol industry didn't stop. Instead, it just went underground. Rumor has it that anywhere between 30, and , speakeasies open up in New York City alone.
Chicago was another hot spot for the underground manufacture and sale of alcohol, which was overseen by the famous gangster Al Capone. With crime getting out of hand, and police authorities unable to gain control over the situation, Congress proposed and adopted the Twenty-First Amendment Proposed February 30, ; Adopted December 5, This amendment repealed the Eighteenth Amendment and the Prohibition of Alcohol, becoming the first amendment, and the only one to date, to repeal a previous amendment.
After 50 years of waiting, women finally got the right to vote in the United States with the Nineteenth Amendment Proposed June 4, ; Adopted August 18, This development came from the work of the Suffragettes in the Women's Rights Movement of the early twentieth century. Famous Suffragettes Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton led the movement, and together they drafted the amendment which would become Amendment Nineteen: " Universal Suffrage. Amendment Twenty Three Proposed June 16, ; Adopted March 29, address the voting rights of a different group of people, namely the residents of the nation's capitol: the District of Columbia.
Before the enactment of this amendment, people living in Washington D.
Now, like the state with the smallest population, Wyoming, each election D. The Twenty-fourth Amendment Proposed September 14, ; Adopted January 23, further protects the votes of free men and women by forbidding Congress and the States from charging poll tax for voting. Similar to the Black Codes of the Reconstruction era, Poll Taxes were commonly used to keep black Americans from voting. The timing of Amendment Twenty-Four's adoption coincides with the Civil Rights Movement of the s, when attention was on the unequal treatment of black American citizens in many of the Southern states.
The final act of Congress to date regarding voting rights and restriction is the adoption of Amendment Twenty-Six Proposed March 23, ; Adopted July 1, At that time, massive protest movements against the Vietnam War had swept the nation's colleges and universities. Prior to the adoption of this amendment, men were being drafted into service before they were even legal to vote. They were risking their lives without having any bearing on the actions of the men sending them to do so. Thus, the amendment set the voting age at 18, forbidding Congress or the States to set it any higher. Call to order: or order pocket constitution books online.
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Constitution I. Which Founding Father Are You?
The Bill of Rights. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. William Jennings Bryan. Twentieth Amendment. George Washington.