source url Of all Western systems, the most influential was pragmatism , introduced and promoted by Hu Shi — , leader of the intellectual revolution of The debate served to question the supremacy of Western philosophy , which, as understood by the Chinese, was regarded as essentially scientific as opposed to metaphysical. In contemporary China, Marxism is the official philosophy.
The official ideology does not prohibit the study of traditional Chinese philosophy but has subjected it to critical evaluation and severe criticism. From on, many debates were carried on and many books and journals published.
According to Sima Qian, Xunzi was once the leader of the Jixia Academy, a site where thinkers of the schools baijia were represented. His rapprochement with contemporary cognitive and evolutionary science helped bolster the insights of Chinese philosophers and set the standard for similar explorations today. Some Westerners have considered it to have been the " state religion " of imperial China because of its lasting influence on Asian culture. Michael Puett. One is that an analogy is often as valuable epistemologically when it breaks down as when it works.
One topic of debate centred on the nature of the history of Chinese philosophy. The conflict between the theories of the original good and evil character of human nature, the opposition between principle and material force, the contradiction between Being and Nonbeing, and the conflict between names and actuality were given as evidence of this continuous struggle.
As such, the history of Chinese philosophy is but the development of Marxism-Leninism in Chinese history. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
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Roots of Chinese humanism During the transition from the Shang dynasty 17th—11th century bce to the Zhou dynasty , China was changing from a tribal to a feudal society and from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. And in the…. Humanism , system of education and mode of inquiry that originated in northern Italy during the 13th and 14th centuries and later spread through continental Europe and England.
The term is alternatively applied to a variety of Western beliefs, methods, and philosophies that place central emphasis on the human realm. Shang dynasty , the first recorded Chinese dynasty for which there is both documentary and archaeological evidence. The Shang dynasty was the reputed successor to the quasi-legendary first dynasty, the Xia c.
The name was first used during the Han dynasty bce— ce. It had previously been called Laozi in the belief that it was written by Laozi, identified by the historian…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About Chinese philosophy 3 references found in Britannica articles Assorted References ethics In ethics: China idealism and mysticism In idealism: The mystical argument individualism In individualism.
Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Introduction Roots of Chinese humanism Periods of development of Chinese philosophy. Edit Mode. Chinese philosophy. Tips For Editing. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Internet URLs are the best. Thank You for Your Contribution! Uh Oh. There was a problem with your submission.
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Additional Reading. Keep Exploring Britannica Jainism. Jainism, Indian religion teaching a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence…. Read this Article.
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Editorial team. Add an entry to this list:. Chinese Philosophy in Asian Philosophy. Over five decades, Donald J. Munro has been one of the most important voices in sinological philosophy.
Among other accomplishments, his seminal book The Concept of Man in Early China influenced a generation of scholars. His rapprochement with contemporary cognitive and evolutionary science helped bolster the insights of Chinese philosophers and set the standard for similar explorations today. My dissertation aims to shed light on the importance and distinctive nature of intimate relationships such as parent-child relationship and friendship by developing my own version of a virtue-ethical approach. I argue that the idea of gratitude for being can best make sense of deep gratitude typically found among intimates who care for each other.
Next, I propose my own relational virtue theory of filial piety. Lastly, I show how my view of filial piety is different from the Confucian view, or at least a version of it.
Discussion of nearly 40 major terms used in Chinese philosophy. Chinese philosophy originates in the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, .. Among the terms commonly found in Chinese philosophy are.
In particular, I show why the virtue of friendship is distinct from general virtues such as benevolence or generosity and why it is morally important to have this virtue. After critically examining existing views on partiality, I suggest a picture of how special values are transformed, delivered, and created within intimate relationships. Virtues and Vices in Normative Ethics. There is no need for universals.
These notions as well as all other concepts from whatever tradition are family resemblance concepts.
We introduce the notion of quasi-universal, which connects family resemblance concepts The possibility and necessity of extending family resemblance concepts across traditions dissolves the false antinomy of universalism versus relativism. Chinese Philosophy: Topics in Asian Philosophy. Classical Chinese Philosophy in Asian Philosophy. This volume includes nineteen articles by scholars from Asia, North America, and Europe on Chinese thinkers from the eleventh to the eighteenth centuries.
Essays are arranged chronologically, and most begin with a biographical sketch of their subject. They provide variety rather than uniformity of approach, but all in all these essays are remarkably rich and offer Chinese Neo-Confucianism in Asian Philosophy. Chinese Political Philosophy in Asian Philosophy. Political Theory in Social and Political Philosophy.