get link The types of sanctions that Italy uses are imprisonment, fines, probation, house arrest, and semi-custody. For murder, a person is imprisoned for a period not less than 21 years. For robbery, a person is placed in prison for years and fined. For theft, a person is placed in prison for up to three years and faces a big fine.
For assault, a person is placed in prison from 3 months to 3 years. The country uses fines along with imprisonment as a form of punishment. The fines differ in every crime that is committed.
Italy does not use corporal or capital punishment. The inmates get to do a variety of things. Some prisoners are able to get out early due to good behavior. Italy tries to emphasize rehabilitation in their prison system. The convicts do education work, play sports, work, participate in religious activities, and are encouraged to keep in contact with friends and family.
The juvenile court consists of two stipendiary judges and two judges who are psychologists or experts in juvenile crime. The Italian court system is a very complex system.
It is made up of three separate courts. The lower courts have three branches.
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Each court has their own specific jurisdiction and each leads into their own separate appeal process. The Justice of the Peace court deals with petty offenses like slander or libel. There is one honorary judge in this court and if you are convicted you can appeal your sentence to the Tribunale Monocratico which has one judge. The Tribunale Court has three judges and they decide cases that fall between the crimes listed in the Justice of the Peace court and the Corte d'Assise. If you are convicted in the Tribuanle court you can appeal your case to the Court of Appeals which has three professional judges.
The Corte d'Assise deals with only serious crimes such as murder or terrorism. The Corte d'Assise has two professional judges and six lay judges. If you are convicted in this court you can appeal your case to the Corte d'Assise d'Appello . There is another court in Italy that has the most power and that is the Court of Cassation. This court functions like a supreme court and this court is arranged in divisions that each have a president and a deputy. These courts typically are composed of five judges, but could use nine in certain cases. The final court in Italy is the Constitutional Court of Italy which is also a supreme court.
This court is made up of 15 judges and it deals with the constitutionality of laws. The defendant can be called to the stand but does not have to testify against themselves or even tell the truth because they are not under oath. There is no jury in the Italian court, so it is up to the judge or judges to decide whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. The prosecutor's role is to gather evidence to try to find the truth about what happened.
The prosecutor also does the interrogations of the suspects.
Italy's judges are trained professionals and they are the ones who decide whether the person is guilty or innocent. The judges must hold a Masters of law degree. They are selected through public national competitions and train under an experienced judge. Those judges are appointed by the President, Parliament, and other judges. The accused person comes into the trial and is viewed as not being guilty.
In dealing with civil matters the court uses justices of the peace, judges, tribunals, appeal courts, and the supreme court. Italy is a country that uses a centralized, multiple uncoordinated police structure. There are many different types of divisions of law enforcement in Italy. There are the Carabinieri, which is a form of military police who has police duties.
There is the Guardia di Finanza who are in charge of economic, financial, judiciary, and public safety. Next there is the Polizia di Stato, which is a civilian police force. Also, there is the Polizia Penitenziaria who are in charge of the Italian prisons. Next, there is the Corpo Forestale dello Stato who are responsible of national parks and forests.
There is the Coast Guard who are the law enforcement on the sea. Italy also has provincial police who operate in provinces and mainly enforce laws regarding hunting and fishing. Lastly, there is a municipal police who work in each commune to enforce traffic laws and local regulations. The Carabinieri trains officers by the following ways. If an officer wants to be a Military Academy candidate they must go through a two year training process and then a year of law school. If you want to be a reserve or a warrant officer you must go through a one year training program.
There is also a technical logistic role in the Carbinieri which requires a one year training program. In the Carbinieri training school the school looks to provide officers with a basic military, technical profession. The school also uses a shooting training program and a field training program. There are two year and three year courses in the academy. The training academy deals with functions that the officer is expected to fulfill on the job. There is also an athletic training program.
The officers are selected upon how they do in the academy. Italy is a country that uses a civil law system as their family of law. Crime in Italy varies from area to area. The total crime victims are The mafia was prevalent at times, but today there really is not too much organized crime in Italy and if there is the organized crime does not involve violent crime. Italy has a very low rate of violent crime. Italy's crime rate is very similar to the other countries in Europe.
The reported homicide rate is 1. The reported rate of robbery in Italy is 0. The reported rape rate is 0. The reported assault rate is 0. This happened a lot more in earlier years because of the mafia, but it is still a problem today.
You can get the information about crime in Italy through the International Crime Victimization Surveys. Nowadays people feel very safe in Italy. Violent crime rates are very low. The mafia has been pushed out of most of the country and people really do not have to worry about them anymore. The crime that typically occurs happens to tourists mostly. People try to take advantage of the tourists and steal their belongings and cars.
Crime in rural areas is very scarce, it is the cities where most of the crime takes place. In order to get married in Italy the couple must appear in front of a civil registrar in the town that they will be married in with two witnesses. If the couple is under 18 they must have their parents consent. Divorce in Italy started in A person may be divorced in Italy if they were married there or if you are Italian or a resident of the country. Divorce in Italy is a very confusing matter. A couple that is divorcing with consent must wait three years to be divorced.
Couples not divorcing by consent must wait five years after fault has been proved. Divorce by consent does not cost much money, but divorce without consent may cost thousands of Euros. The couple must go in front of a judge who offers them a choice of reconciliation or separation. The financial matters are also dealt with in the court. The mother is usually awarded custody of the children. The father still has access to the children.
At a certain age the children can pick who they want to live with. Adoption in Italy is very common. In 3, children were adopted. The prospective parents must go through assessment and evaluation to see if they are able to adopt. Adopters must be married or living together for three years in order to be able to adopt. There are age restrictions on the parents who adopt and the children they are adopting.
Single parents and gay people are not allowed to adopt in Italy. Everyone in Italy is allowed to be married except same-sex couples. Juveniles have their own court system. Anyone over eighteen falls into the adult court. Everyone living in Italy has citizenship rights.
If you are born in Italy you are able to be a citizen. If one of your parents is Italian you are an Italian citizen. There are three main ways to decide inheritance. They are legal succession, testamentary succession, and succession by necessity.
Legal succession is when the deceased person does not leave a will. His property will be given to their children or relatives. Testamentary succession is when the deceased leaves a will and the distribution of assets is sorted out by what the will states. The mother died of a heart attack shortly after her arrest in He is believed to be still in Syria with his wife, but nothing has been heard from them in more than a year.
The court sentenced a Canadian woman, Bushra Haik, to nine years in jail after finding her guilty of recruiting people, including Maria Giulia, to the extremist cause. She was tried in absentia and her whereabouts are not known. Maria Giulia was born into a Roman Catholic family in southern Italy. She moved to the wealthier north and changed her name to Fatima az Zahra after converting to Islam.
Italian media reported that she became progressively radicalized and married Kobuzi in , a man she barely knew, to facilitate her trip to Syria and to avoid being forced into marriage against her will on arrival there. She defended the actions of Islamic State in an interview via Skype with Corriere della Sera newspaper in The prosecution said that as a woman she would not have been allowed to fight on the front line. But they said that they had telephone taps showing she had learnt how to use firearms and that she had repeatedly said she wanted to fight.
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